Note on Mosquito

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There are various kinds of animals in the earth. They are divided into vertebrates and invertebrates. In this topic, we study about invertebrates (Mosquito). Mosquitoes are found all over the world but they are mostly common in humid and temperate climate. There are 2,700 species of mosquito in Nepal.Carbon dioxide gives mosquitoes the signal that blood is nearby, and since we exhale CO2, we make it easy for mosquitoes to find us.

Classification of Mosquito

Kingdom: Animalia
Sub kingdom: Invertebrata
Phylum: Arthopoda
Class: Insecta
Common name: Mosquito

Culex tarsalis and Anopheles freeborni are two main mosquitoes found in Nepal.

Structure

The body of mosquito is divided into three parts: head, thorax and abdomen.

Head: The head of the mosquito is very small and almost spherical in shape which is joined to thorax by the means of a short and narrow segment. The head bears a pair of compound eyes called palps and proboscis. There are 13 segments in each antenna. The second segment of each antenna possesses hearing organs called Johnston’s organs.

Thorax: The thorax consists of three parts: Prothorax, Mesothorax and Metathorax.

Abdomen: The abdomen of a mosquito is made of nine segments. The abdomen possesses an anal opening and a genital opening. The ninth segment of a male mosquito bears an anal which helps in copulation.

Difference between male and female mosquitoes

Male Female
Male mosquitoes only feed on sap of plant. Female mosquitoes bite and suck blood.
Antenna is provided with long hairs. Antenna is provided with short hairs.
Mouthparts are adapted for sucking. Mouthparts are adapted for sucking and biting.
Abdomen is smaller. Abdomen is larger.

  • The body of mosquito is divided into three parts. They are head, thorax and abdomen.
  • The abdomen of mosquito possesses an anal opening and a genital opening.
  • Culex tarsalis and Anopheles Freeborni are two main mosquitoes found in Nepal.
  • The antenna of male mosquito is provided with long hair.
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Very Short Questions

Kingdom: Animal
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Example: Mosquito

Mosquitoes are harmful because it transmits common diseases like malaria, dengue, yellow fever, filaria etc. from one person to another.

The general mosquitoes found in Nepal are culex and anopheles.

Male mosquitoes do not bite but female bite because male mosquitoes do not have piercing organs and female mosquitoes have, which sucks the blood.

mosquitoes are found specially in hot and tropical regions. They are common in houses, garden, drains, bushes, and stagnant water.

Mosquitoes feed on flower juice but female mosquitoes bite animals and sucks blood.

The differences between male and female mosquitoes are as follows:

Male Female
i) They do not suck the blood. i) They suck blood.
ii) The size of wings are small. ii) The size of wings are large.
iii) Antenna contains long hairs. iii) Antenna contains short hairs.

Mosquitoes bite can be avoided by the following steps:
i) By using mosquito net during sleeping.
ii) By using mosquito repellent cream or mustard oil on the exposed parts of a body at night.

We can control mosquitoes by following ways:
a) By removing swamp area and stagnant water around the living houses.
b) By spraying kerosene, DDT etc. over the surface of water.
c) Certain fishes such as trouts ,gambusia help selectively feed mosquito larvae.
d) By personal protection using mosquito net, anti-mosquito mats etc.

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  • What disease is the 'Anopheles' genus of mosquito most well known for transmitting?

    Malaria
    Lyme Disease
    Dengue
    West Nile
  • Which mosquitoes bite humans?

    males bites after female bites


    both male and female mosquito


    male mosquito


    female mosquito


  • Sub kingdom of mosquito is ______

    Vertebrates
    Mammals
    Arthopoda
    Invertebrata
  • The body of mosquito is divided into_parts

    3
    6
    2
    10
  • The abdomen of a mosquito is made of ___ segments

    ten
    five
    nine
    two
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