Note on MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System)

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MS-DOS stands for Microsoft Disk Operating System. It has three essential files and many command files. These essential files are: IO. SYS (Input Output System), MS DOS, SYS (Microsoft Disk Operating System), and COMMAND.COM. These files are called system files of MS-DOS

Advantages/ Features of MS-DOS

  • It supports various computer languages.
  • It supports different disk like floppy, hard disk, CD etc.
  • It is small sized operating system.
  • It initiates the concept of operating system during the time of booting.

Disadvantages of MS-DOS

  • It has command line user interface so it is totally command based operating system.
  • It has limited features to work with modern computer system.
  • It is not so user friendly like windows system and cannot support advance computer peripheral devices even mouse.
  • It is single user, single tasking operating system.

Booting

The booting is a process of loading system files into working memory (RAM) to become ready to work. There are two types of booting: cold booting and warm booting.

  • Cold Booting: Booting process from off stage to on stage of computer is performed by switch on the computer.
  • Warm Booting: Booting process during the time of running the computer system is warm booting. We have to perform this process when the computer hangs up. We can perform it by pressing reset button or pressing Alt+Ctrl+Del (Hold down the Ctrl key and press Alt and Del key).

File and Directory

The collection of data is called file. It has specific memory location represented by name which is called file name. The file name has two parts: main part ( maximum 8 characters) and extension (maximum 3 characters). Example:student.txt, exam.txt

Directory is the location name of memory where we can store so many files. It is also called folder in windows system.

DOS Commands

Instructions given to the computer to work are called commands. These are the common words between the computer and the user. It gives order to computer system to work. DOS Commands are categorized in two types: Internal and External commands.

Internal command:Internal command are built in the COMMAND.COM files. It can be executed from any DOS prompt because each of the internal commands are memory resident. As long as computer is running, we are ready to give internal commands. Some of the examples of internal commands are: DIR, CLS, COPY etc.

External command:Commands that need external additional file with command.com are external commands. We need additional corresponding file to run these commands. For example we need tree.com file to run tree command. Example: XCOPY, CHKDSK, LABEL, TREE etc.

S.N. Internal Command External Command
1. The internal commands of DOS are packed in command interpreter (command.com) file. These commands became active as MS-DOS prompt. These commands are limited in the numbers. The external commands are not present in command interpreter. It is called from data stores of any other folders. These commands have exe or com extension. Example: xcopy.exe, smartdrv.exe, msd.exe, move.exe, deltree.exe etc.
2. Example

COPY CON, CLS, COPY, DATE ,DEL, DIR, TYPE, TIME etc.

Example

CHKDSK, DISKCOPY, FORMAT, EDIT, TREE, XCOPY, DELTREE etc.

  • The booting is a process of loading system files into working memory (RAM) to become ready to work. There are two types of booting: cold booting and warm booting
  • The collection of data is called file.
  • The file name has two parts: main part ( maximum 8 characters) and extension (maximum 3 characters).
  • Internal command are built in the COMMAND.COM files.
  • Commands that need external additional file with command.com are external commands. Example: XCOPY, CHKDSK, LABEL, TREE etc.
.

Very Short Questions

Booting refers to starting up a computer. In other words, the process of loading the system files into the computer's memory is called booting.
Computer can boot in two different ways:

  1. Cold Boot
  2. Warm boot

MS DOS is one of the most popularly used CUI operating system software in micro computers which was developed by Microsoft Corporation USA
The features are:

  1. It is a single user operating system.
  2. MS DOS can be run in both hard disk and floppy disk.

A file is a collection of related information stored in a disk with a unique name for its identification.
The rules for file naming are:

  1. File name should not have more than eight characters.
  2. Blank spaces are not allowed while naming a file.

Internal commands are part of COMMAND. COM file of MS-DOS when a computer is started, such types of command are automatically loaded in computer's memory. Examples of internal commands are CLS, DIR, COPY, DEL REN, MD, CD, RD, etc.
External commands are not part of command .com. They have their own program file having extension as COM, BAT, EXE, etc.
Examples of external commands are LABEL, CHSKDSK, FORMAT, DELTREE, etc.

0%
  • A process of loading system files into working memory (RAM) to become ready to work is ______.

    trouble shooting
    operating
    replacing
    booting
  • Booting process during the time of running the computer system is ______.

    soft booting
    warm booting
    cold booting
    fast booting
  • Instructions given to the computer to work are called ______.

    string
    character
    system
    commands
  • Which of the following command is not external command?

    EDIT
    DELTREE
    COPY
    TREE
  • Which of the following command is external command?

    COPY
    EDIT
    DIR
    CLS
  • Which of the following command is not internal command?

    CLS
    DIR
    COPY
    EDIT
  • How many types of operating system are there?

    3
    2
    6
    4
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