Civic Sense

Subject: Social Studies

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Lesson Info

  • Notes 11
  • Videos 47
  • Exercises 97
  • Practice Test 56
  • Skill Level Medium


After complete this lesson, student must be able to:
  • Describe the criteria to be a candidate of legislative parliament.
  • Describe the importance of executive and Judiciary.
  • Explain the types and definition of constitutional organs.
  • Describe objectives of political parties.
  • Explain the general election process.
  • List the articles in the universal declarations of human rights and its historical background.
  • Define an issues of national concerns.
  • Describe the measures to promote national integrity.


Political Parties

A group of organized people with the same political aim, ideology, objective, and program are called political parties. This note has information about the type of political parties, its role and objectives.

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Human Rights and National and International Agencies

Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of their age, sex, nationality, etc. This note has information about human rights.

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Subjects of National Concern

Those matters connected with a state which all the citizens of the state need to understand and follow are called national concerns. There are 3 issues of national concerns, they are national integrity, broader encroachment and self-esteem/self-respect. This note has information about national concern. Learn More

Roles of Citizen in an Election

Every citizen has to play a significant role to conduct a systematic, fair and free election in the democratic process. The citizen should have to pay attention to their responsibility towards an election. This note has information about the role of a citizen in an election.

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Constitutional Organs

The arranged institutions made in the constitution of a country in order to carry out additional functions are called constitutional organs. This note has information about the constitutional organs.

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Executive is an important organ of the government that is responsible for putting the laws and order into effects. It is also known as Council of Ministers or cabinet or government. This note has information on executive.

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Judiciary is an independent, highly honorable and impartial organ of government which applies and explains the laws formulated by legislature and enforced by the executive. This note has information on judiciary and its types.

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Election Process

Election is a democratic process in which the eligible citizens (18 years of age) of a country choose a person or member or representative for national and local level. This note has information about general election process.

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Other Constitutional Organs

  • Part 27 of the Nepal Constitution has defined 7 constitutional organs.
  • This includes National Women Commission, National Dalit Commission, National Inclusion Commission, Indigenous Nationalities Commission, Madhesi Commission, Tharu Commission, and Muslim Commission.
  • The functions and duties of the these organs are to conduct study and research works for the protection of the rights and interests of their respective affiliations.
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Women and Indigenous Population Related Rights

  • More than half of Nepal’s population is represented by women.
  • Women empowerment is impossible without defining women rights first.
  • Nepal Constitution defines various laws, rights and other factors.
  • Build a cooperative society which is equal, inclusive and involved by all members.
  • End gender inequality.
  • Citizenship obtainable from mother’s name as well.
  • Give women rights in safe maternal and reproductive health.
  • Involvement of women in every sector of the government by equal and inclusive format.
  • Nepal is a multi-languaged and multi-ethnic country.
  • More than 125 indigenous cultures live here.
  • 59 of these indigenous cultural groups have been further classified as tribal groups.
  • The establishment of Indigenous Nationalities Act, 2058 Section 1 Subsection 2 has been formulated.
  • Establishing the Nepal Indigenous Commission.
  • Availability of education in mother tongue up to the primary level.
  • Involvement in various institutions of the state for equal access and opportunity to indigenous participants.
  • Curriculum, text books and educational materials as well as teachers management to teach in mother tongue.
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Citizen Identification and Citizenship


  • The proof that a country gives its citizens their identification is Citizenship. This is also the constitutional basis as well. Nationality and Citizenship are different things.
  • Citizenship is obtained by being a resident in a country, but nationality remains even if one resides abroad.
  • Citizenship is temporary and can be abandoned, but nationality is permanent and cannot be abandoned.
  • Provisions for obtaining a citizenship in Nepal Constitution are Descendent Citizenship, Naturalized Citizenship, Honorary Citizenship, Non-residential Citizenship.


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