Subject: Social Studies
Corruption is a serious social problem that Nepalese are facing. Corruption is defined as dishonesty, immoral and illegal behavior by people in positions of authority or power making money in a dishonest way. Embezzling money in public funds is corruption. It is also corruption to adopt an incompetent person to a post. Similarly using influence over others for getting something done is called corruption.
Corruption is rampant in our country. It is evident from the report of the Transparency International, an international non-governmental organization. Every year it publishes the corruption perception (CPI) about the situation of corruption in different countries. The index ranges from 0 to 10. Number 5 is the midpoint.
Worldwide CPI Ranking of Some Countries
|Rank||Countries||CPI score in 2011||CPI score in 2010|
The corruption of some countries is shown in the above table. The countries with figures above 5 have a low level of corruption. The corruption in those countries is not a serious matter. But the countries with the figures below 5 have high-level corruption. There is it a problem. They should fight corruption and try to abolish it. According to the above figures of 2010 AD, New Zealand has had least corruption. The country having most corruption was Haiti. In the context of Nepal, the corruption level is high. According to a national survey of 2004 AD, Nepal's first problem is corruption and the second problem is unemployment. Similarly, Denmark, Finland, and Singapore were other countries among the top- fives. Nepal was ranked in the 154th in the list. Its index remained 2.2 in both years. But its rank went down from 146th to 154th means corruption in Nepal is still going up, not falling down.
There are several causes of corruption in Nepal. The important causes are as follows:
The effects of corruption are always bad and harmful. Some of them are as follows:
The corruption perception index of Nepal is 2.5.
Nepal is 52nd country in corruption.
One example of corruption in Nepal is bribery.
One measure to control corruption is transparency in all governmental and non-governmental offices and organization.
In order to eliminate corruption, we should support the media by providing relevant information.
The Transparency International publishes the corruption perception index and reports about the status of corruption in every country annually.
Corruption is a main problem in our country. Government must take some immediate action to solve it. The causes of corruption in our countries are as follows:
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