Specialized Agencies of The UN

Subject: Social Studies

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Those agencies which are set up for a particular purpose or for a particular field are known as specialized agencies.The specialized agencies are working under the Economical and Social Council of the UN. This note has information about the specialized agencies of the UN.
Specialized Agencies of The UN

Those agencies which are set up for a particular purpose or for a particular field are known as specialized agencies.The specialized agencies are working under the Economical and Social Council of the UN.

Some of the specialized agencies of the UN are:

International Labor Organization (ILO):

The ILO was established on 11th April 1919. It was initially the agency of the League of Nations but it became the member of UN after it was established. Its headquarter is in Geneva, Switzerland.

Functions:

i. It works for the welfare of labors.

ii. It provides economic and social security to the labors.

iii. It helps in the formation of laws regarding the welfare of international labors.iv. It makes plans and policies for the betterment of the labors and tries to control child labor.

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Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)

It was established on 16th October 1945 and its headquarter is in Rome, Italy.

Functions:

i. It promotes food and agricultural products through effective measures.

ii. It helps in rural management to raise the living standard of people.

iii. It makes efforts to eliminate hunger throughout the world.

United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (UNESCO):

It was established on 4th November 1946 AD. Its headquarters is in Paris, France.

Functions:

i.It works for the preservation of cultural and natural heritages of the world.

ii. It tries to strengthen international cooperation and contribute to global peace and security.

World Health Organization (WHO):

It was established on 7th April 1948 and its headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland.

Functions:

i. It helps to improve the general health of the people around the world.

ii. It carries out researches regarding different diseases and in the field pf medical field.

iii. It provides vaccination to fight different epidemics and diseases in the world.

International Monetary Fund (IMF):

It is one of the specialized agencies of UN which was established on 27th December 1945 in Washington DC, USA.

Functions:

i. It helps to improve the world economy by providing financial supports.

ii. It provides a loan to the member nations to solve financial problems.

iii. It maintains a balance of payment in the world.

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD):

It is a part of World Bank Group and was established on 27th December 1945 A.D. and the headquarters is in Washington, US.

Functions:

i. It provides financial support to the members to raise their living standard.

ii. It tries to reduce poverty of member nations by providing a loan.

iii. It maintains financial stability in the world.

International Telecommunication Union (ITU):

It was established as the International Telegraph Union on May 17, 1856, in Paris. Its headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland.

Function

i. It harmonizes telecommunication services throughout the world.

ii. It helps to expand telecommunication in rural areas.

iii. It makes an environment between countries regarding international phone calls,

Universal Postal Union (UPU):

It was established on 8th October 1874 but it became a specialized agency of UNO on July 1, 1948, and the headquarters is in Bern, Switzerland.

Functions:

i. It develops postal facilities worldwide.

ii. It fixes postal rate for its member nations.

iii. It helps to find out the postal problems and recommend effective solutions.

International Maritime Organization (IMO):

It was established on 17th March 1958 with headquarters in London, UK.

Functions:

i. It works for the protection of sailors of the member nations.

ii. It promotes cooperation to improve maritime safety.

iii. It coordinates with member nations to reduce maritime pollution.

iv. It maintains cooperation regarding the use of international water resources.

United Nations Development Program (UNDP):

It was founded on 22nd November 1965 and has been working in 166 countries with its head office in New York, USA.

Functions:

i. It helps its member nations for poverty reduction.

ii. It helps to raise the living standard of the people by carrying out different development works.

iii. It builds solution regarding the burning issues of the world like environment conservation, energy conservation, and HIV-AIDS.

iv. It helps the member countries recover from an internal crisis.

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO):

It was formed on 1st January 1967 and its headquarters is in Vienna, Austria.

Functions:

i. It provides technical support for the industrial development of its member nations.

ii. It helps to develop mutual cooperation among the countries for industrial growth.

iii. It helps to build a good environment for trade and reduce poverty through productive methods.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO):

It was established on 26th April 1970 and its headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland.

Functions:

i. It protects intellectual property throughout the world.

ii. It signs different treaties regarding intellectual property protection.

iii. It is the contact point where copyrights, license are filed in multiple countries.

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD):

It was established on 30th November 1977 A.D. Its headquarters is in Rome, Italy.

Functions:

i. It encourages the developing countries to invest in agriculture.

ii. It brings modernization in agriculture replacing the traditional methods.

iii. It provides employment to the farmers and a guaranteed market for their product.

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO):

It was founded on 7th December 1944 A.D and was established on 4th April 1947 but it became the agency of the UN in December 1947 with headquarters in Montreal, Canada.

Functions

i. It sets the regulations for aviation safety and efficiency.

ii. It develops and saves international aviation.

iii. It provides obedience to international rules and cooperation in customs.

