Size of Population

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Overview

Size of population means number or quantity to have less or more population at a certain place, at a certain time. This note reveals facts on the study of population.
Size of Population

Size of population means number or quantity to have less or more population of a certain place, at a certain time. Size of population is always changing.

Benefits of size of population
  1. It helps to make planning.
  2. It helps to maintain balance between population and expenses.
  3. It helps for proportional development.
  4. It also helps for grand local participation.

Position of world population

  1. During the time of Jesus Christ the population was 25 million.
  2. During the period of agrarian society population was only 15 million.
  3. In the beginning of Roman imperialism, the population was 250 million.
  4. Population in 1930 was 2 billion.
  5. Population in 1975 was 4 billion.
  6. On 11 July 1999, the population was 6 billion. So,every year on 11 July,'Six Billion Day' is celebrated.

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Population growth rate

Population growth rate means increase in total number of population by birth and net migration. It is calculated in percentage. Nepal's population growth rate is 1.35%. It means the population is increasingat the rate of 1.35 .

Causes of population growth in Nepal
  • Early marriage
  • Polygamy
  • High infant mortality rate
  • Desire of son
  • Ignorance
  • Economic importance of children
  • Desire of large children
  • Lack of population education
Population growth rate between 1911-2001
Year (in AD) Population Intercensal changing

in population

Population Growth (%) Average Annual

Growth Rate (%)

Doubling

Time (Year)

1911 56,38,749 ----------- ---------- --------------- ---------
1920 55,73,788 - 64,961 (-)0.2 (-) 0.13 ----
1930 55,32,574 -41,214 (-)0.70 (-)0.07 -----
1941 62,83,649 7,51,057 13.60 1.16 60.00
1952-1954 82,56,625 19,72,976 34.90 2.33 131.00
1961 94,12,996 11,56,371 11.10 1.65 42.00
1971 1,15,55,983 21,42,987 22.80 2.07 34.00
1981 1,50,22,839 34,66,856 30.00 2.66 26.00
1991 1,84,01,097 34,68,258 22.89 2.10 33.00
2001 2,31,51,423 46,60,326 25.20 2.24 31.25
Reason of decrement of population growth in the census of 2011:

In the last census, population growth rate was 2.25 . But it is decreased by 1.2% because of following reasons:

  1. Foreign employment service: More than 20 lakhs people are in abroad.
  2. Awareness
  3. Right age at marriage
  4. Gender equality
Reasons of decrement of population from 1911 to 1930:
  • Unscientific census
  • Death by disease
  • Death of soldiers in first world war
  • Death by natural calamities
Things to remember
  • Size of population means number or quantity to have less or more population at a certain place, at a certain time.
  • On 11 July 1999, the population was 6 billion. So, every year on 11 July,'Six Billion Day' is celebrated.
  • Nepal's population growth rate is 1.35%.
  • The causes of population growth in Nepal are early marriage, polygamy,desire of son, ignorance, economic importance of children, lack of population education, etc.
  • Reasons of decrement of population during 1911 to 1930 are unscientific census, death due to diseases, death of soldiers in first world war and death by natural calamities.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Size of Population
Human Population Growth
7 Billion, National Geographic Magazine
Census - Counting the World
Nepal Population & Housing Census 2011
Nepal Population & Housing Census 2011 - part1 with telops
Nepal Population & Housing Census 2011 - part3 with telops
Nepali Women
Population, Health, and Environment in Nepal
What causes population to increase or decrease?
Questions and Answers
The size of population means the totality of all people in a certain area at certain time.

Population growth rate more than two percent is defined as rapid population growth. In Nepal, population growth rate is always more than two and at present, it is accounted as 2.24 percent per annum. These two statistics show that the growth rate of population is in increasing rate. This is probably due to rapid decrease on mortality , slow declination of facilities and increase in natural disasters. Due to all these reasons, we are having the problem of rapid population growth.
The rapid growth of population is due to the high fertility. To reduce fertility, there are two ways: one is direct and another is indirect.
In direct way, we can delay for marriage, use contraceptives and force for birth control. Besides these, we can go through indirect ways which reduce fertility by changing behavior and mortality. For example, education reduces family size. Similarly, knowledge, communication and urbanization also reduce the number of children.

Population growth rate means increase in total number of population by birth and net migration. The four causes of population growth in Nepal are:

  • Early marriage
  • High infant mortality rate
  • Ignorance
  • Economic importance of children

In Nepal, there is a tendency in a family to have a son. Our social values encourage families to have at least a son to continue their family tree. Son is also important for a family as he will be the caretaker of the parents during their old age. With these ideas, people tend to produce children until they have a son, no matter how many girl child they produce. If one partner cannot give them a son then they will remarry leading to polygamy.

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