Alcohol is defined as an organic compound containing the hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to a saturated carbon atom or a hydrocarbon radical.
Methyl alcohol is the 1st member of monohybrid alcohol. It is prepared in the industrial scale from methane obtained from natural gas.
The following are the uses of ethanol:
i. It is used as solvent for paints, varnishes, fats, oil, etc.
ii. It is used in making dyes, drugs, perfumes and synthetic fibers.
iii. It is used in alcoholic drinks.
iv. It is used in preparation of organic compounds like ether, chloroform and iodoform.
v. It is used in low temperature thermometer.
vi. It is used as an antiseptic to sterilize wounds and syringes in hospitals and dispensaries.
The two chemical properties of alcohol are as follows:
1) Alcohol burns with blue flame generating a lot of heat.
2) Alcohol react with sodium or potassium to form ethoxide.
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