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Note on Importance of Consumer Health and Measures to Protect Consumer Health

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The process of depending on the produced goods and services is increasing in this world along with the development of human civilization. Now, everything is produced in industries and made available in the market. People are largely dependent on the goods and products available in the market. Therefore, the societies especially of urban areas and developed countries have now become consumer society. If we look at the condition of rural and some primitive societies, people produce almost all the goods required for them and still practice barter system to fulfill their additional requirement. They do not totally depend on the goods and services of the market whereas the situation of urban and developed society is different.

The consumer society of urban areas and developed parts of the world has been facing many problems along with its development. Some of these problems and evils are unemployment, individualistic feelings, and unnatural competition in work performance, bribery, smuggling, etc. These all problems have directly made adverse impacts on consumer health because low quality, adultery and harmful goods are produced and sold in the market. Some people, anyhow, want to earn money and become rich overnight. When they involve in business, they produces low quality and even mix harmful things in good. This is in increasing trend in Nepal due to lack of proper supervision from the government and consumers. If the consumers are not aware, they cannot select right goods and become the victim of adulteration and wrong practices. Therefore, it is a high time for all of us to make consumers aware of the quality of goods that they consume and it is consume health education, which inspires the consumers to be more conscious and united to protect their health.

The importance of consumer health are given below:
  1. It makes people aware of the quality of goods that they purchase.
  2. It helps people to take right service on right time.
  3. It gives the knowledge of the existing laws and protection of their consumer rights.
  4. It helps to encourage consumer to be united and raise collective voice against the practice of adulteration and quackery.

Measure to protect Consumer Health

Consumers should be aware about their health. They should be organized to protest the fraudulent activities of industries in providing harmful goods. Several methods can be adopted for the protection of consumer health. Some of the methods are described below:

Use of Goods and Services:

  • We must be careful while buying goods. We must notice the name of the company, manufacturing date, expiring date etc. Open goods should not be purchased as far as possible. As quality goods, quality health services is equally important. We should not do negligence while choosing doctors. We should be aware of quack doctors in order to protect our health.
  • Storing: Nowadays producers do not bring all their goods in the market as soon as they manufacture or grow them. They keep the food in some safe places. It is known as storing. Storing foods from long time may rot away or may moth-eaten. Using such foods is injurious to health.

Legal Provision On Consumer Health

Laws for the protection of consumer health was first introduced in the USA on March 15, 1963.In Nepal some legal protection of consumer health is implemented.
Consumer Protection Act, 2054 B.S.
Government has brought in force the Consumer Protection Act, 2054 B.S. It has provided the consumers the following rights:
  • Right to be safe from selling harmful goods and services which have adverse effect on body.
  • Right to be informed about the price, quality, quantity etc of the manufacturing goods.
  • Right to choose the best alternatives for competitive price.
  • Right to appeal and compensation for exploitation and loss of consumers from the inappropriate activities.
  • Right to get Consumer Education.
There is legal provision of punishment on production and distribution of goods and services which have adverse affect and harmful to consumer health. The government has released an inspection officer's guidelines 2058 to conserve the consumer health and right. It has mentioned the duties of inspection officers.
  • Help to conserve and promote consumer right.
  • Help to supply and control of low quality foods by regular market monitoring.
  • Make the shopkeeper to put price list clearly.
  • Increase awareness on consumer health.
Essential Goods and Controlling Act 2017 B.S.
This was the first law in Nepal for the protection of the consumers. It explained the price, distribution system, and punishment for deliberate creation of artificial security.
Food Act, 2023 B.S.
It explained the assessment of the quality food-stuff and medicine along with their sale and distribution system.
Standard Measurement Act, 2025 B.S.
This act was passed to bring unifirmity in measurement system under the Mint Department of Nepal Rastra Bank.
Black- marketing and other Social Offence Punishment Act, 2032
Legal action can be taken against black marketing, artificial shortage, adulteration and social offences, according to this act.
Drug Act, 2035 B.S.
It deals with the production and distribution of medicine.
NepalStandardAct, 2037 B.S.
Itconcerned with the examination of products in Nepal and providing quality mark on products.

