Subject: Social Studies
The 19 day long Second People’s Movement in 2062/63 B.S. ended with achievement of Republic Democracy in Nepal. There were many political events that happened after that. There were many social and economic achievements. The first of it was equal and fair representation principle for any and all sectors. This meant that citizens from any backward community, from any area, speaking any language, of any gender, etc. were brought into the mainstream. Their participation was secured by putting an end to bias and discrimination.
Women, indigenous population, madhesis, dalits, people with disability or people from remote and backward areas were given rights and services according to percentage after the second People’s Movement. The quality of life of people increased due to development in education, employment, communications, transportation, etc. After the movement, the armed resistance was ended and peace was restored in Nepal. The developments of infrastructures were conducted easily after this. People were more aware of the political situations now. Corruption reduced and literacy rate increased to above 65%. People got access to basic health services.
People used to act fiercely in their political beliefs. Nowadays they put aside their political beliefs to strengthen the national unity and development. This has increased cooperation between citizens, increased harmonic relations, and increased helpfulness. This has helped in decreasing social evils and problems.
There were various economic achievements after the movement as well. Nepal started its time-centered development plans. Nepal is one of the fastest growing economies in Asia. Many opportunities have opened set for foreign investments. There have been agreements like Bilateral Investment Protection and Promotion Agreement (BIPPA), support grants, transit grants, etc. Poverty has decreased, but Nepal is still not self-sufficient in production and processing. The government’s priority is economic growth and self employment. Big projects of national pride have been started. Foreign employment is being managed, and this will strengthen the country’s economic condition.
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