Note on Windows XP

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The windows XP Desktop

Like previous versions of windows, Windows XP uses a desktop for the standard interface. Think of the desktop as work spaces where you can access everything you need to operate your computer, such as system components applications. the Internet, etc.

The Desktop Contains

  • Start button: One of the most important tools you will use while working with windows XP. The Start button allows you to open menus and start applications.
  • Task bar: Primarily used to switch between open windows and applications. Learn more about using the Task bar in a later lesson.
  • Icons (or graphical pictures) : Represent applications, files, and other parts of operating system. By default Windows XP provides you with one desktop icon, the Recycle Bin. Your desktops appearance may vary from the example shown below, especially, if you bought a computer with XP pre-installed.

The Start Menu

To begin exploring Windows XP, click the Start button.

When you click the start button, the Start menu appears. The Start menu is your gateway to applications that are on your computer. The left side of the Start menu lists programs, and the right side allows access to common Windows folders (My Documents, for example). It also provides access to Help and Support, Search, and Run.

If you select All Programs, a pop-up menu appears. Pop-up menus like this are called cascading menus. If a cascading menu is available, a small black triangle appears next to the name of the application or function.

To explore the Start menu

  • Click the Start button.
  • Move the mouse pointer to each option, and view the various cascading menus.
  • Click (or roll your mouse pointer over) All Programs.
  • Move the mouse pointer to the right and view other cascading menus.
  • To exit the menus, click outside the menu area or press Esc on your keyboard.

Understanding Icons

The small pictures on the desktop are called icons. One type of icon is an object icon. Examples of object icons are my Computer, recycle bin, and internet explorer. These icons allow you to open files and programs on your computer.

Shortcut icons allow you to open an application quickly. These icons appear on your desktop and with little arrow in the left corner. Desktop shortcuts are links to files and programs. you can add or delete shortcuts without affecting the programs on your computer.

To open a program using an icon

  • Place your mouse over the icon.
  • Text appears identifying its name or contents.
  • Then, double-click the icon.

Understanding the Task bar

The task bar is the small blue bar you see at the bottom of your desktop. It contains the Start menu and Quick Launch bar, which contains icons for Internet Explorer, Windows Media Player, and Show Desktop. Click an icon to open a program. Click Show Desktop to quickly view your desktop without closing any programs or windows.

The box on the right is called the Notification Area. Here, you'll find the clock and several other icons depending on what you have installed on your computer. Other icons appear in the Notification Area detailing the status of your activity. For example, when you're printing a document, a printer icon appears. Microsoft also uses the notification Area to remind you when the software updates are available for download. When you open or minimize a window or program, a rectangular button appears on the task bar that shows the name of the application. These buttons disappear when you close a window.

Log off and Switch Users

More than one person may use your computer. Windows XP allows everyone who uses your computer to have a separate computer accounts. A computer accounts tracks each person's unique settings, documents, and email accounts.

Windows Xp even enables you to log off the computer so someone else can log on without having to restart the computer.

To log off/ switch users

  • Click the Start menu and click Log Off.
  • Switch User allows someone else to log on to the computer. If you choose to Switch User, your applications will continue to run in the background while the new user logs on.
  • If you choose Log off, your applications will close.
  • In any case, you're taken to a Windows XP log on screen where you're prompted to enter your username and password.

Turn Off and Restart the Computer

When you've finished using Windows XP, be sure to turnoff (or shut down) the computer correctly.

To turn off the computer

  • Click the Start menu.
  • Click Turn Off Computer.

To restart the computer

  • Click the Start menu.
  • Click Turn Off Computer.

Exploring Programs

Programs enable you to do do word on the computer. For example, a word processing programs such as Microsoft Word pad allows you to create a basic document. You can easily open a program from the Start menu using the All Programs button.

To open a program using the Start menu

  • Click Start.
  • Click All Programs and slide your mouse pointer until you've selected the program you want to open.
  • Click to open the program you've selected.
  • To close a program, click the close button located at the top right of the window.

Sizing Windows

Sizing window is slightly different from minimizing, restoring, or maximizing.

To change the size of a window

  • Place a mouse pointer over any corner of the window.
  • The mouse pointer changes into double-headed arrow.
  • Click and hold down the left mouse button.
  • Drag the arrow out or in to make the window larger or smaller.
  • Release the mouse button when the window is the size you want. Make sure the mouse pointer change into a two-headed arrow before you try to size the window.

  • Like previous versions of windows, Windows XP uses a desktop for the standard interface.
  • The Start menu is your gateway to applications that are on your computer.
  • The small pictures on the desktop are called icons.
  • The taskbar is the small blue bar you see at the bottom of your desktop. It contains the Startmenu and Quick Launch bar, which contains icons for Internet Explorer, Windows Media Player, and Show Desktop.
  • A computer accounts tracks each person’s unique settings, documents, and email accounts.
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Very Short Questions

Windows exploreallows exploring the content of computer. It divides the window into tow vertical sections. The left section display list of drives and folders and the right section display folder and files.

Microsoft Window Operating systems are popular operating system for personal computers. They are Graphical User Interface. It makes hardware usable in computer and provides environment to work on software. MS Window 98, Windows XP, Windows 7 etc. are some examples of windows operating system.

The left side of the Start menu lists programs, and the right side allows access to common Windows folders (My Documents, for example). It also provides access to Help and Support, Search, and Run.

We have to follow following steps to open a program using icon:

  • Place your mouse over the icon.

  • Text appears identifying its name or contents.

  • Then, double-click the icon.


0%
  • Which of the following represent applications, files, and other parts of operating system?

    start bar
    icons
    scroll
    taskbar
  • The small blue bar you see at the bottom of your desktop is ______.

    icons
    scroll
    task bar
    start bar
  • Which of the following is not a type of folder view?

    cascades
    details
    titles
    thumbnails
  • The two ways to arrange multiple windows on the desktop are ______.

    minimize and maximize
    cascade and title
    click and point
    drag and drop
  • A named area on a disk that is used to store related sub folders and files is called _______.

    monitor
    folder
    desktop
    menu
  • To reverse your last action or command, you would use ______ feature.

    cut
    drag
    undo
    boot
  • CD Rom is used for storing __________.

    audio


    video


    all of them


    data


  • To close a misbehaving program, we have to press ______.

    Alt+Ctrl+Delete
    Ctrl+Shift+Enter
    None of the answers are correct

    Alt+Ctrl+Shift
  • Alt+Tab key is used for _________.

    None of above
    Activating menu bar
    Switching between two open program.
    Switching between two closed program.
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