Note on Our Development Regions

  • Note
  • Things to remember
  • Videos
  • Exercise
  • Quiz

Some information regarding Nepal

Continent: Asia (South)

Longitude: 8004' E to 88012'E

Latitude: 26022'N to 30027' N

Area: 1, 47,181 sq.km.

Borders: India in the south, east and west and China in the north

Length from east to west: 885km

Breadth from north to south: 193km

Nearest Sea: Bay of Bengal (more than 1100 km away)

Development Regions
Figure: Five Development Regions

To operate the proportional, justiciable and balance development in the country, the concept of development region was derived. Therefore Nepal is divided into five development regions.

Formation of Development Regions

S.N. Name of Development Regions of Nepal Headquarter Area No. of zones No. of districts No. of V.D.C.
1 Eastern Development Region Dhankuta 28,456 km2 (10,986.9 sq mi) 3 16 893
2 Central Development Region Kathmandu 27,410 km2 (10,583.1 sq mi) 3 19 1199
3 Western Development Region Pokhara 29,398 km2 (11,350.6 sq mi) 3 16 864
4 Mid-western Development Region Birendranagar 42,378 km2 (16,362.2 sq mi) 3 15 575
5 Far-western Development Region Dipayal 19,539 km2 (7,544.1 sq mi) 2 9 383
Total 1,47,181 km2 14 75 3914

Eastern Development Region:

There are 3 zones in Eastern Development Region, they are Mechi, Koshi, Sagarmatha and 16 districts. Mechi, Koshi, Kankai etc are the major rivers of this development region. Mt. Everest, Kanchanjunga, Makalu, Lhotse, Eumori are the main mountains of this development region. Sagarmatha National Park, Makalu Barun National Park, Kanchanjunga Conservation Area, etc. are the main parks and areas of this development region. Biratnagar, Dharan, Illam, Bhojpur are the major towns of this development region. Geographically it is divided into Terai, Hilly and Mountain region.
Central Development Region:

It has the Eastern Development region to the east, India to the south, Western Development Region to the west. It is the fourth largest development region of Nepal with an area of 27,410 km2(10,580 sq.m). There are 3 zones, which are Janakpur, Narayani, Bagmati, and 19 districts in this development region. Rapti, Bhote Koshi, Kamala, Gosaikunda, Mt. Gaurishankar, Chitwan National Park, Shivapuri Wildlife Reserve, Langtang National Park, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, lies in this development region. Its major cities are Kathmandu, Dhulikhel, Janakpur, Hetauda, Patan, Bharatpur, Bhairawa, Lalitpur, Nagarkot etc. Geographically it is also divided into Mountain, Hill and Terai.
Western Development Region:

The Western Development Region is located in the west-central part of the country. Its headquarter is in Pokhara. Lumbini, Dhaulagiri and Gandaki are the 3 zones of this development region.It has 16 districts. Marshyangdi, Lake Fewa, Lake Begnas, Mt. Annapurna, Mt. Dhaulagiri, Manaslu and Thaple pass lies in this development region. It also has Annapurna Conservation Area, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserves, Makalu Eco-Tourist Centre. Its major places are Pokhara, Bhairawa, Tansen, Lumbini, Muktinath etc. Geographically it also has Terai, Hill and Himalayan regions and has a similar climate like Eastern Development region.
Mid-Western Development Region:

Rapti, Bheri, Karnali, are the three zones of this region. There are 15 districts in this region. Its main rivers are Karnali, Bheri, Rapti, Babai, etc. and mountains are Mt.Kanjiroba, Mt.Sisne, Mt.Patarasi etc. Bardiya National Park, Shey Phoksundo National Park, Rara National Park are some of the conservation areas of this region. Its major trade centres are Dang, Nepaljung, Birendranagar etc. Its main highways are Ratna Highway and Mahendra Highway. Geographically it also has Hilly, Himalayan and Terai regions. Its total area is 42,378 square km (16,362 sq m). Birendranagar is the headquarter of this region. It occupies 29.2% of the total land of Nepal.
Far-Western Development Region:

There are 2 zones in Far-Western Development Region. They are Seti and Mahakali. There are 9 districts in this region. It is located at the western end of the country. Seti and Mahakali are the two major rivers of this development region. Mt. Api and Mt. Saipal are the two main mountains of this development region. Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Khaptad National Parks, etc. are the main places which help to attract tourists to this development region. Its major trade areas are Dhangadhi, Mahendranagar and Dipayal. Its main highways are Mahendra highway and Bhimdutta highway. Its area is 19,539 km2 (7,544 sq mi). Dipayal is the headquarter of this region.

  • To operate the proportional, justiciable and balance development in the country, the concept of development region was derived
  • There are five development regions in Nepal. They are Eastern Development Region, Central Development Region, Western Development Region, Mid-Western Development Region, Far-Western Development Region.
.

Very Short Questions

Any two causes for not having proportionate development in five development region are:

  • Due to the unitary system of government which discourages decentralization of power.
  • Government irresponsibility and negligence while formulating a plan and executing it.

