Subject: Social Studies
The people who travel or visits different new places for different purposes is called a tourist. They travel various place for various purposes that may be business, pleasure, adventure, to spend holidays, pilgrimage and many more. There are two types of tourists, they are:
The people who travel from one place to another within their own country for various purposes are called domestic or internal tourists. For example, if the student of Kathmandu is in Pokhara for their educational tour, they are called domestic tourists.
Those people who travel from one country to another for a certain period of time are called international or foreign tourist. International tourists need a visa to go from one country to another country.
(a) To enjoy during the holidays.
(b) To see and learn the lifestyle of other people.
(c) For pilgrimage.
(d) To visit famous places.
(e) To escape from severe climate.
The importance of tourism in Nepal are as follows:
(a) Source of foreign currencies:
Foreign currencies are very important for the country and tourism is the main source of foreign currency of Nepal. Nepal exports very few and cheap goods to other country and imports several goods. If Nepal can earn more foreign currencies it can uplift its economic status at large extent.
(b) Support cottage and handicraft industries:
When a foreign tourist visits Nepal, they are attracted towards the handicrafts products they are manufactured in typical Nepali style using local raw materials which support cottage and handicrafts industries.
(c) Development of physical infrastructures:
Conceptualization of Metro in Nepal.
Tourism helps to develop the physical infrastructures of the nation. To provide proper accommodation to the tourist government are concentrated to develop physical infrastructures. Thus, physical infrastructures are ultimately developed.
(d)Conservation of arts and culture:
Tourists are attracted towards our arts, culture, traditions, historical sites, monuments, etc. which ultimately helps to preserve arts and culture.
(e) Increase in trade:
When tourists are interested in the different Nepalese product, they demand such goods in their own country as well which help to develop international trade.
(f) Publicity of Nepal to the world:
With the help of tourism, Nepal has become famous in the world for its natural beauty. When more tourist visits our country diplomatic relation will be established with other countries. There will be more demand for Nepalese product in the world market.
Problems created by tourist industry:
The tourism industry is very important for the developing country like Nepal but it has created some problems as well. Some of the problems created by tourism are as follows:
a. Increase pollution:
When more tourists come to Nepal, they also tend to increase the pollution. Especially when they go for trekking, they take tents along with packed food and cans. After having the food, they throw the plastics and other rubbish which increases pollution.
b. Diseases and drugs:
A tourist who visits Nepal might be suffering from several diseases and that gets spread through various means. Some of them also use drugs. They might sell drugs in our country.
Nepalese youth may also copy their habits too.
c. Effect in local culture:
Tourist is from different countries with different cultures. There are such things in their culture which are not suitable for us. Due to the influence of western culture, Local culture disappears.
d. Environmental effect:
Due to more flow of tourists, deforestation takes place. Wildlife is disturbed and it may cause extinction and antique things may disappear. At the same time, tourists prefer foreign goods rather than our local products. So most of our currencies go to the foreign countries.
A tourist is anyone who travels from home to somewhere new, usually for leisure, and to be in a different situation but also for business or to a conference.
Six percent of the national income is derived from the tourism in Nepal.
People who move from their own country to another country are called international tourists. When a British or a German or Japanese come to Nepal, such a person is called international tourist.
Yes, I have met many tourist moving across the Hanuman Dhoka Durbar square and Pokhara. They were taking photographs and observing historical and archeological Hanuman Dhoka Durbar square. Some seemed to be taking rest in restaurant.
The five positive impacts of tourist coming in Nepal are:
"A Preparation to Move Astronauts to the Mars"
European Space Agency (ESA) has discovered the very important fact and published on June 19, 2007. As ESA has informed that the six astronauts will be sent to the Mars in the first phase. Among them, there will be four Russians and two Europeans. It will take 250 days to reach in the mars and 240 days to return back. But the distance is the same i.e. five cores and 60 lakhs. The astronauts will stay thirty days in the Mars. The spacecrafts are being prepared in Moscow. The areas of the aircraft are 550m2 where 6 astronauts will have to spend 520 days.
On an outlook of physical and religious aspects, Nepal is an incomparable country in the world. The teeth shaped mountain mighty and magnificent mountains ranges are in the north. Some of the highest mountain peaks including the world's highest and third highest Mt. lie in these ranges. The lofty grassland on the foot adds the beauty of Himalayas. The laughing streams, fast flowing rivers, lakes, world's deepest Georges and the world's deepest valley also lure tourist. Panoramic views river basins, cave, caverns and lakes of hilly region equally spellbound the tourist.
Nepalese architectures are said to be matchless in the world. The majority of the pilgrimages such as temples, shrines monasteries located in towns and cities and a few of them lie far in remote hilly areas like Gosainkunda, TatoPani, Muktinath, etc. tourists can come to see, worship and enjoy in these places. This way Nepal has a great potentiality of tourism development.
Tourism industry in a broader sense refers to the aspect of tourism in which a total related people perform various tourist targeted service and activities like lodging, fooding various sorts of entertainment, trekking, camping through hotels, lodges, travels agencies, airlines, etc.
Various landmarks in various countries throughout the world have peculiar natural beauties, geographical surprises, and uniqueness. All these things provoke people to visit and enjoy those places. Nepal is one of the most potential destination site for any tourists of the world which can provide extreme satisfaction and pleasure enriched with glorious tall Himalayas, panoramic views and sight-seeing, lakes, valleys, trekking sites. A country almost unknown to most of the people of the world, which is landlocked and slow pacing in development, can make an extreme turnover from tourism. It can infact, become as only glorious reason of resource to change the destiny of our people and the country. But we have lots of problems behind. The importance of tourism can be enlisted below:
Nepal underwent with serious political instabilities during 2052-62. The civil war during this period thrashed peace, order and its images around the world. Nepal's the most reliable source of economy is tourism. It can be supportive for our prosperity and unity. To promote the tourism Nepal Government officially announced the year 2011 was declared with a special opening ceremony at the Dashrath stadium by President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav. Since then many formal and informal ceremonies have been held at various places. It had announced with aggressive target of welcoming about 10 lakes of tourists in Nepal within 2011.
Nepal is a landlocked country and economically far back warded. Tourism is the greatest hope, expectations for the promotions of our country. The importance are as follows:
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