Note on Good Governance

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Governance refers to the system or manner the government works in. According to the World Bank 'using political power for the management of various affairs of a state is governance'. Governance describes the process of decision-making and process by which its decisions are carried out. Good governance maintains that decisions are taken and carried out in fair manner. The decisions are directed towards the promotion of public welfare.

The concept of good governance was developed with the demand that political power should be used in favour of people. Donor nations and international financial institutions like IMF, ADB or World Bank impose good governance as 'aid conditionally'. They agree to offer aid and loans on the condition that reforms for good governance are made. Good governance, in a broader sense, is to rule according to the need and wish of people as well as for their welfare.

Features of Good Governance

  1. Participation
  2. Accountability
  3. Responsiveness
  4. Transparency
  5. Rule of Law
  6. Consensus
  7. Equality and inclusiveness
  8. Effectiveness and efficiency

Obstacles of Good Governance in Nepal

  1. Low level of political awareness
  2. Misconception
  3. Poverty
  4. Lack of appropriate policies and programmes
  5. System-based administration
  6. Political instability
  7. Institutional corruption
  8. Lack of enough public pressure
  9. Poor implementation of laws
  10. Lack of co-ordination between government and civil society

  • Governance refers to the system or manner the government works in.
  • The concept of good governance was developed with the demand that political power should be used in favour of people.
  • Good governance is to rule according to the need and wish of people as well as for their welfare.
  • Donor nations and international financial institutions like IMF, ADB or World Bank impose good governance as 'aid conditionally'.
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Very Short Questions

A good governance is important as it not only gives the local community confidence in its council, but improves the faith that elected members and officers have in their own local government and its decision-making processes.

Accountability is the soul of democratic government as all government and private institutions along with civil societies are essentially responsible for the respective groups of people for their decisions and actions.

The obstacle of Good Governance can be removed by taking measures to remove poverty, implementing laws, coordinating government and civil society, expansion of social opportunities, etc.

Good governance has major 8 characteristics. They are:

  • Participation
  • Transparency
  • Rule of law
  • Responsiveness
  • Consensus oriented
  • Equality and equity
  • Inclusiveness
  • Effectiveness and efficiency
  • Accountability

The challenges of good governance in Nepal are as follow:

  • Corruption and impurity
  • Process-oriented administration
  • Weak civil society
  • Insufficient public pressure
  • Policy level instability
  • Traditional thoughts etc.

0%
  • The process of decision-making and process by which its decisions are carried out is called ______.

    non-government


    government


    governance


    preamble


  • The soul of a democratic government is ______.

    responsiveness


    consensus


    transparency


    accountability


  • Which one is not the characteristic of good governanace?

    Consensus


    Privacy


    Responsiveness


    Transparency


  • The system or manner the government works in is ______.

    participation


    governance


    political power


    accountability


  • Governance maintains reasonable participation of ______ in all affairs of the state.

    both male and female


    finance


    rulers


    law makers


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