Branches of Biology

Subject: Biology

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Overview

This note contains detail information about all the branches of biology. Identification, classification, and nomenclature of living organisms.The structure and function of different parts of the body.
Branches of Biology

Biology can be studied in many headings. However, it has two main branches.

  • Zoology- Study of animals
  • Botany- Study of plants

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Some major branches of biology

  • Taxonomy- Identification, classification, and nomenclature of living organisms.
  • Anatomy and physiology- The structure and function of different parts of the body.
  • Morphology- Study of external features, structure, and appearance of living organisms.
  • Embryology- Study of structure and development of an embryo.
  • Ecology- Study of the interrelationship between plants and animals with the environment.
  • Genetics- Study of hereditary characters and variation.
  • Evolution- Study of the origin of new species.

Some other branches of biology

  • Agronomy-Management of farm or agricultural field.
  • Apiculture- Beekeeping
  • Anthropology- Study of origin and development of mankind.
  • Biochemistry- Chemical reactions taking place in living organism.
  • Biophysics- Application of physics in living organism.
  • Biotechnology- Use of living organisms in different techniques.
  • Bryology- Study of bryophytes.
  • Cnidology- Study of coelenterates.
  • Cardiology- Study of heart.
  • Conchology- Study of the shell of molluscs.
  • Dermatology- Study of skin.
  • Dentistry- Process of taking care of teeth.
  • Dendrochronology- Determination of age of the tree by counting annular rings.
  • Entomology- Study of insects.
  • Ethology- Study of animal behaviour.
  • Exobiology- Study of life in other planets.
  • Forestry- Process of conserving forests.
  • Fishery- Rearing of fish.
  • Genetic engineering- Preparation of desirable genotypes in the lab.
  • Herpetology- Study of reptiles and amphibians.
  • Helminthology-Study of helmins.
  • Horticulture- Cultivation for flowers and fruits.
  • Haematology- Study of blood.
  • Histology- Study of tissue.
  • Ichthyology- Study of fish.
  • Karyology- Study of a nucleus.
  • Limnology- Study of fresh water and its inhabitants.
  • Mammalogy- Study of mammals.
  • Myology/Sarcology- Study of muscles.
  • Malacology- Study of molluscan.
  • Mycology- Study of fungi.
  • Microbiology- Study of microorganisms.
  • Nidology- Study of nests of birds.
  • Neurology- Study of nerve.
  • Nephrology- Study of the kidney.
  • Nursing- Taking care of the patient.
  • Osteology- Study of bones.
  • Oncology- Study of tumor or cancerous growth.
  • Olericulture- Cultivation of vegetables.
  • Ornithology- Study of birds.
  • Opthalmology- Study of eyes.
  • Parazoology-Study of sponges
  • Paleontology- Study of fossils.
  • Parasitology- Study of parasites.
  • Pomology- Study of flowers.
  • Pharmacology- Study of medicine.
  • Phycology- Study of algae.
  • Radiology- Study in which radiations are used for treatment and diagnosis of diseases.
  • Saurology- Study of lizard.
  • Sericulture- Rearing of a silkworm.
  • Serology- Study of serum.
  • Serpentology- Study of snakes.
  • Trichology- Study of hairs.
  • Veterinary- Study of animal diseases.
  • Virology- Study of a virus.

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Things to remember
  • Taxonomy- Identification, classification and nomenclature of living organisms.
  • Dendrochronology- Determination of age of the tree by counting annular rings.
  • Entomology- Study of insects.
  • Embryology- Study of structure and development of an embryo.
  • Pharmacology- Study of medicine.
  • Phycology- Study of algae.
  • Radiology- Study in which radiations are used for treatment and diagnosis of diseases.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.

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