Note on Political Activities During Rana Regime

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Junga Bahadur Rana
Junga Bahadur Rana

The various political events have played a vital role in ending the Rana Regime. The following are the main activities that help to end the rule of Rana: -

Europe visits of Jung Bahadur Rana

Junga Bahadur went to Britain in order to establish a good relationship with the queen of Britain as well as to study the social, economic, physical and political activities of Britain. After visiting Europe for a year he became impressed and established Muluki Ain and started English education in Nepal.

Nepal-Tibet War

There was the war between Nepal and Tibet due to the misbehavior to the Nepalese living in Lhasa during the regime of Jung Bahadur Rana, border encroachment, and the Nepalese lawyer was expelled.

Thapathali Treaty

The treaty between Nepal and Tibet in the Thapathali Durbar signed on Chaitra 3, 1912 BS in order to end the war between Nepal and Tibet is known as Thapathali Treaty. This treaty was in favor of Nepal. According to this treaty, Nepal would get Rs. 10,000 from the government of Tibet. This treaty also made the Nepalese to live in Lhasa.

38 Year Event

The conspiracy to kill the then Prime Minister Ranodip Singh and his brother Dhir Shumsher in 1938 BS is called 38-year event. There was the inclusiveness of Yuvraj Trailokya, Jagat Jung, Subba Hom Nath Khatiwoda, Uttar Dhwoj Khawa, etc. in this event.

42 Year Event

The event in which the sons of Dhir Shumsher killed their uncle Ranodip Singh and overtook the throne is called the event of 42 years. This event was called the event of 42 years because it was held in 1942 BS. After this event, the regime of Jung Bahadur’s family ended and the regime of Shumsher family was started.

Prachanda Gorkha

Umesh Bikram Shah, Ranga Nath Sharma, Khadgaman Singh and Main Bahadur established Prachanda Gorkha in 1988 and action to end the Rana Regime. That matter was enclosed by Laxman Prasad and so the entire property of Umesh Bikram and he was exiled and others were jailed. This was called Prachanda Gorkha Event. This had played an important role to end the Rana Regime.

Library Event

There was no permission to establish library during Rana regime.During the rule of Bhim Shumsher, 45-46 people including Jogbir Singh, Laxmi Prasad Devkota, and Krishna Prasad Katiwoda planned to establish a library. All were arrested as their idea of establishing library was exposed before submitting the demand paper of more than 40 people. 100/100 rupees fine was taken from all those who were arrested, but the library was not opened.

Praja Parishad

Praja Parishad was established as the first political organization of Nepal on Jestha 20, 1993 BS in Kathmandu. Its main objective was to end Rana regime and establish Democracy. Its founders were Dharma Bhakta Mathema, Tanka Prasad Acharya, Dashrath Chand, Jeevan Sharma and Ram Hari Sharma. There was the economic support of King Tribhuwan for this organization. The members of this organization were arrested and the four of them Dharma Bhakta Mathema, Sukhraraj Shastri, Ganga Lal Shrestha and Dashrath Chand were killed.

Nepalese Citizen Rights Committee

This committee was established in 1994 BS in the house of Raja Lal Kalwar near to Asan. It aimed at creating awareness through pamphlets and articles. The chairman of this committee was Sukharaj Shastri. Sukharaj Shastri, Kedarnath Byetith, Muralidhar Sharma, Ganga Lal Shrestha, etc. were the members of this committee.

Jayatu Sanskritam Aandolan

The strike that was carried out by the students of Rajakiya Sanskrit School situated at Ranipokhari on Ashar 4, 2004 BS, demanding that study of economics, geography, history, politics, etc. should be started. This strike done by those students is simply called Jayatu Sanskritam Aandolan. This helped the democratic strike of Nepal.

  • The political events have played a vital role in ending the Rana Regime. 
  • There was a war between Nepal and Tibet due to the misbehavior to the Nepalese living in Lhasa during the regime of Jung Bahadur Rana, border encroachment, and the Nepalese lawyer was expelled.
  • The conspiracy to kill Prime Minister Ranodip Singh and his brother Dhir Shumsher in 1938 BS is called 38-year event.
  • The event in which the sons of Dhir Shumsher killed their uncle Ranodip Singh and overtook the throne is called the event of 42 years.
  • Praja Parishad was established as the first political organization of Nepal on Jestha 20, 1993 BS in Kathmandu.
.