The development situation is different in mountain and terai region because of the topography as the topography is plain in terai it us easier for the developmental works but it's steep and rocky in the mountain.

Nepal is divided into districts and development regions due to the following reasons:

  • For the balanced development in every region
  • For the utilization of local resources of the place
  • For the effective administration of the place
  • For the proportional representation of different people of different regions in the government.

A development region is an administration division of a place created for the development of a particular region. In order to develop the economic condition of all parts of Nepal equally and to bring balanced development throughout the country, the government of Nepal has divided Nepal into five regions known as development regions.

Natural Regions Administration Region
They are the physical or economic division of the country created according to the variation in landforms and climates. They are a political division of the country created according to the principle of decentralisation for efficient administration and balance development.
They run parallel east-west They run parallel north-south.
They include parts of all development regions. They include parts of all natural regions.

Nepal is full of geographical diversity. It has been divided into Himalayan, Hill and Terai on the basis of environmental features. Its altitude ranges from 60 m to 8848 m. Although it has an influence of tropical monsoon climate, it is partly influenced with Mediterranean in the west. Terai is varying fertile whereas Hill and Himalayan have less.

Central development region is the most developed region because all the sorts of developmental infrastructures are well available here and the status of people is comparatively better than other development regions. For example Health, education, transportation, drinking water, communication facility are found comparatively better here.

First of all, Nepal was divided into four development regions in B.S. 2029.They were-

  • Eastern Development Region
  • Central Development Region
  • Western Development Region
  • Far- Western Development Region
But it was realized that Far- Western Development Region with five zones (Rapti, Seti, Bheri and Mahakali) has become too big creating a regional disparity. So, it was in the year B.S.2037 that Far Western Development Region further fragmented into Mid- western Development Region consisting of Rapti, Karnali and Bheri.

Development Region Headquarters Area
Eastern Development Region Dhankuta-28,456 sq.km.
Central Development Region Kathmnandu-27,410 sq.km
Western Development Region Pokhara-29,398 sq.km
Mid- western Development Region Birendranagar-12,378 sq.km.
Far- western Development Region Dipayal-19,539 sq.km.

0%
  • Area of Nepal is ______.

    1, 47,181 sq.km


    8, 848 sq.km


    1, 47,188 sq.km


    1, 47,888 sq.km


  • Which one of the following zones is named after river?

    Dhaulagiri


    None of the answers are correct


    Narayani


    Sagarmatha


  • Which one of the following is the religious place of our country?

    Sagarmatha


    Janakpur


    Koshi


    Karnali


  • Which one of the following zones touch China only?

    Janakpur


    Bagmati


    Ilam


    Dhankuta


  • Which one of the following zone touches both India and China?

    Janakpur


    Karnali


    Bagmati


    Gandaki


  • The headquarter of Central Development Region is _____.

    Biratnagar


    Pokhara


    Kathmandu


    None of the answers are correct


  • Which one of the development region is largest of all?

    Eastern Development Region


    Far-Western Development Region


    Central Development Region


    Mid-Western Development Region


  • Tibet is in which direction to Nepal?

    South
    North
    East
    West
  • Which is not a political division in Nepal?

    Municipalities
    VDC
    Districts
    States
  • What is the order of the political division?

    Development Region < zones < municipalities < districts
    Zone< Development Region < districts < municipalities
    Development Region < districts < zones < municipalities
    Development Region < zones < districts < municipalities
  • Which one of these is not a zone?

    Narayani
    Janakpur
    Kathmandu
    Sagarmatha
  • Which is not a kind of zones?

    Mountain
    Religious places
    Temples
    Rivers
  • Which is not a zone?

    Koshi
    Rapti
    Dhaulagiri
    Dhanusha
  • Which development region has only two zones?

    Central
    Western
    Far  western
    Eastern
  • Which development region is farthest from Kathmandu?

    Far Western


    Western


    Central


    Eastern


  • Which zone doesn't border both china and India?

    Janakpur
    Rapti
    Kosi
    Mechi
  • Which zone is only bordered to china?

    Mahakali
    Karnali
    Sagarmatha
    Mechi
  • Which zone only border with India?

    Seti
    Koshi
    Rapti
    Janakpur
  • What is the aim of establishing development regions?

    To create zone, districts and municipalities
    To make friendship with China and India
    To divide the country
    To cause balanced development of country
  • Nepal had 5 development regions in which year?

    2007
    2029
    2037
    2042
  • Which is the smallest development region?

    Far-western development region


    Central development region


    Western development region


    Eastern development region


  • You scored /21


    Take test again

DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS NOTE

You must login to reply

Forum Time Replies Report
Dikshya

How to make pie chart


You must login to reply

when was Nepal divided into five development regions?


You must login to reply

Pushpika Thapa

Difference between fedralism and development regions


You must login to reply

sristi rai

when was Nepal divided into 5 development region and 14 zones?


You must login to reply