  • The consumer society of urban areas and developed parts of the world has been facing many problems along with its development.
  • Consumer health people aware of the quality of goods that they purchase.
  • Consumer health helps to encourage consumer to be united and raise collective voice against the practice of adulteration and quackery.
  • It gives the knowledge of the existing laws and protection of their consumer rights.
  • Laws for the protection of consumer health was first introduced in the USA on March 15, 1963.
  • There is legal provision of punishment on production and distribution of goods and services which have adverse affect and harmful to consumer health.
  • The government has released an inspection officer's guidelines 2058 to conserve the consumer health and right. It has mentioned the duties of inspection officers.
.

Very Short Questions

The importances of consumer health are listed below:

  • To discourage production and distribution of low quality food.
  • To protect consumer from harmful products.
  • To make consumer regarding awareness of consumer health.
  • To protect consumer's right.
  • To provide information regarding available health services.
  • To give emphasis to preserve public health and formulate public health policy.

The rights provided by consumer protection ACT 2054 BS are:

  • Right to get information about the price, quality and quantity of the foods.
  • Right to choose products as per own wish.
  • Right to get information about consumer right.
  • Right to make complains in proper place and to have compensation in case of fraud by shopkeeper.
  • Right to maintain privacy in protecting consumer's health.
  • Right to be ensured to take action against the fraudulent activities.

The effects of low quality food on human health are:

  • Low quality food lacks nutrients. Thus, it may cause nutrients deficiency disease, e.g. Marasmus, kwashiorkor, etc.
  • Use of decomposed food can reduce on individual appetite and cause digestive problems.
  • Colored foods can cause respiratory problems, weakness, and blindness and even cause death.
  • Mixing of low quality substances in goods can cause death, e.g. Mixing low qualities substance in alcohol.

Consumer health can be protected in the following ways:

  • Use of goods and services: Consumers' health are much affected by the use of low quality goods and services. Thus, consumers should be encouraged to prefer standard goods. Consumers should be provided adequate knowledge about the standard or quality goods and services. Besides, consumer themselves should be conscious while selecting goods and services. They should consider the brand, nutrient facts of goods and services.
  • Storage: storage is an essential factor to preserve goods and services. The quality of food is affected by the place where goods are stored for example: in most of the medicine products it is informed that "store in cool and dry place, "keep out of reach of children". Thus the company supplying the goods should clearly mention the facts to keep the goods healthy to protect consumer health.
  • Rules and regulation to protect consumer health: The first Act regarding the protection of consumer right was enforced on 15th march 1963 in USA. This day is celebrated as International consumer day all over the world. Similarly, Government of Nepal has enforced the consumer protection Act, 2054 BS to protect health, facilities and financial interests of consumers. Thus various Acts has been formulated to protect consumer's right.

The things that should be mentioned on a product very often are:

  • Name, address and trademark of producer.
  • Clear instruction of using the goods.
  • Description of raw materials used and nutrients value contained in the product.
  • Information about price, batch numbers, manufactured date and date of expiry.
  • In case of electronic goods warranty and guarantee card should be provided.

The provisions of Drug Abuse Control Act, 2033 B.S are:

  • Make known to users about use of drugs.
  • Selling of narcotic drugs by prescription only.
  • Responsibility of prescribing doctor.
  • Freedom from precaution while undergoing treatment at authorized treatment centre.

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  • One of the methods for the protection of consumer healthis

    safety
    storing
    chemicals
    guidance
  • Law of ptection of consumer health was first introduced in USA on

    21-Mar-1953
    17-Mar-1963
    22-Mar-1933
    15-Mar-1963
  • The right provided by the Consumer Protection Act is

    to store goods
    to buy things
    to get consumer education
    to mix unwanted things in the goods
  • The first law in Nepal for protection of consumer is

    food act
    consumer protection act
    standard measurement act
    essential goods and controlling act
  • The law that deals with production and distribution of medicine is called

    essential goods and controlling act
    food act
    drug act
    standard measurement act
  • A substance found within other substances (e.g. food, beverages, fuels), although not allowed for legal or other reasons is called

    poaching


    food poisonong


    adulteration


    distilizing


  • _____________is the promotion of fraudulent or ignorant medical practices.

    poaching


    adulteration


    quackery


    food poisonong


  • A system of exchange by which?goods?or?services?are directly exchanged for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange is called _____.

    barter system


    bribery system


    respiratory system


    sati system


  • An illegal transportation of objects or people is called ________.

    poaching


    smuggling


    bribery


    robbing


  • The societies especially of urban areas and developed countries have now become __________.

    producer


    consumer society


    primitive society


    main producer


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dikshya

some more measures for protection of consumers' health???


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Toshika

explain the importance of consumer health education?


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