United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF):

It was founded on 11th December 1946 A.D. in New York, USA.

Functions:

i. It protects child rights as well as takes care of women.

ii. It improves the health of children and develops their skills.

iii. It conducts various programs regarding nutrition, primary health care, and vaccination.

iv. It protects children from being tortured or exploited.

Things to remember
  • Those agencies which are set up for a particular purpose or for a particular field are known as specialized agencies.
  • The specialized agencies are working under the Economical and Social Council of the UN.
  • ILO, WHO, UNESCO, FAO, UNDP, UNIDO, IMO, etc are some of the specialized agencies of UN.
  • UNDP was founded on  November 22, 1965, and has been working in 166 countries with its head office in New York, USA.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Specialized Agencies of The UN
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A Madagascar success story for the International Fund for Agricultural Development
IMF sees multi-speed recovery for global economy
International Civil Aviation Organisation introduces Runway Safety
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Launch of the International Year of Family Farming 2014
MaximsNewsNetwork: UNIDO CONFERENCE on INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT in VIENNA
New Business Models for Vaccines: Targeting Diseases in Low-income Countries
One Simple Solution - Trailer by UNDP
The History of UNESCO
The ILO and the Quest for Social Justice
UN Specialized Agencies | General Knowledge
UNICEF plans expansion of global vaccine programme
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
What is the ITU?
World Bank (IBRD) Investor Video: "Investing in Sustainability"
Questions and Answers

Veto power is a special power or authority given to the five permanent members of UNO which they can use to prevent taking any decision.
Three nations which have the right to use veto in the UNO are the USA, Britain and France.

The functions of International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Health Organization (WHO) are presented below.
International Monetary Fund (IMF):

  1. It helps the member countries to solve monetary problems, bring stability to the rate of exchange and provides loans for the developing countries.
  2. It deals with the unfair competition and create clean environment.

World Health Organization (WHO):

  1. The WHO provides services to its member countries for eradicating epidemics and other diseases and health-related training for health workers.
  2. It encourages research of medicines and creates healthy environment.

The Residential Representative,
United Nation Organization,
Pulchowk, Nepal
Sub: To provide help
Sir,
It is obvious that the Bhutanese refugees have been staying here. Many problems have
been created in social interaction, settlement and environment because of them. I would like to request to help to solve problem.
Pemba Lama
Thangpalkot V.D.C.,

Sindupalchowk
The full form of IUCN is the International Union for Conservation of Nature. It is commonly known as The World Conservation Union. It was established in 1948 to promote conservation of nature by using people's skills and proficiency.
The functions of the IUCN are given below:

  1. To conduct research programmes and to promote conservations of nature by using skills and proficiency of people.
  2. To formulate conservations strategies and implement them in the member nations.
  3. To encourage the member nations for assisting and aiding the support to the member states for the conservations of nature, etc.
UNO was established on 24th October, 1945 A.D. The purposes of its establishment were:

  1. To maintain international peace and security.
  2. To prevent future wars.
  3. To bring international co-operation in solving various problems.
  4. To develop friendly relations among nations.
  5. To promote respects for human rights.
Richer nations contribute economics help voluntarily for the UN programmes. From this amount, they help to social and economic development, to care for refugees, food and shelter for hungry and homeless, to support women and children and family planning, environment protection, to combat AIDS and prevention of drug abuse and girl trafficking and of crimes and terrorism. They also work for the preservation of human rights, democracy and justice all over the world.
The UN specialized and independent agencies work in collaboration with different organization of underdeveloped countries. More than eighteen United Nation Programmes and special agencies are working on different programmes in Nepal together with Nepali organization. Some of them are given below with their functions:

  1. UNDP: Small skills development programmes, village and town association programmes, local autonomous rule programmes, participatory district development programmes, poverty alleviation programmes.
  2. WHO: Village and town health programmes.
  3. UNICEF: Polio immunization, nutritious food programmes, women-child education programmes, etc.
  4. UNHCR: Rehabilitation of the refugees.
  5. FAO: Food for work programmes, agricultural programmes, vegetable, farming, programmes for women participation in agriculture.
  6. ILO: Programmes against child labor.
  7. UNFPA: Women development, child welfare programmes, distribution of means of family planning, raising awareness for family planning, etc.

The present world is getting highly advanced in the sector of science and technology but on the other hand, the earth is facing adverse effects in the sector of environment and climate. The miraculous advancement has been one-sided. In the latter years, climate of the earth is going unexpectedly unusual. Climate change is very harmful, state environmental degradation. It has affected the whole world. Below are the lists of its effects in the world-

  1. The climate change has caused an unusual global warming around the world.
  2. Climate change has alarmed in the side of strange diseases.
  3. Climate change causes the seasonal variation in the routine of rainfall.
Quiz

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