Nepal is a country blessed with an abundance of medicinal plants. These herbal plants can be used for making medicines, cosmetic products, perfumes, soaps etc. It is thus important that these medicinal plants are identified, preserved, conserved and produced commercially. Herbal plants are used in any form of the medicinal systems such as Ayurveda or any form of traditional knowledge to cure any kind of illness. Plants with a specific smell in any of its parts are known as aromatic plants. Most of the aromatic plants are herbal plants but all herbal plants are not aromatic. Aromatic plants are used to make essential oils.
Of the 250,000 species of plants available on earth, it is believed that more than 80,000 species have some kind of medical benefits. Moreover, more than 500 species have specific therapeutic values. In our country, more than 7,000 species of plants are found among which around 700 have medical benefits. Moreover, more than 238 species are chemically tested.
The major classification of herbal plants available in Nepal is given below:
Based on parts used
Based on habit
Based on therapeutic value
Besides these, herbal plants are also classified on the basis of habitat, Ayurvedic formulation etc.
One also should have information regarding if the part to be collected is completely developed or not.
A table that describes the parts of herbal plants to be collected with their collection month/time of the year is given below:
Name of herbal plant
Parts to be collected
Jatamasi, Padamchal,Bojho, Sarpagandha
Roots and Shoot
Leaves and Bark
Titepati, Tejpat, Dhaturo
Before Blossoming of flowers
Before Blossoming of flowers
After ripening of fruits
After the collection of the herbal plants, the next step is to store and preserve them so that they can be further processed and used. A little more effort might help us preserve more herbal plants throughout the year. Herbal plants are easily damaged by:
In the storage of medicinal plants, the following elements are to be considered:
Herbal plants found on the local level can be primarily processed and used as a remedy for various diseases and infection. The steps involved in the processing of majority of herbal plants are similar. They all go through a common series of steps which later are differentiated based on utility and specification.
The steps involved in the processing of herbal plants are listed below:
The major herbal plants found in Nepal and their uses are listed below:
a) Cardamom (Amomum Sublatum )
Seeds: Digestion, Lungs diseases
Oil from seeds: Aromatic, Allay inflammation
b) Amala (Phyllantus Emblica)
Fresh fruits: Digestion, Cooling, Diuretic
Dry fruits: Important constituents of “Triphala”, Dysentery, Anemia, Jaundice
Roots/Seeds: Asthma, Bronchitis
c) Asuro (Justica Adhatoda)
Uses:Antiseptic, Insecticidal, Cough, Asthma
d) Ban Lasun (Lilium Nepalense)
Uses: Relieving of pain in cardiac region
e ) Barro (Terminalia Bellirica)
Uses: As tonic, Piles, Cough
f) Bojho(Acorus Calamus)
Uses: Sore throat, Voice disorder, Diarrhea, Fever, Abdominal tumor, Dysentery
g) Harro (Terminala Chebula)
Uses: Constipation, Ulcer, Bleeding gums
h) Gheu kumari (Aloe vera)
Uses: Digestion, Cooling, Piles, Vomiting, Cosmetic preparation
i) Neem (Azadirachta Indica)
Bark: Cough, Vomiting, Burning sensation, Fever, Leprosy
Bulk Packaging and Labeling:
Processed medicinal plant materials should be packaged as quickly as possible to prevent deterioration of the products. Low-quality materials, diseased materials, and theforeign matters should be removed before packaging. The processed herbal products should be packaged in clean, dry boxes, sacks, bags or other containers. Materials used for packaging should be non-polluting, clean, dry and in undamaged condition and should conform to the quality requirements for herbal plant materials concerned. A label of a trademark with adequate information has to be put on the packaged materials so that it could help market promotion and enhance brand value.
1 .Classification of herbal plants
a) Based on parts used
b) Based on habit
c) Based on therapeutic value
Major aspect in herbal plant cultivation
a) Identification of local herbal plants
b) Collection time and methodology
c) Storage and preservation.
The several steps for processing herbal plants are :
The parts of the herbal plants used for the medicinal purposes are roots, bark, leaves, steam, flowers, fruit, whole plant gum and resins.
Herbal plants are the plants that have a medicinal significance or are used in some ways in making medicine.
The uses of Gheukumari are digestion, cooling, piles, vomiting, cosmetic etc.
The uses of Acorus Calamus are sore throat, voice disorder, diarrhea, fever, abdominal tumor and dysentery.
Neem and Dalchini are collected in the months of Falgun-Baisakh.
The uses of Amomum Sublatum are for digestion and for preventing lungs diseases.
Herbal plants can be used for ________________________.
Roots of jatamasi is collected in the months of ________________.
Aromatic plants are used to make essential __________________.
The uses of Juglans Regia is for _________________.
The uses of Azadirachta Indica is to _______________.
Major aspect in herbal plant cultivation is ________________.
Herbal plants are easily damaged by _______________.
______are used to make essential oils.