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Note on Demography

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John Grount initiated the study of demography based on his work 'Natural and Political Observation Made upon the Bills of Mortality' in 1662. Therefore, he was considered as the Father of Demography. However the word 'demography' was first coined by Achille Guillard in his book Comparative Demography published in 1855.
The word demography is derived from two Greek words 'demos' and 'graphien'. Demos means people whereas graphien means to study. So, in simple words we can say that demography is the study of human population. Demography is the systematic and scientific study of the human population primarily with respect to size, structure, distribution and change (development).
Population change results from the interaction of demographic components, viz, birth, death and migration. Therefore, demography deals with the detailed study of the three components. With the measurement of such components, various aspects of the population are analyzed and interpreted. It helps to plan and implement various development activities.

Components of Demography

  1. Major Demographic Processes: - This includes fertility, mortality and migration.
  2. Population Statistics: - Population statistics helps to study birth rate, death rate, migration rate, population distribution, etc. of any place, district, region, zone or a country.
  3. Population Distribution: - The population distribution of any area has a particular pattern. Some places or region may have more population whereas some places or region may have less population. For example, the Terai region of Nepal has more population than Himalayan and hilly region of Nepal.
  4. Causes of Population Growth: - The causes of population growth are the major part of demography. The measures for the adverse effects caused by the population growth could be adopted only after knowing the causes of it.
  5. Consequences of Population Growth: - The population growth has created many problems in the world. Food, health, employment opportunities, education, housing, entertainment, etc. are affected due to rapid population growth.
  6. Sexual and Reproductive Health: - Physical structure of human and fecundity, contraceptives devices, subject matters related to sex, etc. come under sexual and reproductive health.
  7. Population Policies and Programmes: - Population policies and programmes are also the major part of demography.Every country has its own population policies and programmes.

  • John Grount initiated the study of demography based on his work 'Natural and Political Observation Made upon the Bills of Mortality' in 1662.
  • The word demography is derived from two Greek words 'demos' and 'graphien'.
  • Demography is the systematic and scientific study of human population primarily with respect to size, structure, distribution and change (development).
  • The population growth has created many problems in the world.
  • The population distribution of any area has a particular pattern.
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Very Short Questions

The word 'demography' is derived from two Greek words 'demos' meaning people and 'graphy' meaning science or studies. So, demography refers to the study of human the population. It makes scientific and statistical study of the population with respect to its size. The study of human population is very important. It has developed as a separate discipline of modern time. It gives us information and idea about the population situation and its trend. Problems of its management and solution. So, it is essential in planning and developmental activities of every human society.

Demography is the mathematical and scientific study of the size, structure, distribution and other important aspects of the population. The process of finding out the number and rates of these three factors is known as population measures. The status of the change in the population can be known through the measure of birth, death and migration rate. It is useful in population studies for the following reason:

  1. It is useful in calculating the exact demographic measures.
  2. It helps us to know the size of a country or area.
  3. It is useful in the population growth rate.
  4. It shows the true figure of change in population.

0%
  • What does demos mean?

    Association
    People
    Animal
    Study
  • What does graphien mean?

    Disregard
    People
    Study
    Neglect
  • Who is known as the father of demography?

    Achille Guillard


    John Grount


    Charles Babbage


    Adam Smith


  • Who first coined the word 'demography'?

    John Grount


    Charles Babbage


    Adam Smith


    Achille Guillard


  • Birth, death and migration are called ______.

    demographic component
    demographic process
    all of the options are correct
    demographic measures
  • Births are affected by ______.

    ephemerality
    fertility
    mortality
    impermanence
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DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS NOTE

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Sneha Mallik

factors affecting demography


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Write briefly about demographic factors,processes and measures

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prajjwal

why is crude birth rate not reagarded as accurate one


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prema

What are the factors affecting demography?


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