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Note on Problems of Adolescence

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Adolescence is the age of storm and stress. It is associated with many physiological and mental changes and is a time of great emotional upheaval. This is the age when the individual suddenly enters a new situation. These changes create problems of mental, social and emotional adjustment. The problems of adolescence are given below:

Mental Tension

Adolescence is the age when the development of sex organs reaches their mature size and the secondary sex characteristics, e.g. mensuration, the wet dream is observed due to hormonal development. These changes are unique experiences in their life which may be sometimes painful and life threatening. As it is a bridge between puberty and adulthood they become unable to adjust their youngsters as well as with the elders. Development of new interests, peer pressure, peer group, values, beliefs, social behavior and ambitions are seen somehow different than the established social behavior and trends. These differences may create mental tension in adolescence. Similarly, interest toward hetero- sex, new peer group, great emotional upheaval, and emotional instability are common observable characteristics of adolescence that may create mental tension and stress. This complexity creates mental tension and leads to dropout from the schools, discarding social norms, running away from home, drug addiction, suicidal tendency and other social crimes.

Imitation

Adolescence is a period of emotional instability. The feelings in adolescence develop in such a way that they want to survive only for present and do not see beyond this which leads to the behavior of imitation of hairstyle, eating, walking, clothing, etc. It is due to lack of farsightedness and pleasure seeking attitude they develop the habit of imitation. The adolescents want to develop their own identity by imitating other different things like hairstyle, Clothing, speech, manners, etc. Adolescents imitate most of the thing from celebrities like artists, singers, players and also from so called idols of advertisement. These kinds of imitations are not considered good from the point of view of sex, reproduction, mental and social health. Many adolescents have become the victims of bad habits like drug abuse, smoking, alcoholism, etc. due to habit of imitation.

Sexual abuse

As an individual enters adolescence, interests toward hetero- sexual desire increases naturally. These desires of the adolescence are so intense that they want to satisfy it at any cost and by any method. In this process, the adolescent may sometimes adopt unnatural means and results in sexual abuse. The sexual abuse like, eve testing, use of vulgar language, bluff call, and other means are common observable activities in adolescence that are harmful and destructive.

Early Marriage

Traditional Hindu society believes that parents can open the gateway to heaven if they celebrate the marriage of their daughter before her first mensuration . Some parents also think that they may adopt love marriage, they perform the marriage of their daughters unmarried till the late adolescence, and they may adopt love marriage which loses their prestige in the society. Therefore, with the fear of love marriage, they perform the marriage of their daughters at early immature age. Early marriage adversely affects health, education and other socio- psychological matters of the couple. Early marriage results in early pregnancy and it may cause death during delivery.

Peer pressure

An adolescence has to make many new adjustments to achieve the goal of life partner, among which increased influence of the peer group is important. Adolescents spend most of their time outside the home with members of the peer group. The friends and type of peer group would have a greater influence on adolescent attitude, speech, interest, appearance, and behavior. If the members of the peer group experiment with alcohol, drug, or tobacco, adolescents are likely to do the same. In such a case adolescents need proper guidance and counseling.

  • The problems of adolescence are: mental tension, imitation, sexual abuse, early marriage and peer pressure.
  • Adolescence is the age of storm and stress. It is associated with many physiological and mental changes and is a time of great emotional upheaval.
  • Adolescence is the age when the individual suddenly enters a new situation. 
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Very Short Questions

The stress on the mind due to anxiety is called mental tension. It can be reduced in the following ways:

  • We should not be over ambitious and we should consider our capacity while setting the goals.
  • We must be committed to get better results.
  • We have to develop a good understanding as well as we have to be engaged in our own activities.
  • When two or more motives are aroused at the same time, we have to analyze them and must choose the best one at first.

Adolescence is a period of mental and physical growth. During this period there are lot of things going in our body which we are not aware of. There are lots of hormones working that influence our mind. We tend to make somebody our hero and try to do what they do. This is the imitation problem faced during adolescence. It might not be somebody great but maybe your friend. The adolescents want to develop their own identity by imitating other different things from different people like their hairstyle, clothing, speech, manners, etc. Many adolescents have become the victims of bad habits like drug abuse, smoking, alcoholism, etc. due to habit of imitation. So we have to make a wise decision while choosing our role model.

We tend to lean toward our friends more often than with our family during adolescence. The friends and type of peer group would have greater influence on adolescent attitude, speech, interest, appearance and behavior. If the members of the peer group experiment with alcohol, drug, or tobacco, adolescents are likely to do the same. So, we are likely to fall in the trap of drugs and alcohol. Therefore, sometimes, peer pressure becomes a problem during adolescence.

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  • ________ adversely affects health, education and other socio- psychological matters of the couple.

    Late marriage


    Early marriage


    Polygamy


    Deuki


  • Traditional Hindu society believes that parents can open the gateway to heaven if ______.

    they celebrate the marriage of their daughter before her first mensuration


    they celebrate the marriage of their daughter after her first mensuration


    they celebrate the marriage of their daughter before her menopause


    they celebrate the marriage of their daughter after her menopause


  • Which one is not acceptable in our society?

    love marriage


    betal-nut marriage


    elopement


    arrange marriage


  • In which period is the age when development of sex organs reaches their mature size and the secondary sex characteristics, e.g. mensuration, wet dream are observed due to hormonal development?

    childhood


    early thirties


    Adolescent


    old age


  • In which period there is emotional stability?

    early thirties


    Adolescent


    old age


    childhood


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DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS NOTE

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Sushil subedi

Ask any queries on this note. How mental tension occur in this period?


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binu

Why adolescence is the period of storm and stress


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Angila

How can we improve on the habit of bullying in the adolescence period?


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