Some Ongoing Projects of Nepal

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

A project is a planned action set up to achieve balanced and proportionate economic growth and human development. This note has information on some ongoing projects of Nepal.
Some Ongoing Projects of Nepal

Project

A project is a planned action set up to achieve balanced and proportionate economic growth and human development. Following are some of the ongoing projects in Nepal

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1. Mobile Phone Distribution project

Location: Throughout the country

Aims:
a. To distribute 43 lakhs mobile phones to the people of the country within 3 years.
b. To provide mobile phone services throughout the country.

Benefits:
After the completion of the project, all the 75 districts will have the facility of telecom service and among 100, 16 people will get the facility of the mobile phone.

2. Melamchi Drinking Water Project

A project that will bring water from the Melamchi river of Sindhupalchowk situated north of Kathmandu by laying down pipeline through a tunnel which will distribute drinking water in the Kathmandu valley.

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Objectives:
This project has been launched to fulfill the scarcity of water in Kathmandu valley.

Benefits:
After the completion of the project, the daily supply of water in the valley will be 17 crore liters and for a few years, this project will be able to fulfill the scarcity of water in the valley.

This project has been launched with the help of Asian Development Bank (ADB), donor countries and the Government of Nepal.

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3. Solar Lamp (Tuki) distribution project

The government of Nepal has conducted a program "Karnali Ujyalo Karyakram" to provide solar lamps to the Karnali zone of Nepal which can light two bulbs through the solar energy to 60000 families of five districts of Karnali region. 95% of the investment is done by the government while 5% is to be done by the consumer themselves.

Objectives:
To provide solar light to the poor and needy people of the rural area.

Benefits:
a. According to the program, each family will get the provision to light two electric bulbs and also can listen to a small radio.
b. Students in the remote areas can study in the evening.
c. Means of communication like radio will bring awareness to the people regarding the political, social and economical condition of the country as well as in personal hygiene and sanitation.

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4. Secondary Education Support Program

Secondary Education Support Program has been conducted under the Ministry of Education and Sports throughout the country. The first phase of 15 years long project was conducted from 2003 to 2008 A.D. The project has been launched with the help of Asian Development Bank, DANIDA and the government of Nepal.

Objectives:
a. To increase school enrollment.
b. To make a curriculum for quality education.
c. To make easy availability of textbooks.
d. To provide different training materials and physical facilities.

Things to remember
  • A project is a planned action set up to achieve balanced and proportionate economic growth and human development.
  • Mobile Phone Distribution project, Melamchi Drinking Water Project, and Secondary Education Support Program are some important project conducted.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Some Ongoing Projects of Nepal
1st promotional clip. Books for Nepal project
Construction works at Melamchi Project underway: Official
Latest news on Melamchi Water Supply Project
Nepal Telecom introduces wifi - Myagdi
Nepal Telecom publicises its annual action plan
Pre-Melamchi project will fulfill Valley's water demand: KUKL
Solar Aid Project - Nepal
Questions and Answers

The Secondary Education Support Programme has become successful in its objectives as it has improved accessibility and equity in education and developed institutional capacity of secondary education.

A short description of a national personality who has contributed in the field of social service:
  • Name and address: Ms. Puspa Basnet (The winner of CNN Hero, 2012), Kathmandu
  • Sector:Social service
  • Contribution: Rescue work and providing homely environment to the children whose parents are kept in jail.
  • Exemplary factor: Selfless service
  • Name of the project: Melamchi Drinking Water Project
  • Objective of the project: To supply drinking water to Kathmandu valley
  • Catchment area of the project: Kathmandu valley and adjacent areas
  • Development partners: Asian development bank
Name of the project Objectives
Melamchi water project Fulfill the growing need of drinking water to the people of Kathmandu valley.
Secondary level education program Access of secondary level education and reformed in ability
  • Duration of the programme: 15 years
  • Concerned ministry: Ministry of Education
  • Development partners: GON, ADB, DAINDA
  • Any one objective: To develop institutional capacity, quality and relevance of secondary education and improve accessibility and equity for all in secondary education.

If I were the member of the National Planning Commission, I would prepare the following plan for the development of the Western Development Region.

