Note on Zones and Districts of Nepal

  • Note
  • Things to remember
  • Videos
  • Exercise
  • Quiz

Nepal is a landlocked Himalayan country bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east and west. It has an area of 1,47,181 sq.km which is only 0.3% of the total landmass of Asia and 0.03% of the world. Despite its vast resources, Nepal has remained a backward country for years. Among several causes, one is the country’s difficult physical structure. Nepal, though small, is one of the few countries of the world with most varied land topography.

Based on its landform and climate, Nepal is divided into three regions: the Himalayan Region, the Hilly Region and the Terai Region. These are distinct ecological regions running west-east horizontally. The high mountains in the north, the moderate Mahabharat hills in the centre and undulating chure hills with their sheltered lowland in the south are the predominant landscapes of the country.

As we know government alone cannot take care of the whole country, so to carry out uniform development to increase people's participation, to use resources, to decentralize the power our country is divided into 5 development regions, 14 zones and 75 districts. Such regions are known as Administrative Regions. Each district is headed by a chief district officer (CDO) and is responsible for maintaining law and order and coordinating the work of field agencies of the various government ministries.

The division of districts of Nepal according to the zones is shown in the following table:

Development Region Zones Districts
Eastern Development Region Mechi

Koshi

Sagarmatha

Taplejung, Panchthar, Ilam, Jhapa

Morang, Sunsari, Dhankuta, Terhathum, Bhojpur, Sankhuwasabha

Saptari, Siraha, Udaypur, Khotang, Okhaldhunga, Solukhumbu

Central Development Region Janakpur

Bagmati


Narayani

Mahottari, Dhanusha, Sarlahi, Sindhuli, Ramechhap, Dolakha

Kavre Palanchok, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Sindhupalchok, Rasuwa, Dhading, Nuwakot

Rautahat, Bara, Parsa, Chitwan, Makwanpur

Western Development Region Gandaki

Dhaulagiri

Lumbini

Kaski, Tanahun, Lamjung, Gorkha, Syanjhya, Manang

Parbat, Myagdi, Baglung, Mustang

Rupandehi, Nawalparasi, Kapilbastu, Arghakhanchi, Gulmi, Palpa

Mid-Western Development Region Karnali

Rapti

Bheri

Dolpa, Jumla, Mugu, Humla, Kalikot

Dang, Salyan, Pyuthan, Rolpa, Rukum

Banke, Bardiya, Surkhet, Dailekh, Jajarkot

Far-Western Development Region Seti

Mahakali

Kailali, Doti, Accham, Bajura, Bajhang

Kanchanpur, Dadeldhura, Baitadi, Darchula

  • Nepal is a landlocked Himalayan country bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east and west. 
  • Nepal has an area of 1,47,181 sq.km which is only 0.3% of the total landmass of Asia and 0.03% of the world. 
  • Nepal is divided into 5 development regions, 14 zones and 75 districts.
  • Nepal, though small, is one of the country of the world with most varied land topography.
.

Very Short Questions

Nepal is divided into districts due to the following reasons:

  • For the balanced development in every region
  • For the utilization of local resources of the place
  • For the effective administration of the place
  • For the proportional representation of different people of different regions in the government.

Nepal is a landlocked Himalayan country bordered by China in the north and India to the south, east and west. It has an area of 1,47,181 sq.km which is only 0.3% of the total landmass of Asia and 0.03% of the world. Despite its vast resources, Nepal has remained a backward country for years. Among several causes, one is the country’s difficult physical structure. Nepal, though small, is one of the few countries of the world with most varied land topography. Based on its landform and climate, Nepal is divided into three regions: the Himalayan Region, the Hilly Region and the Terai Region. These are distinct ecological regions running west-east horizontally. The high mountains in the north, the moderate Mahabharat hills in the centre and undulating Cure hills with their sheltered lowland in the south are the predominant landscapes of the country.

The following are the districts that touch the border of China: -

  1. Humla
  2. Mugu
  3. Dolpa
  4. Mustang
  5. Manang
  6. Gorkha
  7. Rasuwa
  8. Sindhupalchok
  9. Dolakha
  10. Solukhumbu
  11. Sankhuwasabha

The following are the districts that touch the border of India: -

  1. Darchula
  2. Baitadi
  3. Dadeldhura
  4. Kanchanpur
  5. Kailali
  6. Bardiya
  7. Banke
  8. Dang
  9. Kapilbastu
  10. Rupandehi
  11. Nawalparasi
  12. Chitwan
  13. Parsa
  14. Bara
  15. Rautahat
  16. Sarlahi
  17. Mahottari
  18. Dhanusha
  19. Siraha
  20. Saptari
  21. Sunsari
  22. Morang

0%
  • What is the full form of CDO?

    Chief Development Officer


    Central District Officer


    Chief District Officer


    Central Development Organization


  • What is the area of Nepal?

    1,47,181 sq.km


    1,57,181 sq.km


    1,47,100 sq.km


    2,47,181 sq.km


  • How many districts are there in Central Development Region?

    25 districts


    13 districts


    19 districts


    16 districts


  • In which development region does Narayani lie?

    Central Development Region
    Eastern Development Region
    Western Development Region
    Mid-Western Development Region
  • What percent of the total landmass of the world has Nepal covered?

    0.03%


    3%


    0.09%


    0.3%


  • You scored /5


    Take test again

DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS NOTE

You must login to reply

Forum Time Replies Report
zones that touch indian


You must login to reply