Subject: Social Studies
The number 66, with the blue plate and the flag of UNO, is the identification of the UN vehicle which might be on duty. UNO carry out various activities for the welfare of the people and the country in the world. It has been making several efforts for setting disputes around the world. 193 countries of the world are the member nations of UNO and have been employed about 65000 people under various programmes on education, health, children peace, control of fatal disease, rescue program on emergencies, etc. the UNO spends over 8 billion US $ annually in carrying out the various activities for the human welfare in the world.
The required fund for the organization has been collected from the following sources:
i) It receives a donation from the member nations ranging from 0.001% to 30% on the basis of their economic status.
ii) The rich countries voluntarily donate the UNO to carry out various programs under it.
iii) The USA, the developed North American country donates about 30% fund for the UNO for launching various human welfare programs.
The collected fund is spent for the following activities launched by the UNO for the welfare of the people and the country in the world:
i) To bring out various programs to promote the living standard of the people in the world.
ii) It improves socio-economic and political conditions of the member nations.
iii) It designs and carries out various activities to produce their international cooperation, peace, and harmony.
iv) It brings various plans and programs to eradicate various problems and evils prevailing in the world.
v) It has been conducting programs to empower women in the world.
vi)It works for the child rights, human rights, and brings various plans and policies to solve the problems faced by disabled, refugees etc.
vii) It has been working to protect and preserve the world natural and cultural heritages.
viii) It tries its best to preserve the environment from being polluted.
The specially trained and instructed task force which is sent to the war victim countries in the request of UNO to be a mediator between two rebels and to control the war temporarily is called Peace Keeping force. The peacekeeping force was established when Israel invaded Lebanon in 1978 A.D. The UN mobilizes the peacekeeping war victim nations in the world to maintain peace settling in the conflicts or disputes. The member nations of UNO can contribute by sending their national army and police to settle peace in war victim nations. Nepal also has been sending its troops as a peacekeeping force to Lebanon, Congo, Kosovo, Liberia, Haiti, Sudan, East Timor, etc.Recently the Nepalese peacekeeping force is working in Lebanon, Sudan, Haiti, and East Timor to settle the internal disputes of the nation.
The UN peacekeeping force works under the direction and command of the head of the peacekeeping mission who has been appointed by the UN general assembly. The peacekeeping force wears the UN blue beret and their own army uniform when they are on duty. They are provided special and tactful training before going to the war victim nations. They are provided with modern weapons but they cannot use the weapons against the fractions there. They have the authority to use the weapons only for self-protection if required.
i) It protects to both the warring factions from violent.
ii) It trains the national armies of the war victim nations.
iii) It helps for the construction of transport and other infrastructural development in the war victim nations.
iv) It helps to supply food items, medicines and other required relief packages to the people of the war victim nations.
v) It clears mines and ambush and makes safety for the local people.
vi) It supervises the local or national election and ensures the safety of the people in the election.
vii) It tries to maintain peace and order in the war victim nations through diplomatic efforts and negotiations.
Police, election experts, lawyers, Human rights monitors, legal experts, expert for clearing mines and ambush, interpreters expert, human resources for development and constructive works, etc.
Obviously, failure of the League of Nations results World War II by being unable to solve the disputes and the environment of war.
UNMIN is one of the target oriented missionary agencies under the UN in Nepal. This kind of missionaries is made by UN and work in the respective countries to basically maintain peace and security there. After the 12 year long armed Maoist revolution in 2063 this agency has been working in Nepal with extension of its duration for more than five times. According to its function, the following evaluation can be made:
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