Note on Concept , Types and Mitigating of Risk

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Concept of Risk

The possibility of damage , loss , or any negative occurrence that is vulnerabilities. It can be defined as the damage of all the life, property and physical structure. For example, If Earthquake may occur at any time then there will be the possibility of damage to the life, property etc. We can see many things in the world. Before using them it also has its own risk. Many things in the world can cause great loss to the human life and

source : Fig : Risk at Forest
source :
Fig : Risk at Forest

property time to time. In different parts of the country, we can see the natural disaster like flood, landslide, heavy rainfall, hailstone, Tsunami, Volcanic Eruptions etc. As we know that flood and landslide it occurs due to heavy rainfall. There are some other disasters which are also caused by the human activities. Not only this, sometimes a large number of people they are killed by epidemic diseases. The life of people, house, offices building, road, animal, civilization etc. are due to those threatening events.

The things which people they faced should look after by the government its self. The people or the victims should get full supports by the government , communities or by the non-governmental organization should help them. The destroy condition which we see by nature or unnatural period is called calamities. This kind of digester may affect the people or the communities. We human should be very careful before facing this types of problems. We need to be conscious of the risk resulted by such calamities. Anything may happen at any time. If the people are working in the factory there will be the risk of becoming sick due to chemicals, which is used by the factories. Not only this person may be affected by the things which are present in the industry.

Due to such types of problem people may lose everything. The work which identification, analysis, control of risks is called risk is called risk management. Before haveing problem we should look for the solution also. So, the good manager of the extent of exposure to risk and the likelihood of its occurrence is called risk reduction.

Types of Risks

We can see each and everything have the risk. All the carelessness make the accident. There is also risk like we may fall down from the bed and there are chances of breaking hand ,legs, head etc. Whereas in the regular area, there are the chances of catching fire in the house during the windy season. There are some other natural disasters which harm to human life. Some of the natural resources are explained below:

Risk induced by Natural Disaster

All the forest, land, soil, river ,water , rock etc . are the example of natural resources. The natural resources also have its own risk. Natural risk includes flooding, mudflow, landslides, avalanches, fire in the jungle etc. The risk which is due to the natural disaster is called risk induced by the natural disaster. The other natural disasters like the storm, thunder, hailstone, tsunami, glacial etc are also the disasters which also lost the

source : Fig : Risk include by Natural Disaster
source :
Fig: Risk includes by Natural Disaster

life and property. There is no way to avoid natural disasters.

If people know what kind of disaster occur, where the living creature live then they can learn what to do if the disaster came in order to stay safe . The word natural is used to know the disaster which is caused by nature. We don't know when and where or at what time the disaster occurs. So, we should be always ready to face them .

Table: Human Casualties ( Deaths ) due to Major Disasters in Nepal 2000 to 2015 AD.

Year (AD)

Flood / Landslides Fire Epidemics Thunderbolt Earthquake Avalanche
2000 173 37 141 26 0 0
2001 196 26 154 38 1 0
2002 441 11 0 6 0 0
2003 232 16 0 62 0 0
2004 131 10 41 10 0 0
2005 141 28 34 18 0 21
2006 114 3 0 15 0 0
2007 214 9 3 0 40 6
2008 134 11 10 16 0 0
2009 135 35 462 7 0 2
2010 240 69 36 70 0 0
2011 263 46 9 95 6 0
2012 123 77 33 119 1 11
2013 --- --- --- --- --- -----
2014 102 --- --- --- --- 16
2015 --- ---- --- --- 8,891 18

Above table shows the death which is due to major disasters in Nepal 2000 to 2015 AD. There are some other examples of natural disasters are listed below :

  • Earthquake
    source Fig : Landslide
    Fig: Landslide
  • Landslide
  • Flood
  • Volcanic Eruption etc.

  • Natural disasters are extreme, sudden events caused by environmental factors that injure people and damage property.
  • Earthquakes, windstorms, floods, and disease all strike anywhere on earth, often without warning.
  • Those people and community who are victims of natural calamities should get full support from the government .
  • The unfavorable condition may occur suddenly while individuals are at work or the home .
  • Every living beings know what kind of disasters are likely to occur where they are living , so all the living beings learn what to do if disaster happens in order to stay safe .

Very Short Questions

Some example of natural disasters are as follow :

  • Earthquake
  • Landslide
  • Flood
  • Volcanic Eruption etc.


All the forest , land , soil, river ,water , rock etc . are the example of natural resources. The natural resources also have its own risk. Natural risk includes flooding , mudflow , landslides , avalanches,fire in the jungle etc. The risk which is due to the natural disaster is called risk induced by the natural disaster.The other natural disasters like the storm , thunder, hailstone , tsunami,glacial etc are also the disasters which also lost the life and property .

  •  Write any one cause of GLOF?

     Volcanic Eruption
  • Nepal has experienced at least _________ GLOF Events in the past.

  • Risk is the possibility of _______________.

    find out 
  • Accident may occur due to ____________ also .

    by mistake 
  • Triggered an avalanche on Mount Everest , killing around __________ individuals.

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