Note on United Nations Organizations and Its Organs

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UNO
UNO

United Nations Organization

US President Franklin D Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met in the Atlantic Ocean and decided to prevent the world from any type of war and to maintain collective peace and security throughout the world. So, a treaty called ' Atlantic Charter' was signed in the Atlantic Ocean. 4 years after the treaty was signed, on 24th October 1945, 15 countries formally established UNO which headquarter is in New York, USA.

Objectives of UNO

  1. To maintain international peace and security
  2. To develop friendly relations with nations on the basis of respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of people.
  3. To cooperate in international, social, cultural, economic, human rights and to promote human and fundamental rights
  4. To be the centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attainment of achieving goal

Organs of the UNO

The UNO has 6 organs. They are explained as follows: -

  1. General Assembly: It is the parliament of the UN. It is represented by all the member states. Every member states can send 5 representatives, but it can cast only one vote. Its main functions are to pass the budget of the UN, discuss international issues, amend the Charter if required and elect the members to the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council.
  2. Security Council: It is the executive of the UN. It has 5 permanent and 10 temporary members elected by the General Assembly for a term of two years. Its main functions are to maintain world peace, recommend for the membership of new nations and make recommendations for the appointment of Secretary General and judges.
  3. The Economic and Social Council: It attempts to create the world stability, prosperity, and justice. It has 54 member states elected by the General Assembly for a 3-year term. It works as per the direction of the General Assembly. It deals with the problems related to society, education, health, culture and economy.
  4. Trusteeship Council: According to the Charter, this organ works for the development and cooperation between the nations which were created after World War II or for the nations which could not work independently. It has 7 administrative and 7 non-administrative members. It consists of 5 permanent nations, administrative nations of trust areas and other nations elected for three years.
  5. International Court of Justice: It is the chief judicial organ of the UN. It has 15 judges elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council for a term of 9 years. The judges can be re-elected. Five judges vacate their posts every 3 years. It settles the disputes among the nations. Its headquarters is situated in the Hague, Holland.
  6. Secretariat: There is a secretariat which runs the day-to-day administration of the UN. It has a Secretary General elected by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council for a term of 5 years. It conducts various activities to maintain peace, organizes international conferences for important worldwide issues, and publishes reports regarding human rights, situation, disarmament etc.

  • UNO stands for United Nations Organization.
  • 4 years after the Atlantic Treaty was signed, on 24th October 1945, 15 countries formally established UNO which headquarter is in New York, USA.
  • General Assembly is the parliament of the UN. It is represented by all the member states. 
  • Security Council has 5 permanent and 10 temporary members elected by the General Assembly for a term of two years.
  • There is a secretariat which runs the day-to-day administration of the UN. 
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Very Short Questions

UNO was established on 24th October, 1945 AD. Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of Britain and Franklin D. Roosevelt, the President of USA are the two important persons who played a vital role in establishment of UNO. They discussed about the measures to be taken to restore peace and security in the world after the meeting on a battleship in the Atlantic Ocean in August 1941. They jointly issued a declaration charter known as the Atlantic Charter. Finally, UNO was established and the credit goes to them.

We can ask the following model questions to the general secretary of UN regarding the current affairs.

  1. Would you please say what policies the UN is making to keep all countries under its norms and values?
  2. How can the world be kept safe from atomic explosion?
  3. How can we minimize global warming?
  4.  What strategies should be applied to control the population of developing countries and bring development in those countries?

UNO, the only such world trusted humanitarian organization, has multi-dimensional functions. It has got 6 organs. Among them the Security Councilis establishment of the UNO, this organs work very importantly.
The structure of UNO is of two bases. On the one hand there are 5 permanent members like USA, Russia, China, Britain and France. They have got special veto power to use in special conditions. On the other hand 10 countries are temporarily elected from the UN member countries in the tenure of 2 years.
The main functions of UN are to maintain peace and security.

  1. In parts of the world which has been in sensitive condition because of civil war, revolt and violence causing terror the UN peace keeping task force is recommended to do their jobs.
  2. It has power to prepare the names according to which the general assembly appoints secretary general of UN.
  3. It gives pressure through counseling in resolving disputes and establish peace through dialogues, negotiation etc.
  4. It can recommend to the general assembly in the subjects of taking new member countries of the suspension from the UN membership.

Right to use veto power is in the hands of the five permanent member countries of the Security Council. As the result these countries have become most powerful. This is not right. At the same time of establishment of the UNO, probably it was an appropriate step taken by the founding nations, but, now in 21st century, there are many other countries which have emerged as the new power. They also contribute to run activities of the UNO. Either there should not be any provision of such permanent membership or, it should be broadly revised including other countries on the basis of their areas, population, economic status etc. The UN Security Council should be impartial and responsible to maintain peace and security in the world.

Any four reasons to establish UNO are:

  1. To maintain peace and understanding throughout the world.
  2. To prevent the wars in future as first and second world wars brought heavy destruction of life and property.
  3. To bring social and economical reforms in the world by assisting the poor countries.
  4. As League of Nations failed in the mission to establish peace and harmony in the world.

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  • Which of them is not the principle of UNO?

    It can intervene with domestic jurisdiction of any nation.


    Based on sovereign equality of all its members.


    All the members should fulfill the charter of organization.


    It cannot intervene with domestic jurisdiction of any nation.


  • How many organs does UNO have ?

    6
    4
    5
    3
  • When did Franklin D Roosevelt and Winston Churchill signed a treaty to establish a world organization?

    1941
    1945
    1951
    1948
  • When was UN established?

    27th October, 1948 AD
    23rd November, 1945 AD
    15th October, 1942 AD
    24th October, 1945 AD
  • Which organ of the UN passes the budgets for UN?

    General Assembly
    The Secretarist
    The Economic and Social Council
    The Security Council
  • Which organ of the UN mobilizes the peace keeping forces to maintain peace and security?

    The Economic and Social Council
    General Assembly
    The Secretarist
    The Security Council
  • Which organ of the UN settles the dispute among the countries?

    The Economic and Social Council
    International Court of Justice
    General Assembly
    The Secretarist
  • Which organ of the UN implements the decision made by General Assembly?

    General Assembly
    The Economic and Social Council
    The Security Council
    The Secretarist
  • Which organ of the UN looks after the defeated countries and colonies that got independence after world war?

    The Security Council
    General Assembly
    The Trusteeship Council
    The Economic and Social Council
  • Which organ of the UN works for social, economic, cultural and humanitarian activities?

    The Trusteeship Council


    The Security Council


    General Assembly


    The Economic and Social Council


  • Ban Ki Moon is the citizen of which country?

    Russia
    South Korea
    UK
    United States
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DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS NOTE

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pragati rana

Mention the advantages of Nepal being a member of the UNO?


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Rohan gorkhe

who introduced the concept of establishing UNO ?


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Mansa

What is Veto?


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astha

explain composition and function of security council of the UN


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