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Note on Nepal's Foreign Policy

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Nepal was widely exposed to the world after the end of Rana rule in 2007 BS. Nepal has maintained diplomatic relations with many countries. Before 2007 BS, Nepal had relations with countries like India, USA, UK, etc. and was known to a few countries like China, India, UK, etc.

SAARC COUNTRY
SAARC MEMBER COUNTRIES

SAARC Member Countries

  1. Nepal
  2. India
  3. Sri Lanka
  4. Bangladesh
  5. Bhutan
  6. Maldives
  7. Afghanistan
  8. Pakistan
Foreign policy of Nepal

The foreign policy of Nepal is based on non-alignment and the five principles of Panchaseel. Nepal adopts the policy of non-interference, non-violence, peaceful coexistence, mutual cooperation and respect for others sovereignty.

Relation with foreign countries

Nepal, widely known as the land of Lord Buddha and a peace loving country has good relations with other countries. Nepal is also a member of SAARC and UN. Nepal has equal relation with every country and it does not align any country or any block. The people of Nepal and other countries have maintained harmony and understanding each other.

S.N. Country Date Since
1 Afghanistan 1-Jul-61
2 Albania 23-May-72
3 Algeria 29-Apr-68
4 Andorra 22-Sep-06
5 Argentina 1-Jan-62
6 Armenia 26-Mar-93
7 Australia 15-Feb-60
8 Austria 15-Aug-59
9 Azerbaijan 28-Feb-95
10 Bahrain 13-Jan-77
11 Bangladesh 8-Apr-72
12 Belarus 19-Jul-93
13 Belgium 19-Aug-63
14 Bhutan 3-Jun-83
15 Bolivia 21-May-87
16 Bosnia-Herzegovina 12-Jan-00
17 Botswana 8-Jan-09
18 Brazil 7-Feb-76
19 Brunei 3-Feb-84
20 Bulgaria 15-Apr-68
21 Cambodia (Kampuchea) 18-Apr-75
22 Canada 18-Jan-65
23 Chile 1962
24 Colombia 7-May-87
25 Congo 22-Sep-06
26 Costa Rica 16-Aug-77
27 Croatia 6-Feb-98
28 Cuba 25-Mar-75
29 Cyprus 18-Aug-80
30 Czech Republic 2-Mar-94
31 Denmark 15-Dec-67
32 Dominican Republic 28-Sep-07
33 DPR of Korea 15-May-74
34 Egypt 16-Jul-57
35 Equator 21-Jun-06
36 Estonia 20-Apr-92
37 Ethiopia 15-Apr-71
38 Fiji 12-Jun-86
39 Finland 21-Sep-74
40 FR of Germany 4-Apr-58
41 France 20-Apr-49
42 Gabon Republic 17-Jun-85
43 Georgia 22-Sep-05
44 Greece 2-Feb-190
45 Guatemala 8-Aug-06
46 Guyana 22-Jun-94
47 Haiti 23-May-07
48 Holy See 10-Sep-83
49 Honduras 18-Aug-06
50 Hungary 15-Jan-61
51 Iceland 25-May-81
52 India 13-Jun-47
53 Indonesia 25-Dec-60
54 Iran 14-Dec-64
55 Iraq 30-Oct-68
56 Ireland 19-Aug-99
57 Islamic Republic of Mauritania 4-Dec-12
58 Israel 1-Jun-60
59 Italy 31-Aug-59
60 Japan 28-Jul-56
61 Jordan 20-Aug-65
62 Kenya 3-Jun-75
63 Kuwait 25-Feb-72
64 Kyrgyzstan 26-Mar-93
65 Laos 20-May-60
66 Latvia 20-Apr-92
67 Lebanon 18-Aug-63
68 Lesotho 18-May-10
69 Libya 30-Dec-75
70 Lithuania 8-Feb-05
71 Luxembourg 27-Nov-75
72 Macedonia 6-Jan-98
73 Malaysia 1-Jan-60
74 Maldives 1-Aug-80
75 Mali 19-Nov-09
76 Malta 25-Sep-83
77 Mauritius 12-Feb-81
78 Mexico 25-Nov-75
79 Moldova 20-Jul-93
80 Mongolia 5-Jan-61
81 Montenegro 18-Jul-11
82 Morocco 18-Feb-75
83 Mozambique 30-Sep-86
84 Myanmar (Burma) 19-Mar-60
85 Netherlands 2-Apr-60
86 New Zealand May-61
87 Nicaragua 5-Oct-86
88 Nigeria 20-Dec-75
89 Norway 26-Jan-73
90 Oman 21-Jan-77
91 Oriental Republic of Uruguay 18-Apr-12
92 Pakistan 20-Mar-60
93 Panama 15-Feb-84
94 Paraguay 2-Aug-06
95 Peru 28-Jan-76
96 Philippines 12-Feb-60
97 Poland 25-Nov-59
98 Portugal 1-Sep-76
99 PR of China 1-Aug-55
100 Qatar 21-Jan-77
101 Republic of Korea 15-May-74
102 Republic of Tajikistan 13-Sep-05
103 Romania 20-Apr-68
104 Russian Federation 20-Jul-56
105 Saint Vincent 27-Sep-07
106 Samoa 28-Mar-13
107 Sanmarino 10-Aug-05
108 Saudi Arabia 15-Mar-77
109 Seychelles 10-Oct-96
110 Singapore 25-Mar-69
111 Slovak Republic 4-Mar-94
112 Slovenia 2-Dec-97
113 Solomon Island 15-Dec-11
114 Somalia 24-Oct-84
115 South Africa 28-Jul-94
116 Spain 13-May-68
117 Sri Lanka 1-Jul-57
118 Sudan 11-Jul-69
119 Sweden 10-Jun-60
120 Switzerland 10-Nov-59
121 Syria 26-Feb-70
122 Tanzania 10-Jan-75
123 Thailand 30-Nov-60
124 Tunisia 14-Apr-84
125 Turkey 15-Nov-62
126 Turkmenistan 17-Oct-05
127 Tuvalu 11-Dec-12
128 Ukraine 15-Jan-93
129 United Arab Emirates 22-Jan-77
130 United Kingdom 1816
131 USA 25-Apr-47
132 Vanuatu 19-Sep-06
133 Venezuela 28-Apr-87
134 Vietnam 15-May-75
135 Yemen 25-Dec-85
136 Zambia 10-Sep-86
137 Zimbabwe 27-Nov-84
138 Papua New Guinea 12-Apr-2013