  • Agriculture Development Plan
  • Promoting agriculture production, by assisting farmers
  • Commercial farming, vegetables, fruits, oilseed, sugarcane
  • Diary production
  • Animal rearing, poultry farming etc.
  • Tourism Development Plan
  • Identifying new areas of tourism potentials
  • Promoting domestic tourism
  • Conservation activities
  • Improvement of tourism is existing destinations
  • Infrastructures Development Plan
  • Road construction- Highways improvement, agricultural road construction
  • Electricity extension to the remote areas
  • Communication- cell phone and internet
  • Drinking water and sanitation
  • Industrial development
  • Promoting cottage, small scale industries in the rural areas
  • Establishment of agro-based industries
  • Promoting market- local, national, international
  • Conducting skill development trainings etc.
The following activities should be done for implementing the projects in time and sharing the benefit to the targeted people:
  • The government should monitor and supervise the task assigned to the development projects time to time.
  • The management of the projects should be effective and dedicated to the assigned task.
  • The local people should actively participate in such projects instead of creating hurdles in the works.
  • All the necessary materials, equipment, etc. should be made available so that there will be smooth flow of work.

Most of the Governmental and Non-Governmental projects in Nepal are based on Foreign Aids. As Nepal is one of the least developed country, it lack necessary technologies, human resource and finance. Although the physical resources are available enough, they have not been properly used for advantages.
The following points make the situation clearer.

  • As we are poor and so educated, we cannot manage all the resources necessary for operating projects. So, we have to depend on foreign aids for running them.
  • We neither have newly developed tools and technology, nor we can afford them. This situation makes us to depend on external aid.
  • Most of our human resources are unskilled or semi-skilled. An advance need of projects regarding skilled human resources can be managed only with their helps.
  • Some missionaries agencies are interested to invest for us too. They have good environment in Nepal like countries where they can spread their religion or culture without any problems.

The given points give us a detail how and why our projects depend on foreign aids.

Nepal is a developing country. It has not been able to utilize its resources better and lacks proper development of infrastructures. These also interrupt accomplishment of National level projects as per the objectives.
The major problems faced by national level projects are:

  • Different resources necessary for the projects are not available as per the need of the project. Investment, skilled human resources, market, etc. need to be well managed for better results from the projects.
  • The government also does not have liberal policy for the investors. They do not get actual assistance from the authority for the projects.
  • Due to procedural administration to take license, choose the project site and determine the cost of the products always have problems.
  • Locals and stakeholders often play unsupportive roles, corruption is prioritized, necessary materials won't be easily available, and strike and protest, etc. hinder the process of work.

If I were a member of the National Planning Commission, I would choose a project related to rural development. It is because:

  • Development starts from villages
  • Emphasis goes to need based investment
  • Rural areas become self -reliant
  • Harmonious development occurs
The four ways of mobilizing the resources for development are:
  • Government of Nepal, local people and local non-governmental organizations.
  • Organization of donor countries at international level like: UNO, World Bank, ADB, etc.
  • Any developed country that has been helping Nepal in its development like America, Denmark, Japan, China, Germany etc.
  • International non-governmental organizations (INGO) and social service organizations at international level UNDP, UMN, INF etc.
  • Name of the project: Afforestation in open hill of my surrounding
  • Aim of the project: To plant trees in all the open areas of our surrounding hills.
  • The donor of the country: DAINDA
  • Estimated cost: Rs. 20, 000
  • Estimated manpower and their work: About 200 people work for about 2 days.
  • Ways in which local participation is made: Each house contributes at least on sampling to make one pit and plants it.
  • Number of beneficiaries and societal impact of the project: Over three hundred people will be benefited. The surroundings looks green, environmental balance maintains the number of animals which get increased in the areas.

To carry out the developmental process, there are several such national projects under implementation. Among them the one is Melamchi water project.
The Melamchi water project is a long awaited development project. It is under construction with the objective to supply drinking water through a special tunneled tank from a stream at Mealmchi in Shindhupalcowk district. It is an ambitious developmental work made with billions of budget taking under consideration of the increasing need of water supply to the rapidly increasing population of the Kathmandu valley.

Our country has vast potential of generating electricity because we have rich water resources. For energy utilized in so many areas, we don't have to rely upon other things so much. But unfortunately, these things haven't been utilized. Many parts of our country, still, is in darkness. All people haven't been facilitated with electricity. As such, the government has made the provision of 'Karnali Ujyalo Karyakam' with the distribution of solar power equipment for immediate purpose. In fact, it's a potential enactment towards the people from the state. It has got various importance. Such as:

  • The people can immediately be facilitated by this kind of low invested economic programmes.
  • The idea of utilizing our natural resources as alternative uses can inspire other people to use it.
  • The passiveness and lack of interest on doing many things in the evenings can be re-initiated and brings positive deeds.
  • It inspires government to reduce its pressure and high demands by applying elsewhere, where required.
Secondary education support program has been successful in its objective in some extent as a lot of student across Nepal have been able to enjoy the facility of quality secondary level education with improvement in infrastructures although the availability of text books on time is still a problem in rural and unaccessible areas.
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