Transformations

Subject: English

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Overview

Transformation is changing the form of a sentence without changing its meaning. This note include general roles of transforming.
Transformations

Transformation is changing the form of a sentence without changing its meaning.A brief direction about doing transformation is given below.

Sentences in the form Interrogative, Affirmative and Negative

Interogative Affirmative Negative
Does he sing a song? He sings a song. He does not sing a song.
Does he play football? He plays football. He does not play football.
Can he drive a bus? He can drive a bus. He cannot drive a bus.

Did Anu write some poems?

Anu wrote some poems.

Anu did not write any poems.

Note:

  • If there is an auxiliary verb in a sentence, do not change the form of a main verb while transforming a sentence.
  • If there is not an auxiliary verb in a sentence, always change the forms of verb when we add or remove did/does to transform sentence.

Structure for sentences with auxiliary verb:

Sub+ aux+ verb+.................(affirmative) - He should inform to the police

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Sub+ aux+ not+ verb+........(negative) - He should not inform to the police

Sub+ sub+ verb+..................?(interrogative) - Should he inform to the police?

Structure for sentences without auxiliary verb:

Sub+ main verb+.................. ..... (affirmative)

Sub+ do/did/does+ not+verb(1)..........(negative)

Do/does/Did+sub+verb(1)............?(interrogative)

  • Use do not or do if there is a V1.
  • Use does not or does if there is a V5.
  • Use did not or did if there is a V2.

General rules:

  1. We usually change affirmative imperatives into negative as follows:
  • Verb+...........
  • Do not+verb+.......
  • Let+ object+ verb+.....
  • Let+ object+not+ verb+.....
  1. These words change while transforming sentences.
  • Some- any
  • and so- and neither
  • already- yet
  • too- either
  • a lot of- much/many
  1. Only changing the following words, we can change the sentences into negative.
  • always - never
  • either...or... - neither...nor..
  • some - no
  • some of/any of- none of

Things to remember
  • Transformation is changing the form of a sentence without changing its meaning.
  • If there is an auxiliary verb in a sentence, do not change the form of a main verb while transforming a sentence.
  • If there is not an auxiliary verb in a sentence, always change the forms of verb when we add or remove did/does to transform sentence.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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