Benefits that we can get from friendly nations

Friendly relations with other countries help to get knowledge about the geography and life of people in other countries. Keeping good relation helps in the economic development as the donor countries increase. Friendly countries help in promoting tourism industry in our country. It helps in earning foreign currency. The friendly nations provide scholarships to Nepalese students for their higher studies. It will help our country to get quick progress.

  • Nepal has maintained diplomatic relations with many countries. Nepal is a member of south Asian association for regional corporation (SAARC) countries.
  • The foreign policy of Nepal is based on non-alignment and the five principles of Panchaseel non- interference, non- violence, peaceful coexistence, mutual cooperation and respect for other’s sovereignty.
  • Friendly relations with other countries help to get knowledge about the geography and life of people of other countries.
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Very Short Questions

Nepal has adopted Non-Alignment movement as its foreign policy. It is adherent to the Panchasheel. It participates and expresses its opinions in meetings and conferences of all the regional and international organizations which it belongs to. Nepal is committed to the Charter of NAM, SAARC and the UN. Nepal has also remained as the member of Security Council.

The member countries of SAARC are as follows: -

  1. Nepal
  2. India
  3. Sri Lanka
  4. Bangladesh
  5. Bhutan
  6. Maldives
  7. Afghanistan
  8. Pakistan

0%
  • Which of the following country is not the member of SAARC?

    Japan
    Bangladesh
    Bhutan
    India
  • Which of the following principle is not included in principles of Panchaseel?

    non- violence
    mutual cooperation
    Liberty
    peaceful coexistence
  • The foreign policy of Nepal is based on ______.

    Non aligned policy only


    non-alignment and principle of panchaseel


    none of the options are correct


    Principles of Panchaseel only


  • Nepal was widely exposed to the world after the end of Rana rule in______.

    2006 BS


    2004 BS


    2005 BS


    2007 BS


  • When did Nepal open itself to outside world?

    after 2007 BS
    after 2025 BS
    after 2043 BS
    after 2016 BS
  • Which does not fall under Panchasheel?

    Non-interference


    Non-invasion


    Non-sovereignty


    Equality


  • What is the benefit in having friendly relation with other nation?

    They can understand our culture.


    We can learn and adopt their ways of development.


    We can understand their culture.


    They give us financial Aid.


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