It is the network of glands that secrete hormones that regulate many bodily functions.
They are those chemical substances secreted by endocrine glands and heterocrine glands. They are called chemical messengers because hormones carry message of one organ to another organ in the form of chemical signals.
|1||Pituitary||Skull||Growth Hormone |
|Physical and mental retardation |
Drying of skin
|Increased rate of metabolism |
Excess hunger etc.
|3||Parathyroid||Over thyroid||Parathormone||Tetany||Formation of kidney stone|
|4||Pancreas||Alimentary Canal||Isulin |
|5||Adrenal||Above Kidney||Adrenalin (epinephrine) |
|Addison disease |
|6||Testis||Scrotum||Testosterone||Unable to reproduce (Infertile)|
|7||Ovary||Reproductive system female||Estrogen |
Pituitary gland gives hormones that control growth of a person. Besides this, it also produces many hormones that control the working of other glands. That's why it is known as the master gland.
Thyroid glands produce the hormone thyroxin. In the absence of iodine, thyroxin is not secreted and the glands swell. The swelling of the thyroid glands is called goiter.
Pancreas secrets two types of hormone- insulin and glucagon. Insulin lowers the blood sugar which glucagon raises the blood sugar. So, pancreas controls blood sugar with the help of insulin and glucagon.
Adrenaline produced by adrenal glands on kidneys is considered as 'emergency hormone'. The hormone is secreted in large amount when a person has to do something that might be impossible under normal condition.
The function of thyroxine and insulin and the names of glands that produce those hormones are:
|Thyroxine||It contains iodine and helps in growth of the body.||Thyroid glands|
|Insulin||Controls the amount of blood sugar||Pancreas|
Because it is chemical messenger
Pituitary gland is called master gland because ______.
It coordinate growth and development of body
Their secretion controls the functions of other glands.
It secretes the hormones.
It controls the other part of nervous system
Which gland maintains the calcium and phosphate level in our body?
Where is adrenal gland located?
Hydrosterone hormone is secret by ______.