Very Short Questions

Praja Parishad was established as the first political organization of Nepal on Jestha 20, 1993 BS in Kathmandu. Its main objective was to end Rana regime and establish Democracy. Its founders were Dharma Bhakta Mathema, Tanka Prasad Acharya, Dashrath Chand, Jeevan Sharma and Ram Hari Sharma. There was the economic support of King Tribhuwan for this organization. The members of this organization were arrested and the four of them Dharma Bhakta Mathema, Sukhraraj Shastri, Ganga Lal Shrestha and Dashrath Chand were killed.

There was no permission to establish library during Rana regime.During the rule of Bhim Shumsher, 45-46 people including Jogbir Singh, Laxmi Prasad Devkota, and Krishna Prasad Katiwoda planned to establish a library. All were arrested as their idea of establishing library was exposed before submitting the demand paper of more than 40 people. 100/100 rupees fine was taken from all those who were arrested, but the library was not opened.

Umesh Bikram Shah, Ranga Nath Sharma, Khadgaman Singh and Main Bahadur established Prachanda Gorkha in 1988 and action to end the Rana Regime. That matter was enclosed by Laxman Prasad and so the entire property of Umesh Bikram and he was exiled and others were jailed. This was called Prachanda Gorkha Event. This had played an important role to end the Rana Regime.

The event in which the sons of Dhir Shumsher killed their uncle Ranodip Singh and overtook the throne is called the event of 42 year. This event was called the event of 42 year because it was held in 1942 BS. After this event the regime of Jung Bahadur’s family ended and the regime of Shumsher family was started.

The conspiracy to kill the then Prime Minister Ranodip Singh and his brother Dhir Shumsher in 1938 BS is called 38 year event. There was the inclusiveness of Yuvraj Trailokya, Jagat Jung, Subba Hom Nath Khatiwoda, Uttar Dhwoj Khawa, etc. in this event.

The treaty between Nepal and Tibet in the Thapathali Durbar signed on Chaitra 3, 1912 BS in order to end the war between Nepal and Tibet is known as Thapathali Treaty. This treaty was in favor of Nepal. According to this treaty, Nepal would get Rs. 10,000 from the government of Tibet. This treaty also made the Nepalese to live in Lhasa.

The following arethe political events that took place during Rana Regime: -

  1. Europe visit of Junga Bahadur Rana
  2. Nepal-Tibet War
  3. Thapathali Treaty
  4. 38 Year Event
  5. 42 Year Event
  6. Prachanda Gorkha
  7. Library Event
  8. Praja Parishad
  9. Nepalese Citizen Rights Committee
  10. Jayatu Sanskritam Aandolan

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  • Why did Jung Bahadur go to Britain?

    To establish good relation with the queen of Britain


    To attend a ceremony


    To get the citizenship of Britain


    To establish good relation with the prime minister of Britain


  • When was Thapathali Treaty signed?

    Magh 18, 1921 BS


    Chaitra 3, 1912 BS


    Jestha 12, 1912 BS


    Mangsir 3, 1920 BS


  • Praja Parishad was established on ______.

    Jestha 20, 1993 BS


    Magh 20, 1993 BS


    Ashar 2, 1998 BS


    Jestha 20, 2001 BS


  • When did Jayatu Sanskritam Aandolan take place?

    Chaitra 6, 1990 BS


    Jestha 4, 2040 BS


    Magh 14, 1998 BS


    Ashar 4, 2004 BS


  • When did Nepalese Citizen Rights Committee establish?

    1994 BS


    2000 BS


    2012 BS


    1999 BS


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DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS NOTE

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Abdur Rahman

How did Jung bahadur try to modernize the administration?


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What was the first political party of Nepal?


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Biraj

I would like to learn more about Raja Lal Kalwar who was among founder of Nepalese Citizen Rights Committee. Could I get any book or documents with more info on such ?


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jharana

why was Praja Parisad established?


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