Note on Sound

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The sound is the form of energy, which is produced by vibration of molecules of a body. Sound travels in the form of a wave. Like light, it also undergoes reflection, refraction etc.

Wave

The path of energy, through which the energy travels is called a wave. The wave can also be defined as the periodic disturbance of the particles of the medium. The waves can be classified into two types’ mechanical waves and electromagnetic wave. Mechanical waves can be propagated only in material medium whereas electromagnetic waves do not require any material medium for propagation.

Wave in water surface

when a stone is dropped into a pool of water, circular waves spread out on all directions on the surface from the center of disturbance. There are circular regions called crest, where the water level is above the normal level and there are other circular regions, called trough, where the water level is below the normal level. Water waves on the surface of water are the examples of wave motion.

Waves in rope:

If a rope held horizontally, is fixed at one end and the free end is moved up and down at right angle, a disturbance consisting of a series of crests and troughs travel along the rope.

Sound wave:

A wave of compression and rarefaction, by which sound is propagated in an elastic medium such as air is known as sound wave.

Disturbance set up in a medium is called a wave and the propagation of disturbance, without involving transfer of any material within it, is called wave motion.

Types of wave motion

Waves can be classified into two types on the basis of the nature of the vibration in particles of the medium. They are transverse wave and longitudinal wave.

Comparison of transverse and longitudinal wave

Transverse waves

Longitudinal waves

Vibrations of particles of a medium are perpendicular to the direction of propagation of wave. Vibrations of particles of a medium are along the direction of propagation of wave.
These waves can be generated in solids and liquids. These waves can be generated in solids, liquids and gases.
A complete wave consists of a crest and trough A complete wave consists of a compression and rarefaction.
It can travel in vacuum. It cannot travel in vacuum.
Speed of this wave is more. Speed of this wave is less.

image source:http://lh3.ggpht.com/-tX6BKR8nUBI/Uf8fnKlf8OI/AAAAAAAAHSE/L8k31m6xw5o/Difference between Longitudinal wave and Transverse wave_thumb[13].jpg?imgmax=800

  • Sound is the form of energy, which is produced by vibration of molecules of a body. Sound travels in the form of a wave.
  • The path of energy, through which the energy travels is called wave.
  • Mechanical waves can be propagated only in material medium whereas electromagnetic waves do not require any material medium for propagation.
  • Disturbance set up in a medium is called a wave and the propagation of disturbance, without involving transfer of any material within it, is called wave motion.
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Very Short Questions

The sound wave carries energy from a vibrating object as kinetic energy of the particles of material medium (solid, liquid or gas), so sound waves are called mechanical waves.

The differences between transverse and longitudinal wave are as follows:

Transverse wave Longitudinal wave
  1. It is the wave in which the particles of the medium vibrate perpendicular to the direction of the propagation of the wave. Eg: wave produced in rope and ponds.
  1. It is the wave in which the particle of the medium vibrates along the direction of the propagation of light. Eg: sound waves.
  1. These waves can be generated in solids and liquids.
  1. These waves can be generated in solid, liquid and gas.

Sound cannot travel in vacuum because sound is a mechanical wave that needs material medium to transfer energy.

The propagation of disturbance, without involving transfer of any material within it, is called wave motion. There are two types of wave motion. They are transverse and longitudional wave.

When the displacement of a particle is maximum above its mean position is called Crest. When the displacement of a particle is maximum below its mean position is called Trough

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  • Which is not part of the electromagnetic waves?

    Micro waves


    Radio waves


    Visible light


    Sound waves


  • Which electromagnetic wave is used when we change TV channels using remote?

    Ultraviolet waves
    Infrared
    Gamma rays
    Microwave
  • Which electromagnetic wave is used to produce pictures of broken bones?

    Infrared
    Microwave
    X-rays
    Gamma rays
  • Which electromagnetic wave is used when we receive TV channels from satellite?

    Gamma rays


    Radio waves


    Infrared


    Ultraviolet waves


  • What is use of Ultraviolet rays?

    To take photograph of skeleton.
    To kill cancer cells.
    To produce vitamin D.
    To make objects visible.
  • What is use of Gamma rays?

    To produce vitamin D.
    To take photograph of skeleton.
    To make objects visible.
    To kill cancer cells.
  • Which is false about electromagnetic waves?

    They are longitudinal waves.
    They are unaffected by electric and magnetic waves.
    Their speed in vacuum and air is same.
    They exhibit properties of reflection and refraction.
  • Which is true about electromagnetic waves?

    They can bend around solid objects.
    They carry energy by vibration of electric and magnetic fields.
    They can all radiate heat.
    They are all harmful to us.
  • Why can't we hear sound of explosion in space?

    Because space is too big, sound disperses everywhere and thus we hear nothing
    Because there is no particle medium in space
    Because light waves interfere with sound waves
    Because explosion in space are of low power to make big enough sound
  • The difference in compression and rarefaction region in sound wave is in

    Density and pressure
    Volume and energy
    Intensity and pitch
    Density and power
  • What are Crest and trough?

    Crest is the highest part and trough is the lowest part of transverse wave.
    Crest is the highest part and trough is the lowest part of longitudinal wave.
    Crest is the lowest part and trough is the highest part of transverse wave.
    Crest is the highest part and trough is the lowest part of transverse or longitudinal wave.
  • Which is not a use of ultra sound?

    To generate pictures of embryo.
    To create an echo.
    To break kidney stone.
    To locate tumor.
  • Which is not an effect of sound?

    It can raise our blood pressure.
    It can cause pain in ear.
    It can make us concentrate more on work.
    It can make us irritable.
  • Which is not way to reduce sound from machinery?

    Using silencer in machines.


    Using protective device by workers near the machine.


    Operate machine by highly trained manpower.


    Insulating machine from environment.


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DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS NOTE

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Forum Time Replies Report
Difference between echo and reverberation??


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why does sound travels in slow speed in liquid

sound


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usha

reverberation is experienced more in newly constucted room than in a furnished room . give reason


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