Gravitational Field

Subject: Science

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Overview

When a unit mass experience a force within a gravitational field then, the force is called gravitational field intensity. This note has brief explanation of gravitational field and its intensity.
Gravitational Field

TheGravitational field is the space around the planet up to where the effect of gravity can be felt.

Gravitational field Intensity (I)

It is the force experienced by a unit mass of an object, within the gravitational field. Its SI unit is N/kg

The gravitational field intensity is calculated by using following formula:

If the object is on the surface I =

If the object is at height H =

If the object is at certain distance d =

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Neutral point

They are the points which border the space with the gravitational field.Neutral points are those points in the space at where the gravitational field intensity is zero.The artificial satellites which have launched from the earth generally revolve around the neutral points.

Things to remember
  • Gravitational field is the space around the planet up to where the effect of gravity can be felt.
  • When a unit mass experience a force within a gravitational field then, the force is called gravitational field intensity.
  • The place which is the border between the gravitational field and space is called neutral point.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Gravitational Field
Gravitaional Field and its Intensity
Gravitational Field Strength
Questions and Answers
The space around a planet where the gravity of the planet has its influence on an object is gravitational field.
The gravitational field depends on the mass of the planet.
The gravitational field intensity of the planet or a satellite is defined as the gravity that applies to an object of unit mass at a point within its gravitational field.
Gravitational field intensity is measured in N/Kg unit.

Let,
The gravitational field intensity of the earth = E1
The gravitational field intensity of the earth when it is squeezed to the size of the moon = E2
Radius of the earth (R1)= 63.8 × 105 m
Radius of the moon (R2)= 1.7 × 106 m
We have, \

or,

or,

or,

or,

or,

or,

or,E2 = 14.08 E1

Thus, the gravitational field intensity of the earth will increase by about 14 times, if it is squeezed to the size of the moon.

The space around a planet where the gravity of the planet has its influence on an object is the gravitational field.

The gravitational field intensity at a point in a gravitational field is defined as force experienced by unit mass placed at that point.
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