Needs of Conservation of Biodiversity

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Overview

Biodiversity conservation is the conservation of all living beings. This conservation includes the conservation of their habitat, heredity and ecosystem. This note has information on needs of conservation of biodiversity.
Needs of Conservation of Biodiversity

Biodiversity conservation is the conservation of all living beings. This conservation includes the conservation of their habitat, heredity and ecosystem. It will increase their number and quality. Favourable environment is necessary for it.

The needs of conservation of biodiversity are as follows: -

  1. Protection of existence of living beings

    There are innumerable living beings on the earth. In Nepal, animals and birds of one geographical region are different from those in another. They are important wealth of nature. So, it is duty of people to protect them. Conservation of biodiversity is necessary to ensure their existence and improve their heredity. Conservation of biodiversity is essential for future generation.

  2. Sustainability of resources

    Biodiversity is the source of products from agriculture animals and medicinal herbs. People get the things, which are necessary for the life. It is difficult to survive without these things. Therefore, it is necessary to make a rational use of biodiversity with its proper conservation.

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  3. Promotion of natural scene

    Vegetation, animals, birds and other creatures have ornamented land topography. People do not have to spend money to build natural scene but they can utilize the natural gift by conserving it. It helps the development of tourism. Economic development of the country can be achieved by developing and making the proper management of biodiversity.

  4. Balance in natural process

    Activities like birth and death of living beings, their decomposition are going on in the natural way in the ecosystem. Animals and plants help in the operation of these activities. Human life, too, is associated with natural activities. If biodiversity is not conserved, there will be adverse effect on the natural process as well as living beings. On the contrary, the conservation of biodiversity contributed to the smooth operation of the natural process.

  5. Socio-economic development

    Biodiversity provides materials that are used for different purposes like food, clothes, industry, etc. These materials can be used for economic and social development.

  6. Study and research area

    Biodiversity is a wide area for study and research. Natural resources and organisms should be discovered and studied. The findings of research can be used for the welfare of human beings. Biodiversity conservation will help to develop the existence of living beings including man.

Things to remember
  • Vegetation, animals, birds and other creatures have ornamented land topography.
  • Biodiversity is the source of products from agriculture animals and medicinal herbs.
  • Biodiversity provides materials that are used for different purposes like food, clothes, industry, etc.
  • Biodiversity conservation will help to develop the existence of living beings including man.
  • It is necessary to make a rational use of biodiversity with its proper conservation.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

The main reason for conservation of bio-diversity is to conserve and increase genetic spices.

To maintain balance in ecosystem is a reason for preservation of biodiversity.

The conservation of bio-diversity means the conservation of whole biome. There must be conservation of their required shelter and their gene quality. We should conserve bio-diversity:

  • To promote natural scenes : As we all know that the variety of animals and plants create a beautiful landscape, it has a great importance to human being but such gift of nature should be given proper conservation by its proper use. For this, the biodiversity should be conserved.
  • For economic and social development: The flora and fauna of the environment are the sources of various productions. Animals and plants can be the good source of income.
  • To balance the natural process: The activities in natural ecosystem such as the birth and death of creatures, destruction, rotting are running. The plants, birds and animals, micro-organism have helped in automatic running of these activities. If conservation of biodiversity is not made all, the organism will be affected by the adverse effect of the natural process.

The natural resources are anything that can be obtained from the physical environment. The renewable resources can be produced more but non-renewable resources are very limited in number. If there is any deterioration in either aspect of the environment, the ecosystem will adversely be affected. The sustainable use of resources means to use them in conservation basis so that they will not deplete following tips help to conserve the resources and use them sustainable basis.

  • Use the perpetual resources more.
  • Produce the renewable resources more.
  • Use alternative resources of energy.
  • Reuse and recycle of non-renewable resources.

The five reasons which justify the need of biodiversity conservation are:
a. Biodiversity needs to be conserved for maintaining balance in the natural process of water cycle, temperature and climate regulation and growth of different types of animals and plants.
b. Biodiversity when preserved maintains the natural scene that can be use for scenery, tourism, recreation etc.
c. Innumerable research activities are possible on biodiversity. Such research activities are part of human life.
d. Conservation of biodiversity helps to maintain existence of living beings in nature. It also saves valuable resources for future generation.
e. Biodiversity is to be protected for breeding of improve varieties of agricultural crops and animals.

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