Migration is affected by various factors like age, sex, marital status, education, occupation, employment, etc.
Some of the factors affecting migration are as follows: -
Age and sex are main demographic factors that affect the migration. They are described as follows: -
Social factors can be other factors that influence the migration. Social and political factors like marital status, political violence, facilities, and relatives are dealt here.
Occupation is the main economic factor of migration. It is described as follows: -
Occupation: People have to leave their home and migrate to other places for a new occupation and employment purposes. Mostly people from remote areas come to industrial and urban areas in search of work. Similarly, people try their luck for employment opportunities in foreign countries.
Push factors of migration are those factors that force an individual to leave the place of origin. They are the disadvantages of particular place or restrictions in the place in which people are living.
Some of the examples of push factors are as follows: -
Pull factors of migration are those factors that attract an individual in a new place. They are the advantages of the particular place or the benefits that attract the people.
Some of the examples of pull factors are as follows: -
Migration refers to the movement of the people involving a change of residence from one place to another. The movement affects the structure, composition and the growth of population in a country. Migration is one of the important aspects in the study of population.
Migration affects both the place of origin and the place of destination on the various aspects such as environmental aspects, economic aspects, health and social aspects.
Migration of people has the direct effect on both, the place of origin and the place of destination. Problems like settlement, over-exploitation of resources, and the pollution of different kinds will be visible. The forest resources are destroyed for various reasons. Forestlands are cleared for cultivation. The problems of flood, landslides, soil erosion, drought and climatic changes are the consequences of migration.
The consequence on the place of origin will be a loss of economically active groups of the population. There will be less competition for jobs and less pressure on supplies. The agricultural production will be reduced due to the lack of workers in the field. When agricultural production is reduced, problems of food and nutrition, starvation and even famine may result.
The places of destination are normally those places where facilities are made available to a limited extent so as to fulfill the needs of the native dwellers. However, the places overcrowd with the constant flow of migrants, and facilities and other needs become insufficient. The environment pollutes with dirt and sewage. The sanitary conditions become unsafe. The air and drinking water pollutes. Thus, air and water-borne diseases spread in the form of several communicable diseases.
Migration is a form of geographic or spatial movement involving change of usual residence between clearly defined geographic units. Some change of residence are temporary and do not involve change in usual residence. These are usually excluded from migration. They include brief excursion for visiting vacation or business purpose, even across national boundaries. Other changes of residence although permanent but short distance movement and hence, are also excluded from migration.
The effects of migration in the place of destination are given below:
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