Note on Fundamental Duties

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Duty means doing something good for others' benefit. It is a responsibility that a person assumes to other individuals and the society he/she lives in. Rights, on the one hand, are facilities. benefits or opportunities obtained by a person from others. They are never absolute. They correspond to respective duties. For example, to get the education is your right but to obey rules of your school is your duty connected with your right to education. Similarly, someone's right is another duty. It's your parent's duty to make necessary arrangement for your education. One cannot claim right without the commitment to do his/her duties. So rights and duties emerge and go together. They can be considered to be the two sides of a single coin or the wheel of a single cart.It is the duty of every person to uphold the provisions of the constitution of Nepal.

There are three types of duties as implied by our constitution. They are explained below:

Moral Duties

To lead a simple and honest life with the sense of respect and honours shown to others in the family, teachers, guest and strangers are a moral duty. Failure to discharge a moral duty may not bring legal actions but the bad impression from the society.

Legal Duties

legal duties.jpg

Legal duty means a duty done lawfully or as the laws require us to do. Stealing, burgling, swindling, teasing and injuring are prohibited under law. We should not indulge in all those things to fulfill a legal duty. Anyone failing to fulfill legal duties invites legal action against him/her.

Civil Duties

Civil Duties can be divided into following four types:

  1. Service to nation
    The happiness and prosperity of the citizens come with the peace and development achieved by the country. So, it is the duty of all citizens to contribute in this or the manner to the peace and prosperity of their country. In democratic countries, we find the legislative, executive and judiciary working under a constitution for their progress and prosperity. The fruit of the country's peace and development is to be enjoyed by its citizens ultimately. So every citizen ought to try to serve the nation by the words or deeds. During emergency and crisis, they may even be forced by the state to serve the nation.

  2. Adherence to laws and rules
    It is the prime duty of citizens to obey the rules and laws of their country, as formulated by its legislative and regulated by its execution and judiciary. The rules and laws are made to ensure the general welfare of every citizen of the country. The laws give equal rights and protections to all.

  3. Paying tax
    The government needs money to meet various expenses of administration and development. So it collects money from taxes and charges which are paid by the people of the country. Taxes are an important source of the government treasury. So, it becomes obligatory duty of citizens to pay taxes regularly in time.

  4. Casting of votes
    All legitimate citizens have to cast votes in an election for choosing their representatives to the parliament and the local bodies. In Nepal citizens over 18 years of age can enjoy this right. But it is also their duty. By casting voted for honest and efficient candidates without getting tempted to by any undue interests, a citizen should fulfill his/her duty as a citizen. Misuse of voting rights may result in the rise of dishonest, inefficient and corrupt persons who ruin the nation.

  5. Raising voice in favour of truth and justice
    It is everyone's duty to raise voice against the violation of one's fundamental rights, encroachment of territory at border, injustice made to oneself and others etc. Thus, it is the duty of citizens to contribute to the process of social reformation and promotion of public welfare.

  • To lead a simple and honest life with sense of respect and honours shown to others in the family, teachers, guest and strangers is a moral duty.
  • Legal duty means a duty done lawfully or as the laws require us to do.
  • Civil Duties are the duties of the citizen towards their countries.Civil Duties can be divided into  four types:Service to nation, Adherence to laws and rules, Paying tax, Casting of votes andRaising voice in favour of truth and justice.
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Very Short Questions

The difference between rights and duties are given below:

Rights Duties
Right is the legal, social or ethical principles country provides a citizen. Duty is a responsibility one does for the country.
Rights benefits citizens. Duties benefit others.
Rights include Human rights, Child rights, Justice etc. Duties include paying taxes, moral duties, casting votes etc.

Moral duties are different from legal duties as following:

Moral duties Legal duties
Moral duty is a duty to lead a simple and honest life with sense of respect and honor. Legal duty is a duty done lawfully or as law requires us to do.
Failure to moral duties may not bring legal actions but bad impression from the society. Failure to legal duties invites legal actions and may also lead to degradation to their status .
Moral duties are: Allegiance, obedience, payment of taxes, etc. Legal duties are: not to be negligent, to keep safe, public watchfulness, etc.

The duties of student include:

  • Participating in learning opportunities
  • Accept increasing responsibility
  • Complete homework
  • Attend school regularly
  • Be part of a safe and positive learning environment
  • Respect the rights of others
  • Obey all policies

Students should follow these duties as students are the future of the country and if they are trained to fulfill their duties from now then in the future, they will be able to fulfill their responsibility and develop the country. Students should follow these duties also because, if not followed, not only their studies get hampered but also other students. 

The right to vote can be misused by voting for the wrong candidate. In an election, every vote counts and if people don't attend the election then the majority may go towards the wrong candidate and the country goes in the wrong hands. Therefore it is very essential to make sure that the right vote is not misused.

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  • To lead a simple and honest life with sense of respect and honours shown to others in the family, teachers, guest and strangers is a

    Civil Duty
    Legal Duty
    Fatal Duty
    Moral Duty
  • Which of the following is not Civil duty?

    Adherence to laws and rules
    Respect elders
    Service to nation
    Casting of votes
  • A duty done lawfully or as the laws require us to do is a

    Moral Duty
    Civil Duty
    Legal Duty
    Fatal Duty
  • To lead a simple and honest life either sense of respect and honor shown to other and family, teachers, guests and strangers is called

    Service to nation
    Legal duty
    Moral duty
    Civil duty
  • ______ means a duty done lawfully or as the laws require us to do .

    Civil duty
    Moral duty
    Prime duty
    Legal duty
  • Nepali citizens of which age can cast for votes?

    Over 18
    Below 10
    Above 20
    Below 30
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DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS NOTE

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Aastha

Fundamental rights keep changing according to time and circumstances. Justify thus statement with reference to present constitution of nepal and its predecessors.


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Aastha

Make a list of some major social duties od a person


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