Note on Passage 2

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Florance Nightingale was born in Florance, Italy, on 12 May 1820. She was well educated and when she grew up into a young woman, her family was concerned about finding her a good husband. But Florence refused to marry and, at the age of twenty-five, told her parents she wanted to become a nurse. Her family repeatedly opposed her. In those days, hospitals were often dirty and dark, and the nurses were untrained women. But she refused to change her mind and finally, in 1851, Florence,s father gave her permission to train as a nurse.

Florence went to Germany, where she studied to become a nurse. Two years later, she was appointed superintendent of a hospital for invalid women in Harley Street, London.

In March 1853, Russia invaded Turkey. Britain and France went to Turkey's aid in this conflict known as the Crimean War. Within a few weeks of their arrival, about 8000 soldiers were suffering from cholera and malaria. When Florence read a report on this in The Times, she volunteered her service. The government refused permission at first because women had never been involved in such things before. But eventually, it allowed her to take a group of thirty-eight nurses to Turkey.

Florence found the conditions in the army hospital in Scutari, Turkey, deeply shocking. The men were kept in dirty rooms without blankets or decent food and clothes. In these conditions, it was not surprising that diseasessuch as typhus, cholera and dysentery were the main reasons for the high death-rate amongst wounded soldiers.

At first, military officers and doctors objected to Florence's involvement in treating the wounded soldiers. But when her friends at the Times reported the way, the British Army treated its wounded soldiers, she was allowed to work in the barracks hospital. By improving the quality of sanitation, she was able to reduce the death-rate among her patients considerably. She was called 'the lady with the lamp' by the BritishSoldiers because of the late hours she worked tending to the sick and the wounded, carrying a lamp in her hand.

In 1856, Florence Nightingale returned to England as a national figure. In October 1856, she had a long interview with Queen Victoria and Prince Albert about improving the quality of nursing in military hospitals. This resulted in the formation of the Army Medical College.

In later life, Florence Nightingale suffered from poor health. She died in London on 13 August 1810.

Very Short Questions

  1. The war between Russia and Turkey in which Britain and France went to turkey's aid is known as CrimenaWar.
  2. The government didn't accept FLorence's voluntary service because women had never been involved in such things before.
  3. The condition of the army hospital in Turkey was deeply shocking. The men were kept in dirty rooms without blankets or decent food and clothes.
  4. Florence was called 'the lady with the lamp' because of the late hours she worked tending to the sick and the wounded, carrying a lamp in her hand.
  5. Her family was anxious about finding her a good husband.
  6. Her curiosity was to become a nurse.
  7. She wasn't permitted to be a nurse before 1851 because in those days hospitals were often dirty and dark, and the nurses were untrained women.
  8. She volunteered her services to the war victims of Turkey.
  9. Florence Nightingale was first appointed as a superintendent of a hospital in Harley Street, London because she completed her training to become a nurse.
  10. The diseases such as typhus, cholera and dysentery which are caused due to the bad situation of the army hospital caused the large number of deaths amongst the wounded soldiers.
  11. Florance Nightingale improved the quality of sanitation to help bring down the death-rate.
  12. The result of her interview with Queen Victoria and Prince Albert was formation of the Army Medical College.
  13. Florence Nightingale's parents opposed her decision to be a nurse because in those days hospitals were often dirty and dark, and the nurses were untrained women.
  14. Florence Nightingale was born in Florence, Italy, on 12 May 1820.
  15. Florence Nightingale went to Germany for study of nurse.
  16. The countries that assisted Turkey in the Crimean War are: Britain and France
  17. The Government at first refused her permission to go to Turkey because women had never been involved in such things before.

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prakash mahata

please type the actual meaning and fixed date .there could written date of death of florence nightingale is before her birth.


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why was florence nightingale's family worried?


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Anna

No exercises in this new version.......


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