Note on North America

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North America is the third largest continent in the world with an area of 24,227,000 sq.km. It extends from 180N to 820N latitude and longitudes from 200W to 1650W. Pacific Ocean lies to the west and Atlantic lies to the east. The Arctic Ocean lies to the north while the South America to its South.

The Panama Isthmus joins North America and South America.

Physical divisions

The physical division of North America is divided into three.

  • The Rocky Mountains lie all along the western coast.
  • Central Lowlands: They lie between the western mountains and eastern highlands.
  • The Eastern Highlands: The eastern part of the continent is made up of highlands like Plateau of Greenland in the north, the Canadian Shield in the middle and the Appalachian Mountains in the south.

Mississippi, Missouri, St. Lawrence, etc. are the major rivers.

Climate and Natural Vegetation

The climate of this continent is affected by the latitude, the western mountains, cold polar winds, etc. Most part of the continent lies in the temperate zone. There is extensive pine forest in the north of the continent and equatorial rainforest in the south.

People

Nearly 460 million people reside in this continent. Europeans were the original inhabitants, but Eskimos and Red Indians are also living here. Most of the people here are Christians. They have a high living standard. English is the major language. However, other languages like French and Spanish are also widely spoken here.

  •  North America is the third largest continent in the world with an area of 24,227,000 sq.km.
  • The climate of this continent is affected by the latitude, the western mountains, cold polar winds, etc.
  • Europeans were the original inhabitants but Eskimos and Red Indians are also living in North America .
.

Very Short Questions

Fishery business has developed in New found Land of Canada because it is a meeting point of warm and cold currents where a lot of sea organisms on which fish live are found.

The countries of North America and their capitals are given below:

COUNTRY CAPITAL
Canada Ottawa
United States of America Washington DC
Mexico Mexico city
Guatemala Guatemala city
Belize Belmopan
Honduras Tegucigalpa
Nicaragua Managua
Costa Rica San Jose
Panama Panama city
Jamaica Kingston
Cuba Havana
Haiti Port-au-Prince
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo
Antigua and Bermuda's Saint Johns
Bahamas Nassau
El Salvador San Salvador
St Christopher- Nevis Basseterre
Dominica Roseau
St Vincent and the grenadines Grenada St George
St Lucia Castries
Barbados Bridgetown
Trinidad and Tobago Part of Spain

Eastern highlands are old fold mountains which have been denuded over millions of years. They form a complicated highland system. There are three highland areas within eastern highlands in North America. In the extreme north, there is the plateau of Greenland. The Labrador plateau and the laureate highland cover a great are of Canada to the north of St. Lawrence valley. Further south of St. Lawrence valley in the United States lie in the Appalachian highland. These highlands extreme form new found land to Alabama. East of the Appalachian Ranges lay the plateau and the piedmont Atlantic coastal plain.

The three major physical region of North America are as follows:

  1. The Western cordilleras
  2. The Central lowlands
  3. The Eastern highlands
The Eastern highlands:
The eastern highlands are old fold mountains which have been denuded over millions of years. There are three highland areas in North America. In the extreme north, there is a high plateau of Greenland. The labrador plateau and the Laurentian highland cover a great area of Canada to the north of the St. Lawrence valley. Further south of St.Lawrence valley in the United States lies the Appalachian highlands.

Nine types of climate are found in North America. They are as follows:

  1. The Tundra climate
  2. The British type of climate
  3. The Siberian type of climate
  4. The St. Lawrence type of climate
  5. The Mediterranean climate
  6. The Hot desert and temperate desert climate
  7. The temperate continental climate
  8. The China type of climate
  9. The Tropical wet climate

0%
  • Which is the third largest continent?

    Africa


    North America


    South America


    Asia


  • Which continent is known as the New world ?

    South America


    Asia


    North America


    Africa


  • How many physical divisions are there in North America?

    4


    8


    6


    3


  • Which of the following river is not located in North America?

    St Lawrence
    Anisi
    Mississipi
    Missouri
  • Which canal connects North America and South America?

    Suez canal
    Agra canal
    Panama canal
    Grand canal
  • By size, North America is at which rank?

    Second


    None


    Fourth


    Third


  • What is meant by tropic of cancer?

    latitude at 22030' N
    latitude at 25030' N
    latitude at 23030' N
    latitude at 66030'N
  • What is meant by Arctic circle?

    Latitude at 23030' N


    Latitude at 26030' N


    Latitude at 66030'N


    Latitude at 28030' N


  • What is to the south of North America?

    Atlantic
    South America
    South pacific
    South pole
  • Who are red Indians?

    Local people of North America
    Indians with red skin
    Indian slaves
    Symbolic term for Indian who were shot and died by bleeding
  • What is major religion of North America?

    Hindu
    Christianity
    Buddhist
    Islam
  • How is the life of people in North America?

    Miserable and busy
    Rich and high standard
    lazy and hard
    poor and hard
  • How many countries are there in North America?

    23
    13
    25
    32
  • Which continent is known as the  New world ?

    Asia
    South America
    Australia
    North America
  • Which continent does not have landlocked country?

    Asia
    North America
    South America
    Africa
  • Which continent has world's biggest national park?

    North America
    Asia
    South America
    Australia
  • Which canal connects North America and South America?

    Panama canal
    Agra canal
    Grand canal
    Suez canal
  • In which Gulf does Colorado River mix?

    Golf of California
    none of above
    Golf of Virginia
    Golf of Mexico
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DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS NOTE

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Binod subedi

what is prairies ?


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Bhakta Ram

Who invented North America


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north America has diversified climate. give reason.

North America has diversified climate. give reason.


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