Subject: Social Studies
The Red Cross Society is an international organization that was established on 26th October 1863 A.D. in Geneva, Switzerland. A famous Swiss baker named Jean Henry Dunant founded it. This note has information about the contribution of Red Cross and SOS in Nepal.
The Red Cross Society is an international organization that was established on 26th October 1863 A.D. in Geneva, Switzerland. A famous Swiss baker named Jean Henry Dunant founded it. In 1859, he had been to Italy on his vacation where there was the war of Solferino going on. The very next day, he saw a battlefield where about forty thousand people were killed and many people were badly wounded. The sight touched Dunant emotionally since there were no doctors or any volunteers to rescue and treat those war victims. After he returned to Switzerland, he wrote a book in which he stated his intention to help the victims of the war and the natural disasters. In 1863 AD, delegated from 16 countries assembled in Switzerland and founded the Red Cross Society.
In Nepal, it was established in 2020 B.S. at Tahachal, Kathmandu. Since then, it has been working a lot in Nepal to serve humanity.
4. Volunteer service
6. Non-political activities
The main services provided by the Nepal Red Cross Society are as follows:
1. It has been providing food, clothes and shelter for the victims of natural calamities and the needy people of Nepal.
2. It has been arranging medical services for poor, sick people and providing free medicine for them and running eye hospitals, ambulance service, etc.
3. It has been setting up blood banks and making blood available for needy people.
4. It has been conducting child welfare programs, family planning, primary health case, Human resource Development etc.
5. It has been providing rehabilitation services for refugees and the people affected by natural disaster etc.
The SOS stands for Save Our Soul. It is a renowned international social organization that has been providing social services since its establishment from 1949 AD. The founder of SOS was an Austrian citizen named Herman Gmeiner who established a children Village Austria in 1949 AD. The SOS was established to help the children who had been disabling or orphaned during the World War II. But later on, it started serving children who were abandoned and orphaned children throughout the world. There are SOS children villages in different parts of the world. In Nepal, there are eight such villages.
Its main functions are:
The Scout Association:
The Scout Associatioon was started in 1907 by Lord Robert Baden-Powell. His vision was to create a better world. He developed the Scout Promise and Law that Scouts still live by today. He began this to stop youths from going wronh way after returning from war.
Its main functions are:
Due to Maoist insurgency, many people become homeless and many children lost their parents. I heartily like to do some works for such children. I want to help the children by raising funds from the people of my neighborhood and others. I would like to manage food, clothes, books, etc for them. I have a desire to work as a volunteer and help them as possible as I can in reducing pain and sorrow in their life.
In 1859, Italy witnessed great measure at the battle of Salferino. In June, a young Swiss businessman, doctor and philanthropist, Jean Henry Dunant (1828-1910) was vacationing inSalferino. One day, he went to meet the French emperor Napoleon III (1808-73). Butthe sight of the war ridden town moved him. Forty thousand people were killed and injured in the continuous war between the Austrians, during the French and Austrians struggle for Italian independence. Italy was full of wounded soldiers. They were lying all over the town allying helpless. So, Dunant began to organize help. He urged the women to nurse and to supply bandage. He urged the children to carry water. He urged the others to help the wounded by any other means. The situation improved within five weeks. On his return, Dunant resolved to establish an organization invite "the volunteers from all over the world and help the causalities of the war or national disasters like earthquakes." He proposed it three years later (1862) in his book UN Souvenir deSalferino(amemory ofSalferino). It stirred the entire established a permanent international committee. Itwas represented by delegates of 16 countries sounding to the international Red Cross.
In 1864 A.D, twelve countries signed an agreement at Geneva, the capital of Switzerland. The agreement states that neither wounded soldiers nor Red Cross social workers will be attacked this agreement now holds equally true for war prisoners not- army victims. The nations can be run according to this agreement but the super power nations often violate the agreement. So, there is doubt whether the nations can be run according to this agreement.
I would keep the drowned person on a firm surface. I would quickly clear out the food or other materials from the mouth and throat. Then, I would extend his head as far as possible. I would pinch his nose with my fingers. Then, I would seal my mouth around his mouth. I would let below air into lungs. Lastly, I would remove my mouth quickly in order to allow passive expiration.
The Red Cross circle is an internationally expanded organization and it has a nationwide, school wide organization as well. The junior Red Cross circle has been found in my school which runs following programmes:
Red Cross society has run first aid centres in different parts of district. It has distributed food, clothes, tents etc. to the affected by flood, landslide and famine.
According to a recent data, SOS villages has been established in 128 countries in the world. According to the data recorded in 1998, there are 1536 SOS villages in the world. There are nine SOS villages in our country.
SOS stands for 'Save for soul'. It is the voice of the disabled, helpless, orphans and homeless children. After the Second World War in Europe, there were thousands of orphans. Dr. Herman Geminer, a professor of Austria, opened children's village in Austria in 1949 where they could live in a family with a mother. Several such groups would from a village. According to recent data of 2002, SOS villages are established in 131 countries of the world. The members of villages have reached 1540 in 2000. More than 650000 people and organization have been donating fund to run these children's villages. SOS children village have now established a total of 15667 facilities of different categories. After the death of Dr. Hermann Geminer, Mr. Helmut Kuttin has taken over the change of chairmanship of SOS organization.
SOS children's village was established for the first in Nepal in 1973 at Sano Thimi Bhaktapur. The SOS organization in Nepal celebrated its silver jubilee in 1988. At present there are 8 SOS villages in Nepal. There are children villagers in Sano Thimi, Jorpati, Pokhara, Surkhet, Itahari, Chitwan, Banepa and youth villages at Koteshwor, Kathmandu, Pokhara, Nepalgunj and Biratnagar programmes like vocational training, ceramic training, mother retirement homes, social centres for mothers and children etc are run in these villages. More recently, SOS National training center has also been established in Banepa for providing training to mothers and teachers.
Nepal is a member of world family. Red Cross society has now spread all over the world. Some 183 countries including Nepal have set up national branches of the Red Cross society in countries. Nepal Red Cross society has been very active in providing its services to the nearby people in Nepal. The Nepal Red Cross society has its headquarters at Kalimati in Kathmandu:
Red Cross is the most widely expanded humanitarian organizations throughout the world. It was propounded by Sir Henry Dunant, during the course of its worldwide expansion; it was in Nepal in 2020 B.S as Nepal Red Cross society. It performs various functions. Among them any three are as follows:
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