Note on Female Reproductive System

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The process of giving birth to new ones is known as reproduction. Unicellular creatures reproduce their offspring through cell division. Some lay eggs and some give birth to baby. Females becomes pregnant due to fertilization of sperm and ovum after fertilization. The foetus developed in uterus and it takes birth after some specific time.

Female Reproductive System

The female reproductive organs are classified into two types: internal and external organ. The internal organs play vital role in human reproduction. The internal organ of female are described below:

Vagina

Vagina is made up of connective, fibrous, and epithelial tissue. It is cannel of 10-15 cm length from opening to the cervix of uterus. The main function of vagina is to receive penis ans sperm during sexual contact, passing blood during menstruation and passing out the baby during delivery.

Uterus

It is a hollow muscular organ between urinary bladder and rectum. Uterus has three parts. Upper parts is "fundus", middle part is "body" and the lower part is "cervix". It is place where ovum is fertilized and baby is grown. After the puberty, menstruation starts in girls. At that time thick layer of blood is prepared in endometrium. If fertilization takes place foetus develops in the suitable environment of endometrium, otherwise the thick layer of blood crumbles and passes through vagina every month.

Fallopian Tube

The length of Fallopian tube is 10 cm. It ends towards ovary. Main function of Fallopian tube is to transport a ovum to the uterus each month and it is also the place where conception takes place.

Ovaries

There are two ovaries if female. They are made up of connective tissue. Ovary is female gonad which produce oestrogen andprogesterone hormone required for the development of women.

  • The process of giving birth to new ones is known as reproduction.
  • The foetus developed in uterus and it takes birth after some specific time.
  • The main function of vagina is to receive penis and sperm during sexual contact, passing blood during menstruation and passing out the baby during delivery.
  • Uterus is place where ovum is fertilized and baby is grown.
  • Main function of Fallopian tube is to transport a ovum to the uterus each month and it is also the place where conception takes place.
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Very Short Questions

The ovaries are of oval shapes. They are 2.5 to 3.5 cm long, 2cm wide and 1 cm thick. They lie in the pelvis, one on either side of the uterus and each is anchored to the uterus by an ovarian ligament. They secret the hormones responsible for female development and produce the ova.

    The vagina is about 10 cm long fibro elastic muscular tube which connects the uterus with the external reproductive organ (vulva). It is composed of mucus and fibroblastic connective tissues lying behind the urethra and bladder and in front of the rectum. Its main function is to receive the penis during intercourse and allows menstrual flow and passage for the baby to the outside world.

    Uterus is a pear like organ lies between the bladder and rectum. The fertilized ovum becomes implanted, receives nourishment and develops over a period of 9 months in this organ. There are 3 parts in this organ. They are: fundus, body and cervix.

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    • Which of these is a part of female reproductive system?

      Testes
      Vas deferens
      Fallopian tube
      Epididymis
    • The female gonad is called ______.

      Cervix
      Uterus
      Vagina
      Ovaries
    • The final target of reproductive system is to _________.

      produce ovum.
      pass the ovum produced by the ovary
      fertilize ovum and growth.
      create a healthy offspring
    • The process of giving birth to new one is known as ______.

      good health
      respiration
      safe motherhood
      reproduction
    • One of the main function of vagina is to ______.

      purify impure blood
      all the answers are correct
      pump blood
      pass blood during menstruation
    • The hollow muscular organ between urinary bladder and rectum is ______.

      rectum
      uterus
      gal bladder
      vagina
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