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Note on Composition of Population

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The distribution of the population according to the characteristics such as age, sex, marital status, socio-economic status (caste, religion, language, occupation, etc.) and so on is called composition of population. It is the main pillar of the population studies. The study of composition of population helps us to find out the structure of the population of a country.

Classification of population composition

  1. Composition of population by age
  2. Composition of population by sex
  3. Composition of population by caste
  4. Composition of population by language
  5. Composition of population by religion
  6. Composition of population by occupation

1. Composition of population by age

The age composition of population means the composition of population of a certain age group in a certain place or region. The age of population can be classified corresponding to the age composition. Generally, people between the age groups of 15-60 are known as economically active population whereas people below 14 and above 60 are known as economically dependent population. The study of composition of population helps us to know the schooling groups of children, economically active people and dependent population over 60 years of age.

2. Composition of population by sex

If the population is classified according to sex, it is called composition of population by sex. If the population of a place is counted by male and female, the sex composition of population can be found out. This type of population is also useful to calculate sex ratio. Sex ratio shows the number of male per 100 female.

3. Composition of population by caste

Nepal is a country of four castes and thirty-six different sub descendents. She is also known as a country of multilingual, multi-religious and multi-ethnic society. There was not any system of keeping the record of different castes of people from 1911 to 1981 census. It wasfor the first time in 1991 census, above 60 different castes and ethnicities were enumerated with their percentage.

4. Composition of population by language

Though Nepal is small in size, about 75 indigenous groups reside in Nepal. They have their own original languages and dialects. Nepali language is the official language and used in speaking and writing in government offices, schools and organizations as it is spoken by majority of population. There were 123 languages spoken as mother tongue reported in census 2011. Nepali was spoken as mother tongue by 44.64 percent of the total population followed by Maithili (11.67%). Other mother languages with share of population of more than 2 percent were Bhojpuri (5.98%), Tharu (5.77%), Tamang (5.1%), Newar (3.2%), Bajjika (3.0%), Magar (3.0%), Doteli (2.97%) and Urdu (2.6%), according to the CBS 2012.

5. Composition of population by religion

The majority of population in Nepal is Hindu, followed by Buddhist. There are people of other religions like Muslim, Kirant, Christian, Jain, etc. Nepal was once constitutionally a Hindu Kingdom, though today it is a secular state. Now, other religions are also equally respected and there is no discrimination among different religions. According to Census 2011, there are ten types of religion categories. Hinduism covers 81.3% of the population, followed by Buddhism (9.0%), Islam (4.4%), Kirant (3.1%) Christianity (1.4%).

6. Composition of population by occupation

Population composition by occupation denotes the involvement of number of people into various occupations. In other words, it shows the major economic activities which people are involved in. Nepalese, by occupation, are mostly engaged in agriculture. However, there are other occupations which people have started to adopt. Industries, trade, agriculture-based occupations are developing recently.

Active and dependent population

Active population

The active population is the group of population which is economically active and can be involved in any income generating activity. In general, the population of age group 15-59 is considered economically active. But it does not mean that all the people in this age group are economically active. In Nepal, the population of 10 years and above is taken economically active population as majority of the people of that age or above are involved in agriculture. Therefore, economically active population is that which is involved in income generating activities.

Dependent population

The inactive population within the age groups of 0 to 14 years and over 59 is considered to be dependent. The inactive population are mostly economically inactive and therefore, they are dependent upon the economically active population. It is the population which cannot earn the livelihood and is dependent to others. With the increase in population growth, the dependent population also increases. The dependency ratio is calculated by dividing the population under 14 and over 59 years by the population of 14-59 years and multiplying by 100.

  • The distribution of the population according to the characteristics such as age, sex, marital status, socio-economic status (caste, religion, language, occupation, etc.) and so on is called composition of population.
  • The study of composition of population helps us  know the schooling groups of children, economically active people and dependent population over 60 years of age.
  • If the population is classified according to sex, it is called composition of population by sex.
  • The active population is that group of population which is economically active and can be involved in any income generating activity.
  • The inactive population within the age groups of 0 to 14 years and over 60 are all considered to be dependent.
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Very Short Questions

The composition of population means the distribution of the number of the population according to characteristics such as age,sex,marital status,socio-economic status. The merits of knowing the composition of population are enlisted below:

  • It helps to find out the structure of population.
  • It helps to study on various demographic indicators.
  • It helps for the future plan such as age composition,sex composition and so on.
  • It is the main pillar of population studies.

Population composition is the main pillar of the population studies. The study of composition of population helps us to find out the structure of the population of a country. The population composition can be discussed in the following ways:

  1. Composition by age: The age composition of population means the composition of population of a certain age group in a certain place or region. The age of population can be classified corresponding to the age composition. In broad age group, population under fifteen is reducing over time. In 2001 their percentage is 39 only whereas it was 42 in 1991 and size of working population is increasing to 55 percentage from 52 percent and elderly population are also increasing to 6 from near about six.
  2. Composition by sex: If the population is classified according to sex, this is called composition of population by sex. If the population of a place is counted by male and female, the sex composition of population can be found out. In Nepal female is larger in size from previous census and sex ratio is slightly less than hundred. In latest census 49.9 percent are male and 50.1 percent are and sex ratio is 99.8%.
  3. Composition by occupation : Population composition by occupation denotes the involvement of number of people into various occupation. In other words, it shows what major economic activities which people are involved in. In the last census out of total Nepalese 80% are engaging in agricultural and remaining 20% in non-agricultural sector completely. Among non-agricultural sector, majority is in service followed by trade and business.
  4. Composition by Religion: The majority of population in Nepal is Hindu, followed by Buddhist. There are people of other religions like Muslim, Kirant, Christian, Jain, etc. Nepal was once constitutionally a Hindu Kingdom, though today it is a secular state. Hindu is prominent religion in Nepal and about 81% are Hindu followed by Buddha 11 % and Islam 4.2 % and Kirat 3.6 respectively. The other religious are small in magnitude.
  5. Composition by Language: Though Nepal is small in size, about 75 indigenous groups reside in Nepal. They have their own original language and dialects. Nepali language is the mother tongue for all it is spoken by fifty percent people besides this Maithili, Bhojpuri, Newari are also major languages in Nepal.

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  • The distribution of the population according to the characteristics such as age, sex, marital status, socio-economic status (caste, religion, language, occupation, etc.) and so on is called ______.

    separation of population
    distribution of population
    demography
    composition of population
  • The composition of population of a certain age group in a certain place or region is called ______.

    composition of population by caste
    composition of population by age
    composition of population by sex
    composition of population by occupation
  • The population of age groups of 15-59 years is considered ______.

    economically inactive
    mentally active
    economically active
    physically active
  • The inactive population within the age groups of 0 to 14 years and over 59 are all considered to be ______.

    dependent
    active
    independent
    self sufficient
  • The group of population which is economically active and can be involved in any income generating activity is called ______.

    dependent population
    inactive population
    active population
    reliant population
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swostika silwal

what percentage of population were involved in agriculture in 2058 B.S.?


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Bikram

Why vital registration system considered more effective in collecting population data?


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