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Note on Some Term Related With Sound

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Audibility

The range of frequencies which a listener can distinguish is known as range of audibility. The audible range of sound for the human being is 20HZ to 20,000HZ. TheSound of frequency below 20 Hz is called infrasonic sound or subsonic sound and sound with frequencies above 20,000 Hz are known as ultrasonic or ultrasound.

Properties of ultrasonic or ultrasound

  • They produce heating effect in any substance through which they propagate.
  • They produce coagulation ( the process by which liquid changes to a gel) in liquid.
  • They can travel long distance without loss of energy.

Applications of ultrasonic or ultrasound

  • They are used in diagnosis and cure some diseases.
  • They are used in bloodless surgery.
  • They can be used to detect cracks and flows in metal moldings.
  • They are used in dry cleaning of clothes as they can remove grease and dirt.

Characteristics of notes

Single sound of a certain pitch and duration made by a musical instrument or voice is called note. Notes may be similar or different from each other in three aspects. They are pitch, loudness (or intensity) and quality (or timbre).

Pitch

Pitch is defined as the sharpness of sound. It depends only on the frequency of the sound vibrations.

Pitch depends on the following factor:

  • Frequency of the sounding body: greater the frequency higher the pitch.
  • Relative motion between the source and the listener: if the relative motion between source and listener is approaching, the pitch seems to be increasing and it they are receding, the pitch seems to be decreasing.

Intensity and loudness

Intensity of sound is the quantity of sound energy per unit time flowing across unit area hold normally to the direction of propagation of sound waves.

∴ Intensity of sound =



To find the intensity at a distance ‘r’ from small source of sound ‘O’, we consider a sphere of radius r. If E is the sound energy passes through the surface area in the given time‘t’. Then,

I =

∝ 1 ………………..(i)

If ‘a’ is the amplitude of the sound wave emitting from the source ‘O’. Then,

I ∝ a2 ……………….(ii)

From (i) and (ii), we get

a2∝ 1 / …………… (iii)

∴ a ∝ 1/r

  • The range of frequencies which a listener can distinguish is known as range of audibility.
  • Single sound of a certain pitch and duration made by a musical instrument or voice is called note.
  • The intensity of sound is the quantity of sound energy per unit time flowing across unit area hold normally to the direction of propagation of sound waves.
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Very Short Questions

The differences between intensity of sound and pitch of sound are as follows,

Intensity of sound Pitch of sound
It is related to the loudness of sound. It is related to the sharpness of sound.
It depends on amplitude of sound wave. It is depends on frequency of wave.
It is measurablequantity and its unit is decible. It is not measurable quantity. It has no unit.

Any four applications of ultrasound are as follows,

  • They are used in diagnosis and cure some diseases.
  • They are used in bloodless surgery.
  • They can be used to detect cracks and flows in metal moldings.
  • They are used in dry cleaning of clothes as they can remove grease and dirt.

Pitch of sound dependson the following factors,

  • Frequency of sounding body
  • Relative motion between the source and the listener
  • Thickness of wire
  • Length of wire

The factors on which the intensity or loudness of sound depends on are as follows,

  • Amplitude of vibration
  • Distance from the source
  • Size of sounding body
  • Density of the medium
  • Presence of other bodies
  • Wind

0%
  • Single sound of a certain pitch and duration made by a musical instrument is known as

    Frequency
    Amplitude
    Note
    Wavelength
  • Which one of the following quantities does not define the quality of note?

    Loudness
    Amplitude
    pitch
    Quality (tone or timbre)
  • Which one of the following quantities defines the quality of note?

    Pitch
    Amplitude
    Frequency
    Wavelength
  • The sharpness of sound is known as

    Intensity
    Tone
    Amplitude
    Pitch
  • Intensity of sound is directly proportional to

    Time
    Sound energy
    Area
    Total surface area
  • What are the factors on which pitch depends?

    All of them
    Length of wire
    Thickness of wire
    Frequency of sounding body
  • When the frequency of sounding body is more then the pitch will be

    High
    Low
    Reduced
    Decrese
  • Short wires have

    Lower pitch
    Same
    All of the given
    Higher pitch
  • Thin wires have

    Normal pitch
    0 pitch
    Lower pitch
    Higher pitch
  • Girls have sharp voices and hence they have

    Normal pitched note
    lower pitched note
    Higher pitched note
    0 pitched note
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Why ultrasonic waves are entered in solid?


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Why humid air have less density than dry air?give reason

Why humid air have less density than dry air?give reason


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