Subject: Social Studies
Even in the twenty-first century, we have not wholly got rid of superstition and ignorance. We are blindly following some bad customs in the name of what our ancestors did. This is a slur on our society. They are of no use today instead, they are obstacles on the way of development and peace and order. They are social evils and need immediate elimination. Here are some of the examples of social evils prevent in our society.
There is a caste system in our society. This system has divided the castes into two classes- high caste and low caste. Again among some castes in the low class have been declared untouchables. The untouchables are prohibited from touching the touchable, their food, drink, entering, their houses, temples and drawing water from the wells, etc. They are hated and exploited. The Muluki Ain of 2020 BS, the Constitution of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2047 BS and the Interim Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal 2063 BS have declared all kinds of discrimination unlawful. So untouchability is illegal and punishable, but it in practice in the society. This practice is a social evil. It deprives the so- called untouchables of their social and legal rights. It is an innovation of human rights. It may cause a revolt and break social integrity.Educated persons are against this narrow-mindedness and defective outlook. Young generation must bridge the gap between the high castes and low castes. We are all honorable members of the society.
The dowry system is the money in cash or goods that the girls parents promise to give to the boys parents for the marriage of the boy and girl. The demand is made by the boys family. There may or may not be the demand rebate. After this deal, the boys parents agree to let their son marry the girl. But if after the marriage the dowry is found less than settled, new brides trouble begins. She is insulted, her father is abused. She is beaten, tortured and sometimes brunt by her husband and in-laws. If the bride is courageous she goes to the police station or the law court to sue her in-laws including her husband. But many don't dare. At the outset, the dowry was a token of love and blessing for the girl from her parents. But now it has become a compulsion, a borrowed loan that the girls parents have to pay at all costs, even by becoming paupers. The dowry is a fatal disease whose infection is spreading to other parts of our country from the Terai. Many girls have committed suicide. Many fetuses have been destroyed in the womb. This inhuman custom must be eradicated. This needs stern legislation. Both boys and girls should take it as a challenge and fight. Both the boys side and the girls side should be punished if found involved. Love marriage and inter-caste marriage should be encouraged. A campaign against this system should be launched. Public awareness should be created by holding meetings, publishing articles in the newspaper, and displaying posters ad placards. Processions should be taken out.
This custom is prevalent in the Terai. The Muslim girl, especially adult, wears burkha which is made of cloth with two holes at the eyes so that she can see others but others especially men, cannot see her. This custom hampers her education and health. A different kind of Ghumto system is practiced in the Hindu women's. A newly married Hindu girl keeps her head and face hidden from her father in law, elder brother in law and strangers. For this, she covers her face with a part of sari. She seldom goes out of the house. If she has to go out she covers her face. This is gender discrimination. However, with the progress of education and urban civilization, this custom is fast disappearing.
Deuki system is the custom of offering a child girl to the local temple. This offering is made after the fulfillment of mans desire by the god or goddess in the temple. If the vow-maker has no daughter he can buy a girl for a family. This practice prevails in the hilly region of the far western development region. The girl offered has to spend her life in the temple serving the deity. She has to live on the offering in the form of money and food or any kind which may or may not be enough for her survival. The worst thing is that she cannot marry. This is the violation of the child right, marriage right, family right and above all, human right. It gives birth to an evil practice. This custom is declining fast due to public awareness.
The Jhuma system is similar to the Deuki system. It prevails in the Sherpa community in the eastern region. In this system, the second daughter is offered to the Gumba to carry out the services to the god there. The Jhuma has to live an unmarried life. She has an illicit sexual relationship. The son thus born has to live in the Gumba. He becomes the lama of the Gumba. This process violates the child right and family right and encourages the illicit sexual relationship.
Maiti Nepal has contributed to control girl trafficking.
All those social practices for example customs, traditions, festivals, norms and values which affects particular gender, caste, elders are called social evils.
Dowry system is a practice of giving money or property at the marriage of a daughter.
Deuki Pratha is common in the hilly areas of Far Western Development Region.
Any two social evils of our country are untouchability and dowry system.
The programmes which are organized against the social evils help in minimizing them by creating public awareness and their participation in different activities.
To control the untouchability, young generation should work together with the elders for minimizing the gap between the high and low caste.
Untouchability is one of the malpractices prevailed in my community. To control the malpractice, the distance between the higher and lower caste people should be reduced by organizing such programmes in the community where the both of them equally participate in.
Offering's one's own daughter or daughter of poor family to gods as a tradition prevailed in the Far Western and Mid-Western Development Regions is known as deuki system and it should be abolished through public awareness and women empowerment.
Deuki system has questioned on the status of the women in the Mid Western Region of Nepal, and has spread prostitution.
A slogan to create awareness against bad custom is-
"Let's show our solidarity to stop the personal untouchability."
The effects on social and economic life of such malpractices are:
Untouchability is, undoubtedly, one of the serious and deep rooted problem of Nepal. It deteriorates our social structure by bringing division and anarchy in the society. To control this problem, four suggestion are given below-
The money of property brought by women to her husband after marriage is termed as dowry. Most of the communities in the terai and partially in other parts of the country practice the system of providing dowry to the bridegroom as demanded forcefully. Such activities relating to dowry system have some bad impacts in our society.
The social and economic effects in the society due to dowry system are presented below:
© 2019-20 Kullabs. All Rights Reserved.