Africa

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

Africa is the world's second largest continent. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria by population. This note has information about Africa, its political composition and physical division.

Africa

Africa is the world's second largest and second most popular continent. There are 53 countries, 12 territories and 4 autonomous regions in this continent. The Victoria Falls is in Africa, which is the World's most beautiful fall. Among the Mountains and Mountains ranges, Atlas is the largest mountain range and Ginsberg Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain.

There are several lakes like Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world, and the Lake Tanganyika, the world's second largest lake in terms of volume as well as the second deepest lake. Congo, Zambezi, Zaire, Nile, and Niger are the famous rivers of Africa.

Physical Division

The continent can be physically divided into three types, deserts, lowlands and highlands. The deserts are sandy and hot with temperatures very high all year long in some places. The lowlands are flats and the highlands are the areas which are tall and hilly.

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Climate and Vegetation

The climate of Africa ranges from tropical to subarctic on its highest peaks. Its northern half is primarily desert or arid while its central and southern areas contain both savanna plains and very dense jungle (rainforest) regions. In between, there is a convergence, where vegetation patterns such as Sahel and Steppe dominate. Africa is the hottest continent on earth and 60% of the entire land surface consists of dry lands and deserts like Sahara, Namibia and Kalahari.

Population

The continent has population with mostly dark skin tone due to the extreme hot climate. They have oily skins, broad lips and curly hairs. There are more than 800 tribes that reside here and each tribe has their own historical and cultural aspects. Most of the African countries are affected by misunderstandings, violence and civil wars. The area also has limited exposure to the developed world and natural disasters like famine and hunger are prevailing. The Nile River originates from Victoria Lake as White Nile and later turns into the Blue Nile after reaching Egypt. Due to the Nile River, the basin is very fertile and appropriate for agriculture. The Sudanese live in The North, Arab Masai in Central Africa, and Bushman in the Southern parts. The main export of the continent is coffee, animal products, doves, radium, uranium, gold, tropical fruits, etc.

 

Things to remember
  • Africa has 53 countries, 12 territories and 4 autonomous regions.
  • The world's most beautiful Victoria falls lies in Africa.
  • Mountains like Atlas, Ginsberg Kilimanjaro (highest mountain) and rivers like Congo, Zambezi, Zaire, Nile, and Niger are found in Africa.
  • Desert like Sahara, Namib and Kalahari are also found in Africa.
  • Mostly black people due to hot climate. They have oily skins, broad lips and curly hairs and are engaged in export of Coffee, animal products, doves, radium, uranium, gold, tropical fruits.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Africa
Africa's Physical Features Video #1
Geography Of Africa
Introduction, Location and Boundaries - Africa
Kingdoms of Africa - Zulu Kingdom
Questions and Answers

Some of the African nations and Nepal are economically and socially backward because there are not proper utilization of available resources because of deep rooted poverty and lack of awareness.

To tackle the similar problems of Nepal and Africa both of the countries have to utilize their available resources to their maximum extent for over all development.

A rift valley is formed by sinking of land between two regularly parallel faults. But the unusual thing of the Great Rift Valley is that it extends for thousands of km. In Africa, it extend from lake Malawi in the south to red sea in the south west Asia.

The largest desert is the Sahara desert and the longest river is River Nile, that lie in Africa.

The name of highest peak and main river of Africa are Mt. Kilimanjaro and Nile respectively.

The biggest desert of this continent is the Sahara. It covers almost all the North Africa that is nearly 1/5 of the continent.

There are no great mountains ranges but most of Africa is covered with plateaus. In the east there are valleys 7000m long and 3000m deep carved by volcanoes like Kilimanjaro (5895m). Mt. Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa. Atlas Mountain ranges from the southwest to northeast like our Himalayas. There is Drakensberg's mountain range extended in the south east. Nile River (6670m) originates from the Victoria Lake on the Zaire River valley. There is a tropical rain forest. North and south of equator are the savanna grasslands covering huge area..

African countries Kenya and Tanzania have generated enough revenue from national parks. Nepal also can develop tourism friendly infrastructures in such places where there are national parks and attract international tourists.

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