Roles played by International Organizations in Solving Social Problems

Subject: Social Studies

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The Red Cross Society is an international organization that was established on 26th October 1863 A.D. in Geneva, Switzerland. A famous Swiss baker named Jean Henry Dunant founded it. This note has information about the contribution of Red Cross and SOS in Nepal.

Roles played by International Organizations in Solving Social Problems

Red Cross Society

The Red Cross Society is an international organization that was established on 26th October 1863 A.D. in Geneva, Switzerland. A famous Swiss baker named Jean Henry Dunant founded it. In 1859, he had been to Italy on his vacation where there was the war of Solferino going on. The very next day, he saw a battlefield where about forty thousand people were killed and many people were badly wounded. The sight touched Dunant emotionally since there were no doctors or any volunteers to rescue and treat those war victims. After he returned to Switzerland, he wrote a book in which he stated his intention to help the victims of the war and the natural disasters. In 1863 AD, delegated from 16 countries assembled in Switzerland and founded the Red Cross Society.

In Nepal, it was established in 2020 B.S. at Tahachal, Kathmandu. Since then, it has been working a lot in Nepal to serve humanity.

Aims/Objectives/ Principles:

1. Humanity
2. Neutrality
3. Impartiality
4. Volunteer service
5. Non-alignment
6. Non-political activities

The main services provided by the Nepal Red Cross Society are as follows:

1. It has been providing food, clothes and shelter for the victims of natural calamities and the needy people of Nepal.
2. It has been arranging medical services for poor, sick people and providing free medicine for them and running eye hospitals, ambulance service, etc.
3. It has been setting up blood banks and making blood available for needy people.
4. It has been conducting child welfare programs, family planning, primary health case, Human resource Development etc.
5. It has been providing rehabilitation services for refugees and the people affected by natural disaster etc.


SOS (Save Our Soul)

The SOS stands for Save Our Soul. It is a renowned international social organization that has been providing social services since its establishment from 1949 AD. The founder of SOS was an Austrian citizen named Herman Gmeiner who established a children Village Austria in 1949 AD. The SOS was established to help the children who had been disabling or orphaned during the World War II. But later on, it started serving children who were abandoned and orphaned children throughout the world. There are SOS children villages in different parts of the world. In Nepal, there are eight such villages.

Its main functions are:

  1. It provides protection to the children especially to the children who are homeless and orphans.
    2. It also provides vocational training to the children to make them self-reliant.
    3. It runs the mother retirement homes and social centers for mothers and children.
    4. It provides several facilities for games or special exercise to the children in the village.
    5. It provides education, health and other additional requirements to the needy children which help to develop a kind of confidence to the children in the village.


The Scout Association:

The Scout Associatioon was started in 1907 by Lord Robert Baden-Powell. His vision was to create a better world. He developed the Scout Promise and Law that Scouts still live by today. He began this to stop youths from going wronh way after returning from war.

Its main functions are:

  1. It runs various programs including training programs to motivate the youths towards social service.
  2. It also provides services to the victims of natural calamities.
  3. It carries out various social services like free medical check up, free distribution of medicines, plantation and sanitation programs in the various parts of Nepal.
Things to remember
  • Red Cross Society was established on 26th October 1863 A.D. in Geneva by Jean Henry Dunant.
  • Main aims of Red Cross Society are humanity, volunteer service, non-alignment, non-political activities, neutrality, impartiality.
  • Main services of Red cross society are providing food, clothes to victims of natural calamities, arranging medical services, providing rehabilitation etc.
  • SOS (Save Our Soul) was established in 1949 A.D. by Herman Gmeiner.
  • The main functions of SOS are providing protection to homeless and orphan children, provides vocational training to children, runs mother retirement homes etc.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Roles played by International Organizations in Solving Social Problems
American Red Cross - Zoe Saldana - Haiti Relief
Basic info about Red Cross (Community Fun Day Movie)
COP16: Durga Poudel, Nepal Red Cross Society youth leader
History of the Red Cross & Red Crescent
Nepal Red Cross Society
Nepal Red Cross Society
pokhara sos nepal
Story of an Idea - the film
Questions and Answers

Due to Maoist insurgency, many people become homeless and many children lost their parents. I heartily like to do some works for such children. I want to help the children by raising funds from the people of my neighborhood and others. I would like to manage food, clothes, books, etc for them. I have a desire to work as a volunteer and help them as possible as I can in reducing pain and sorrow in their life.

In 1859, Italy witnessed great measure at the battle of Salferino. In June, a young Swiss businessman, doctor and philanthropist, Jean Henry Dunant (1828-1910) was vacationing inSalferino. One day, he went to meet the French emperor Napoleon III (1808-73). Butthe sight of the war ridden town moved him. Forty thousand people were killed and injured in the continuous war between the Austrians, during the French and Austrians struggle for Italian independence. Italy was full of wounded soldiers. They were lying all over the town allying helpless. So, Dunant began to organize help. He urged the women to nurse and to supply bandage. He urged the children to carry water. He urged the others to help the wounded by any other means. The situation improved within five weeks. On his return, Dunant resolved to establish an organization invite "the volunteers from all over the world and help the causalities of the war or national disasters like earthquakes." He proposed it three years later (1862) in his book UN Souvenir deSalferino(amemory ofSalferino). It stirred the entire established a permanent international committee. Itwas represented by delegates of 16 countries sounding to the international Red Cross.

