Financial Institutions

Subject: Accountancy

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Lesson Info

  • Notes 12
  • Videos 1
  • Exercises 79
  • Practice Test 64
  • Skill Level Medium


Financial Institutions


Financial Institution

A financial institution is a banking or non-banking institution established under the certain act to contribute for the economic development by collecting the funds & investing in various productive sectors. This note has information about financial institutions and its types. Learn More

Central Bank

The central bank is the apex bank in a country. The central bank is a supreme banking institution which involves in controlling, supervising and regulating the activities of the commercial bank and other financial institutions. This note has information about central bank and its functions. Learn More

Commercial Bank

A commercial bank is regarded as the eldest financial institution in the history of banking. The bank, which is established to promote the trade and industry in the country, is called a commercial bank. This note has information about commercial bank and its functions. Learn More

Development Bank

The bank which facilitates the economic sectors such as industrial, agricultural, rural, etc. by providing capital and technical assistance for their development is known as a development bank. The oldest development bank named Societe Generale de Belgique was established in 1822 AD in Belgium. Learn More

Types of Development Bank

In Nepal, development banks are established under the provision of Development Bank Act, 2052. Nepal Industrial Development Corporation (NIDC), Agriculture Development Bank Ltd., Rural Development Bank and a number of private development banks have already been established as development banks in Nepal under this Act. This note has information about the types of development banks. Learn More


A cheque is an important means of payment. It is used for paying a large sum of money. A cheque is an unconditional order drawn upon a specified banker signed by the maker. This note has information about cheque, its characteristics and its types. Learn More

Rules of Issuing a Cheque

If the drawer makes the cheque properly and if the balance of the drawer at the bank permits, the bank must pay the amount of cheque as soon as it is presented. If the drawer does not make the cheque properly, the bank rejects payment. This note has information about rules of issuing a cheque. Learn More


Insurance is a way, which provides security to the man and his property against the risk and uncertainty. It is the cooperative method of distributing the risk of an individual caused by death, fire, accident etc. over a large number of individuals in exchange for a regular contribution called premium. This note has information about insurance. Learn More

Life Insurance

Life insurance is one of the common forms of insurance. Life insurance is the contract in which the insured agrees to pay the premium to the insurer against which the insurer promises to compensate the insured a sum of money on the happening of an event. This note has information about life insurance and its types. Learn More

Non-life Insurance

Non- life insurance refers to the insurance of goods and properties. The insurance which is done for the physical properties other than human life is known as non-life insurance. Non-life or general insurance includes fire insurance, marine insurance and miscellaneous insurance. This note has information about non-life insurance and its types. Learn More

Advantages and Disadvantages of Insurance

Insurance provides benefits as well as a disadvantage to an individual, family, businessman as well as a society. This note has information about advantages and disadvantages of insurance. Learn More

Investment Funds

Employees’ Provident Fund is the amount collected by deducting from the salary of permanent employee of government offices, company and corporations. This note has information about various investment funds. Learn More

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