US President Franklin D Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met in the Atlantic Ocean and decided to prevent the world from any type of war and to maintain collective peace and security throughout the world. So, a treaty called ' Atlantic Charter' was signed in the Atlantic Ocean. 4 years after the treaty was signed, on 24th October 1945, 15 countries formally established UNO which headquarter is in New York, USA.
The UNO has 6 organs. They are explained as follows: -
UNO was established on 24th October, 1945 AD. Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of Britain and Franklin D. Roosevelt, the President of USA are the two important persons who played a vital role in establishment of UNO. They discussed about the measures to be taken to restore peace and security in the world after the meeting on a battleship in the Atlantic Ocean in August 1941. They jointly issued a declaration charter known as the Atlantic Charter. Finally, UNO was established and the credit goes to them.
We can ask the following model questions to the general secretary of UN regarding the current affairs.
UNO, the only such world trusted humanitarian organization, has multi-dimensional functions. It has got 6 organs. Among them the Security Councilis establishment of the UNO, this organs work very importantly.
The structure of UNO is of two bases. On the one hand there are 5 permanent members like USA, Russia, China, Britain and France. They have got special veto power to use in special conditions. On the other hand 10 countries are temporarily elected from the UN member countries in the tenure of 2 years.
The main functions of UN are to maintain peace and security.
Right to use veto power is in the hands of the five permanent member countries of the Security Council. As the result these countries have become most powerful. This is not right. At the same time of establishment of the UNO, probably it was an appropriate step taken by the founding nations, but, now in 21st century, there are many other countries which have emerged as the new power. They also contribute to run activities of the UNO. Either there should not be any provision of such permanent membership or, it should be broadly revised including other countries on the basis of their areas, population, economic status etc. The UN Security Council should be impartial and responsible to maintain peace and security in the world.
Any four reasons to establish UNO are:
Which of them is not the principle of UNO?
Based on sovereign equality of all its members.
All the members should fulfill the charter of organization.
It can intervene with domestic jurisdiction of any nation.
It cannot intervene with domestic jurisdiction of any nation.
Which organ of the UN works for social, economic, cultural and humanitarian activities?
The Trusteeship Council
The Economic and Social Council
The Security Council