In 1864 A.D, twelve countries signed an agreement at Geneva, the capital of Switzerland. The agreement states that neither wounded soldiers nor Red Cross social workers will be attacked this agreement now holds equally true for war prisoners not- army victims. The nations can be run according to this agreement but the super power nations often violate the agreement. So, there is doubt whether the nations can be run according to this agreement.

Red Cross society has central regional and district level offices. These offices have essential materials, food, clothes, tents, curtain, medicine etc. needed during the time of natural calamities. When any natural calamities occur, the social workers of Red Cross society take these materials as soon as possible. If the materials are not enough the social workers of Red Cross society can even seek the help from other branches or offices from within the nation their office and if the number is not sufficient they send the doctors or nurse of their office and if the number and providing health service they do not make any discrimination. However, they take the situation of the region into consideration. Hence, people may get more less service as per need.

I would keep the drowned person on a firm surface. I would quickly clear out the food or other materials from the mouth and throat. Then, I would extend his head as far as possible. I would pinch his nose with my fingers. Then, I would seal my mouth around his mouth. I would let below air into lungs. Lastly, I would remove my mouth quickly in order to allow passive expiration.

Red Cross society was introduced in Nepal in 1863 A.D. the headquarters of the Nepalese Red Cross society is in Kathmandu. The Nepal Red Cross society has been providing valuable contribution in the field of social service by helping the poor and needy people and has also helped running blood donation camps, ambulance service etc.
The main functions of Nepal Red Cross society are:
  1. Rehabilitation of the refuges and victims of natural calamities.
  2. Management of food, clothes, and other necessary things for the people affected by natural calamities like flood, earthquake, volcano, hurricane etc.
  3. Establishment of blood banks and supply of blood to the needy in emergency.
  4. Run child health care and protection programmes.

The Red Cross circle is an internationally expanded organization and it has a nationwide, school wide organization as well. The junior Red Cross circle has been found in my school which runs following programmes:

  1. Whenever there are any natural disaster the junior Red Cross numbers collects money, food, clothes, for the victims sake.
  2. In connection with the district Red Cross office at conducts blood donation programme.
  3. It conducts various programmes like cleanliness, awareness etc.

Red Cross society has run first aid centres in different parts of district. It has distributed food, clothes, tents etc. to the affected by flood, landslide and famine.

According to a recent data, SOS villages has been established in 128 countries in the world. According to the data recorded in 1998, there are 1536 SOS villages in the world. There are nine SOS villages in our country.

SOS stands for 'Save for soul'. It is the voice of the disabled, helpless, orphans and homeless children. After the Second World War in Europe, there were thousands of orphans. Dr. Herman Geminer, a professor of Austria, opened children's village in Austria in 1949 where they could live in a family with a mother. Several such groups would from a village. According to recent data of 2002, SOS villages are established in 131 countries of the world. The members of villages have reached 1540 in 2000. More than 650000 people and organization have been donating fund to run these children's villages. SOS children village have now established a total of 15667 facilities of different categories. After the death of Dr. Hermann Geminer, Mr. Helmut Kuttin has taken over the change of chairmanship of SOS organization.
SOS children's village was established for the first in Nepal in 1973 at Sano Thimi Bhaktapur. The SOS organization in Nepal celebrated its silver jubilee in 1988. At present there are 8 SOS villages in Nepal. There are children villagers in Sano Thimi, Jorpati, Pokhara, Surkhet, Itahari, Chitwan, Banepa and youth villages at Koteshwor, Kathmandu, Pokhara, Nepalgunj and Biratnagar programmes like vocational training, ceramic training, mother retirement homes, social centres for mothers and children etc are run in these villages. More recently, SOS National training center has also been established in Banepa for providing training to mothers and teachers.

The SOS village of Jorpati in Kathmandu is very popular. This is especially for orphans with all kinds of disabilities. Five boys/girls of different age group live in one house with a 'mother' and an 'aunty'. The 'aunty' is like an assistant to the mother who helps her to look after the ten handicapped children of the house. They have small swimming pool, all children attend normal exercise. There is an orthopedic hospital nearby. All children attend normal schools. After SLC they attend campus for higher education. Some take vocational training to be independent.

Nepal is a member of world family. Red Cross society has now spread all over the world. Some 183 countries including Nepal have set up national branches of the Red Cross society in countries. Nepal Red Cross society has been very active in providing its services to the nearby people in Nepal. The Nepal Red Cross society has its headquarters at Kalimati in Kathmandu:

  1. It is providing food, clothes and money to the victims of natural calamities.
  2. It is helping to rehabilitate the refugees and victims of natural calamities.
  3. It is looking after the sick people by providing medical treatment and distributing medicines.
  4. It is running blood transfusion programmes by setting up blood rank and providing blood to the sik and needy people.
  5. It is running child health care and protection programmes.
  6. It is serving all human beings of the world regarding of their caste, color, sex and nationally.

Red Cross is the most widely expanded humanitarian organizations throughout the world. It was propounded by Sir Henry Dunant, during the course of its worldwide expansion; it was in Nepal in 2020 B.S as Nepal Red Cross society. It performs various functions. Among them any three are as follows:

  1. It provides food, clothes and money to these people who are affected by natural calamities.
  2. It runs programmes of providing medical service for sick people along with medical facilities.
  3. It conducts child welfare programmes.

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