Subject: Compulsory English
Full Marks: 75
Time: 2:15 hrs
*Candidates are required to answer in their own words as far as practicable. Credit will be given to originality, not to rote-learning.
1. Read the following text and answer the questions that follow. 
Prodip Pal could not remember how many generations of lotuses had bloomed in the pond. Once he was a prosperous farmer. He had six acres of land with many granaries full of rice and was able to give generous dowries to his daughter and divide equal share of the land among his four sons. He had never expected those ironies of fate.
Nearly all the inhabitants of Bankuli had been compelled at some time or other to call on the Mahajan. He was the key person in the village. He was its banker, its moneylender, its pawnbroker and, very often, its vampire. By mortgaging the family field, Prodip obtained a loan of four hundred pounds of rice on the condition that he would return six hundred pounds after the harvest.
By this time poverty had really begun to strangle the Pals. Bad weather added to their plight. One night in April, a storm brought down all the mangoes and coconuts. Consequently, they had to sell the buffalo and Rani, the cow. Rani obviously did not want to leave; she strained at her rope with all her might uttering the most heart-reading bellows. No one could fail to read in her reaction a bad omen, a sign that Radha, beloved of cowherd god Krishna, was angry.
A. Complete the following sentences by choosing best answers. [3×1=3]
a. The Mahajan used to…………….. the villagers.
b. Prodip Pal promised to return……………. amount of rice to the Mahajan.
c. The word “strangle” in the above text means:
B. Rewrite the following sentences in the correct order. [4×0.5=2]
C. Answer the following questions. [5×1=5]
2. Read the following poem carefully and answer the question below: 
Stopping By the Woods on a Snowy Evening
Whose wood these are I think I know
His house is in the village though
He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow.
My little horse must think it queer
To stop without a farmhouse near
Between the wood and frozen lake
The darkest evening of the year.
He gives his harness bells a shake
To ask if there is some mistake.
The only other sound’s the sweep
Of easy wind and downy flake.
The woods are lovely dark and deep
But I have promises to keep
And miles to go before I sleep
And miles to go before I sleep
- Robert Frost
A. Answer these questions in a sentence each. [3×1=3]
B. Write words from the poem, which are closest in meaning to the following: [4×0.5=2]
3. Read the following passage carefully and do the activities that follow: 
Jiddu Krishnamurti was born in India in 1895 and, at the age of thirteen he was taken by the theosophical society, which considered him to be the vehicle for the “world teacher” whose advent it had been proclaiming. Krishnamurti was soon to emerge as a powerful, uncompromising, and unclassifiable teacher, whose talks and writing were not linked to any specific religion and were neither of the East nor of the West but for the whole world. Firmly repudiating the messianic image, in 1929 he dramatically dissolved the large and moneyed organization that had been built around him and declared truth to be ‘a pathless land’, which could not be approached by any formalized religion, philosophy, or sect.
For the rest of his life Krishnamurti insistently rejected the guru status that others tried to foist upon him. He continued to attract large audiences throughout the world but claimed no authority, wanted no discipline, and spoke always as one individual to another. At the core of his teaching was the realization that fundamental changes in society can be brought about only by a transformation of individual consciousness. The need for self-knowledge and understanding of the restrictive, separative influences of religious and nationalistic conditionings was constantly stressed. He always pointed to the urgent need for openness, for that ‘vast space in the brain in which there is unimaginable energy’. This seems to have been the wellspring of his creativity and the key to his catalytic impact on such a wide variety of people.
Krishnamurti continued to speak all over the world until he died in 1986. His talks and dialogues, journals and letters have been preserved in over sixty books and hundreds of recordings.
A. Decide and write whether the following statements are true or false. [4×0.5=2]
B. Find the words from the above text that are closest in meaning to these words and phrases. [6×0.5=3]
C. Answer the following questions in brief. [5x1=5]
4. Read the announcement below and answer the following questions. 
"Where the World Is Your Classroom"
If so, why not come and take your TESOL certificate course with TEFL international, one of the world’s largest providers of TESOL certificate with over 15 branches around the globe! TEFL International Kathmandu branch has been providing quality TESOL course training for the past two and a half years to both international and local trainees. Now is your opportunity.
TEFL International Mission Statement
TEFL international is an international training through numerous educational and multicultural services such as: teacher education, language training, camps, internship, and much more. We strive to be a fun, creative, responsive, culturally sensitive, high value company focused on individual growth, customer satisfaction, and helping the world communicate better by providing valuable experiences and skills for both those in need and those seeking the same.
TEFL International is an alluring educational experience for those interested in teaching English as a foreign language which is a great way to see the world. Our course centres are strategically placed around the globe; our students not only learn how to teach English but also learn about the culture of their host country.
Do yourself a favor and enroll online today! TEFL International has graduated over thirteen thousand students during the past eleven years. We offer peace of mind in the often confusing and conflicting world of English through TESOL and ESL course training. We are reputable, stable, and put students and their careers first. The first step of your incredible journey is just a click away: TESOL certificate course registration.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, URL: www.tefllife.com
A. From the text above, find the words and phrases that are nearly opposite in meaning to these words and phrases: [6×0.5=3]
B. Rewrite the following statements filling in with the best contextual words. [4×1=4]
C. Answer these questions briefly in your own words. [4×2=8]
5. Write a letter to the editor of a daily, discussing the issue of road accidents in Nepal. 
6. Write a set of rules and regulation that are strictly followed in an examination hall. 
7. Develop the following outlines into a short and interesting story. 
A cat kills many mice ……… mice hold a meeting ……… look for safety measures ……… a young mouse says, ‘Let’s bell the cat’, agree and happy ……… but then an old cat asks, ‘Who’ll bell the cat? ……… all quiet ……… moral.
8. Rewrite the following sentences filling in with the correct options given in the brackets. [12×0.5=6]
9. Copy the story out in your answer sheet choosing the best alternatives given in the brackets. [10×0.5=5]
There ……… (was / were / are) two women ……… (which / whom / who) quarrelled ……… (about / for / to) a baby. Each of them claimed it as her own. At last they went to a wise judge ……… (and / but / although) got him to decide the case. First he listened to each one of them very carefully and deeply contemplated over the issue. Now he came up with a grave solution. He proposed severing the baby into two equal halves and sharing between the two of the women. Then the judge said to them. ‘You’ll be happy then………?’ (won’t you / wouldn’t you / can’t you) Surprisingly, one of the women readily accepted the condition but ……… (the / an / a) other was aghast at such a proposal. ……… (because / instead / despite) of having the poor little thing killed, she rather agreed to give away the baby to her rival. Now the judge came to a conclusion that the second woman ……… (was / has been / is) the real mother of the baby. According to him, if she was not the real mother, she too ……… (would agree / would have agreed / will agree) to let the baby be killed. It was her motherly affection not to end the precious life of her baby that made the wise judge ……… (to decide / decided / decide) the case in a wise and responsible manner.