Religion is a belief which teaches human beings about what to do and what not to do or what is morally correct ,and incorrect right and wrong. If we raise ourself beyond religious orthodoxy and religious fanaticism/passion, religion rightly guides social behavior, etiquette/protocol and activity of an individual. If religion is not used in the service of mankind and looked from hypocritical and agonistic perspectives, it can create tensions and conflicts in the society. Discrimination in the name of religion can be the cause of social instability. So, religion should be developed as a means for social welfare.
Some common features of religions
Hinduism is regarded as the oldest religion of the world. It was developed or came into existence during second millennium BC, somewhere said to be originated before seven thousand years back. The Persians living in the Indian sub-continent used the term ‘Sind’ to refer to the place where they were living, later became 'Hind' then the people residing there were called Hindu.
Different sects in Hinduism
Buddhism is considered as the second largest religion in Nepal. The founder of Buddhism, lord Buddha was the prince Siddhartha Gautam of Lumbini Nepal. He was born in 563 BC in a royal family of Shakya Dynasty of Kapilvastu, Lumbini. He searched for truth after his Mahaviniskramana, he visit northern India and many Peripheral zones, met many ascetic saints but also could not get an answer from them and sat in deep meditation. At last, under a tree named Bodhi, he was enlightened.
Different sects of Buddhism
Features of Islam Religion
Founded by the name of Jesus Christ who got birth in Jerusalem during the end of BC. Christianity was introduced during the era of AD. Jesus Christ as the pursuit and the only god of christian. The pop is the religious leader or headman of the Christian. It is believed to be the youngest religion of the world which was rapidly expanded globally. This is the chief religious faith in Europe and America. Church is known as their religious place for pray, so every Christian are supposed to visit church for pray. Like other religious sake Christians also follow various rituals, feast, and festivals. Among them, Christmas is the chief one, the memory of the birth of their god. At present, it has two special schools of thought the Catholic and The Protestant.
The youngest religion among the religious sects of indigenous ethnic groups that are Rai and Limbu in Nepal. But it is believed that Sunuwar and Dhimal are also from the same distinct. In the history, the Kirata’s people were the followers of Lord Shiva about 20 years back the religion was introduced by Guru Falgunanda, the Kirati saint who was born in 1942, Illam district in the east Nepal. He conducts all the spiritual activity from a Manghim, the sacred place of Kirati people which lies in a village of Illam. Every two year Kirati people visit this place to attend Udhauli-Uvauli Parvas and listen to their dharma Guru.
Sociological significance of Dashain festival
Sociological significance of Tihar festival
Sociological significance of Lhosar festival
Sociological significance of Chhat festival
Kharel, Durga, Elementary Sociology and Anthropology-XII
Sharma, Kamal Raj, Introduction to Sociology and anthropology in Nepal-XII, Sunrise Prakasan Pvt., Ltd., Kathmandu
Pokharel, Ishwor, Sociology-XII, Ekta Books and Distributors, Kathmandu