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Note on Long Jump

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Long Jump

The act of stepping on the take-off board with a run and jumping long distance is called long jump. Good long jump requires a fast running, good take off, jumping high and proper landing. We will explain them step by step as under:

Approach Run

The gradual running before attempting the actual long jump is called approach run. The runway should be approximately 30 meters. Running speed should be at the maximum controlled speed at the take off board. Controlled speed means to be able to see the take-off board while running and save capacity to jump from the take-off board. This way, in the beginning the athlete should run slowly then accelerate the speed gradually as the take-off board approaches closer.

Take Off

Our running velocity should be very high just before reaching the take-off board. Three or four steps before the take off the feet should be adjusted for the take-off. At the time of take-off, the body should be straight. After stepping with the take-off foot on the take-off board, the other leg should be kicked in front and high and leave the ground. At this time, we should pull the arms forward and upwards from behind.

Flight

After the take-off, we should fly forward and upwards and the activity executed in the air in called flight. Here we will practice hand style for the flight with hands stretched upwards.Once we fly up from the take-off board then we pull the leading leg backward. This action brings both the legs behind the body. While kicking backward, the action of the hands also should be as if they are in a hanging position and this enables the body to come forward.

Landing

At the time of landing both the hands should be pulled forward hard and both the legs also should be kicked forward. When we are about to land our feet in the sand pit, then the feet should be brought forward and together trying to push the body forwards as well.

Activities

Mainly the approach and the take-off should be proper while practicing long jump. If the approach and take-off are not properly executed then it in not be possible to increase the distance of the jump. If any athlete runs well and executes take-off from the proper place then his approach and take-off in considered to be good. We have to practice many times for this. First we should step with left foot near the take-off board and run 20 meters on the runway towards approach as if we are running for the long jump. The 20th step should be marked. After this, if we put the left foot behind the mark and run 20 steps then we step on the take-off board with our left leg. If we practice this 5-6 times a day we should be able to take-off properly. If our takeoff foot in right then the leg’s positioning should be vice versa or opposite.

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Practice of Flight and Landing

One 30-40 centimeters tall box, bench or any hard material should be kept to practice the flight and landing. If a springboard in available then it in much better. He should run a few steps and take off from it and jump high. When you are about to reach the maximum height stretch your hands and legs backward then bring them forward for landing. If this exercise in also practiced a few times daily then you should be able to execute the good long jump.

  • The act of stepping on the take-off board with a run and jumping long in called long jump. Good long jump requires a fast running, good take off, jumping high and proper landing.
  • The gradual running before attempting the actual long jump in called approach run.
  • Our running velocity should be very high just before reaching the take off board. Three or four steps before the take off the feet should be adjusted for the take-off.
  • After the take-off we should fly forward and upwards and the activity executed in the air in called flight. Here we will practice hang style for the flight with hands stretched upwards.
  • At the time of landing both the hands should be pulled forward hard and both the legs also should be kicked forward.
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Very Short Questions

Approach Run:

The gradual running before attempting the actual long jump in called approach run. The runway should be approximately 30 meters. Running speed should be at the maximum controlled speed at the take off board. Controlled speed means to be able to see the take-off board while running and save capacity to jump from the take-off board. This way in the beginning the athlete should run slowly then accelerate the speed gradually as the take-off board approaches closer.

Flight:

After the take-off, we should fly forward and upwards and the activity executed in the air in called flight. Here we will practice hang style for the flight with hands stretched upwards.Once we fly up from the take-off board then we pull the leading leg backwards. This action brings both the legs behind the body. While kicking backwardthe action of the hands also should be as if they are in a hanging position and this enables the body to come forward.

Mainly, the approach and the take-off should be proper while practicing long jump. If the approach and take-off are not properly executed then it in not be possible to increase the distance of the jump. If any athlete runs well and executes take-off from the proper place then his approach and take-off is considered to be good. We have to practice this for many times. First we should step with left foot near the take-off board and run 20 meters on the runway towards approach as if we are running for the long jump. The 20th step should be marked. After this, if we put the left foot behind the mark and run 20 steps then we step on the take-off board with our left leg. If we practice this 5-6 times a day, we could be able to take-off properly. If our take-off foot is right then the leg’s positioning should be vice versa or opposite.

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  • The act of stepping on the take-off board with a run and jumping long in called ______.

    back jump


    long jump


    high jump


    triple jump


  • Good long jump requires a ______.

    good take off


    jumping high


    fast running


    all the options are correct


  • The gradual running before attempting the actual long jump is called _______. 

    approach run


    angle run


    all the options are correct


    final run


  • The runway should be approximately ______.

    50 centimeters


    12 meters


    30 meters


    5 meters


  • After the take-off, we should fly forward and upwards and the activity executed in the air in called ______.

    landing


    spiking


    flight


    dribbling


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