Conservation of Rare Plants

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Overview

Plants are used by human as fuel, wood, food, medicine, timber and for industrial and other purposes. This note has information about the conservation of rare plants of Nepal.
Conservation of Rare Plants

Plants are used by human as fuel, wood, food, medicine, timber and for industrial and other purposes. The loss of habitats due to the change of ecosystem and negative effect on natural environment are also factors affecting lives of plants.

The following methods should be adhere to conserve rare plants and trees: -

1. Proper collection of forest products

People living in rural area use firewood as a main fuel. They collect forest products like dead plants, leaves and young plants for different purposes. They destroy the young plants and vegetation. They should be managed properly at the collection of forest products.

2. Control of fire on forest

The natural habitat of plants should not be destroyed. Preventive measures should be undertaken to avoid fire, especially forest fire. It destroys young plants and even old rare plants. It also destroys the seeds and seedlings of rare plants. The control of fire contributes to protect the forests and rare plants.

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3. Proper harvesting of raw materials

The collection of forest products like wood, resin, gum, herbs, etc. should be reduced so that the renewal capacities are not disturbed. Seed collections should be regularized for the regeneration of rare plants. The harvesting of rare materials should be controlled and frequently checked. The illegal collection of raw material should be controlled.

4. Protection of natural habitat

The natural environment should be conserved by preserving the natural aspects like forests, rivers and streams, watersheds, grazing lands, etc. It is essential for the conservation of plants. The causes of destruction of natural habitat are haphazard collection of forests products, over-grazing, clearing the forest and fire on forest. The control and proper management of these activities helps to control the natural habitat.

5. Reduction of over-grazing

In rural area, farmers allow their cattle to graze in the forest and pasture. The cattle destroy the young and rare plants. The people should be aware about the effects of over-grazing. They should be encouraged for the growing of fodder trees in the agricultural land also.

6. Establishment of nursery

The numbers of plants are essential to conserve the rare plants. Nursery can contribute to grow and produce their seeds and seedlings. The rare plants should be produced and grown at suitable site and conserved properly. The local people should be motivated for tree plantation and establishment of nursery.

7. Conservation law

Legal measures for the conservation of rare plants should be considered strictly. There should be special law for the conservation of rare plants. The law should be implemented with local level.

8. Awareness programmes

The programmes of public awareness development and educational activities should be regular feature of the concerned agencies to conserve rare and other plants. Public awareness programmes should focus on the importance of rare plants, measures should be adopted for their conservation, commitment of public participation, etc.

Things to remember
  • Plants are used by human as fuel, wood, food, medicine, timber and for industrial and other purposes.
  • The natural habitat of plants should not be destroyed.
  • The collection of forest products like wood, resin, gum, herbs, etc. should be reduced so that the renewal capacities are not disturbed.
  • Legal measures for the conservation of rare plants should be considered strictly.
  • Public awareness programmes should focus on the importance of rare plants, measures should be adopted for their conservation, commitment of public participation, etc.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

The natural environment should be conserved by preserving the natural aspects like forests, rivers and streams, watersheds, grazing lands etc. It is essential for the conservation of plants. The causes of destruction of natural habitat are haphazard collection of forests products, over-grazing, clearing the forest and fire on forest. The control and proper management of these activities help to control the natural habitat.

The programmes of public awareness development and educational activities should be regular feature of the concerned agencies to conserve rare and other plants. Public awareness programmes should focus on the importance of rare plants as well as the measures to be adopted for their conservation and commitment of public participation.

The collection of forest products like wood, resin, gum, herbs, etc. should be reduced so that the renewal capacities are not disturbed. Seed collections should be regularized for the regeneration of rare plants. The harvesting of rare materials should be controlled and frequently checked. The illegal collection of raw material should be controlled.

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