Note on Animals in the Verge of Extinction

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Various birds and animals, which are considered as rare, are found in various parts of Nepal.

The following are the rare animals and birds of Nepal: -

1. Clouded leopard (Dhuwase Chituwa)

Scientific name: Neofelis Nebulosa

It is found in the dense forest of mid-hill. It has clouded body with spots in various parts. It looks very attractive. It has simple nature and it is harmless. It has been listed as endangered animal. Its number is getting reduced day by day due to the destruction of their shelter. It is killed for the sale of its teeth and skin. It is found in the Langtang National Park, Makalu Barun National Park, and Annapurna Conservation Area.

2. Red panda (Habre)

Scientific Name: Ailurus Fulgens

It is found at the height of 3,500 meters in the forest of bamboo, cane, and oaks. It is little bigger than the cat of moderate size. It lives in cool temperate climate it survives by eating grass, fruit and pulp of bamboo and cane. It is hunted for its beautiful skin with soft and fine hair. Its number is reducing day by day. It has reached vanishing stage. It is found in Langtang National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, and Makalu-Barun National Park.

3. One-horned rhinoceros (Eksinge Hatti)

Scientific Name: Diceros Bicornis

It is found in Shiwalik and the Terai region of Nepal. Chitwan National Park and Bardiya National Park are the main shelters of it. It likes the place of wet grassland and sal forest. The green grass and different kinds of fruits are its food. It is hunted because of the special importance of its horn, foot nail, and skin. Its lifespan is about 40-50 years.

4. Bengal tiger (Pate Bagh)

Scientific Name: Panthera Tigris

Bengal tiger is found in the forest of Terai region. It is also protected the animal in Nepal. This tiger is found in Chitwan National Park, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Bardiya National Park and Suklapahanta Wildlife Reserve. This tiger refers the dense forest, meadow, and wetland. It is in endangered stage due to its illegal smuggling. Its lifespan is about 15 years.

5. Asiatic Elephant (Hatti)

Scientific Name: Elephas Maximus

The elephant is found in the forest of Terai region. Chure hill to the lower plain forest area is the chief shelter of the elephant. It is found in Jhapa, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Chitwan National Park, Bardiya National Park and Suklapahanta Wildlife Reserve. The elephant is a rare protected animal of Nepal. It is the largest land mammal. Its height is about 3.5 meters. The teeth of the male elephant are bigger than that of the female. Its tusk is long which is called Hastihad. The Hastihad is a very costly commodity. It is hunted for its tusk which is one of the reasons for its reducing number.

6. Giant Hornbill (Dhanesh)

Scientific Name: Buceros Bicornis

There are two types of hornbills: big and small. Giant hornbills are found in the forest of the Terai region. it is hunted for meat and medicine. The bone and fat of this bird are used to prepare the medicine. Due to the destruction of forest in the Terai, the number of the hornbill is decreasing. Therefore, it has been declared as a protected bird.

7. Asiatic Rock Python (Azinger)

Scientific Name: Dorling Kindersley

The Asiatic Rock Python is a large snake, generally found in the dense forest. It hides in a log of woods and dry leaves. It is one of the rare and protected creatures. It has a wide head and small eyes with yellow eyeballs. The body is which, black and spotted. It is about 7 meters long and weighs nearly 90 kg. it is the largest of all snakes in the world but not poisonous. Expensive belts, bags, and other articles are made from its skin. This is the reason why it is hunted.

  • The clouded leopard has clouded body with spots in various parts. It looks very attractive.
  • Red Panda is found at the height of 3,500 meters in the forest of bamboo, cane and oaks.
  • One-horned rhinocerous  is hunted because of the special importance of its horn, foot nail and skin.
  • Bengal tiger is found in the forest of Terai region.
  • Asiatic elephant is found in Jhapa, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Chitwan National Park, Bardiya National Park and Suklapahanta Wildlife Reserve.
  • Due to the destruction of forest in the Terai, the number of the hornbill is decreasing.
  • The Asiatic Rock Python is a large snake, generally found in the dense forest.
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Very Short Questions

It is found in swampy and tropical jungle. It is about 1.1 to 1.7 meter. People hunt it illegally for its horn, foot nail and skin. The census report of ministry of forest and soil conservation reveals that there are about 600 rhinoceros in Nepal up to 2056.

When the number of any living beings goes on decreasing and it reaches the stage to extinction the living being is known as rare living being. The rare animals and plants are listed as below:

Animals Plants
Red panda Golden michelia
One horned rhinoceros Spikanard
Bangal Tiger Serpentina
Asiatic Elephant Himalayan yew
Asiatic rock phthon Panch aule
Clouded leoperd Yarsagumba

The following are the main causes for the rareness of animals and plants:

  1. Natural calamities
  2. Excessive human encroachment
  3. Development activities
  4. Commercial motive
  5. Scientific test
  6. Destruction of habitat and food

The following are the methods for conserving them:

  1. Conservation of ecosystem
  2. Study and research
  3. Control and development
  4. Restriction on hunting
  5. Development of in-situ and ex-situ conservation areas
  6. Forest and wild life conservation law
  7. Peoples participation on conservation

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  • What is the scientific name of Clouded Leopard?

    Eublepharis macularius


    Prionailurus bengalensis


    Neofelis Nebulosa


    Panthera pardus


  • The average weight of Clouded Leopard is ______.

    about 15-50 kg
    about 10-43 kg
    about 5-20 kg
    about 15-23 kg
  • The average weight of one-horned rhinoceros is ______.

    about 500 kg to 600 kg
    about 1000 kg to 10000 kg
    about 2000 kg to 4000 kg
    about 4000 kg to 8000 kg
  • The colour of fur of red panda is ______.

    reddish brown
    white
    green
    red
  • What is the scientific name of Bengal tiger?

    Felis Lynx
    Felix Concolor
    Panthera Tigris
    Panthera Leo
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two reason for poaching of wild animal


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