Note on Have - Has - Go - Goes-Do-Does

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Have - Has - Go - Goes- Do- Does

Simple Present Tense

Conjugation of Have and Go

To Have = To show possession / a quality

To Go = to show movement (travel) in a specific direction

SubjectTo HaveThe Rest of the sentence
I / you / we / theyhavean old bike.
he / she / ithasa new car.
SubjectTo GoThe Rest of the sentence
I / you / we / theygoto class every day.
he / she / itgoesto the movies on Friday.

Usually we only add 'S' to a verb when we conjugate it in the third person but notice how To Have and To Go are slightly irregular (though they still both end in S).

Have and Go in Negative Sentences

To make a negative sentence in English with To Have and To Go we use Don't or Doesn't followed byHave or Go (never Has or Goes).

Affirmative: You have a pen.Negative: You don't have a pen.

You will see that we add don't between the subject and the verb. We use Don't when the subject is I, you,we or they.

Affirmative: He has a pencil.Negative: He doesn't have a pencil.

When the subject is he, she or it, we add doesn't between the subject and the verb to make a negative sentence. Notice that we don't use the normal third person conjugation (has, goes) in negative sentences. We use the base form of the infinitive as seen below.

Word Order of Negative Sentences

The following is the word order to construct a basic negative sentence in English in the Present Tense using Don't or Doesn't.

Subjectdon't/doesn'tTo Have*The Rest of the sentence
I / you / we / theydon'thavecereal for lunch.
he / she / itdoesn't
Subjectdon't/doesn'tTo Go*The Rest of the sentence
I / you / we / theydon'tgoto classes every day.
he / she / itdoesn't

* Verb: The verb that goes here is the base form of the infinitive = The infinitive without TO before the verb. Instead of the infinitive To have it is just the have part.

Remember that the infinitive is the verb before it is conjugated (changed) and it begins with TO. For example: to have, to eat, to go, to live, to speak etc.

Examples of Negative Sentences with Have:

  • You don't have a clue.
  • John doesn't have many friends.
  • We don't have time for a rest.
  • It doesn't have four wheels.
  • They don't have the correct answers.
  • She doesn't have a nice dress.

Examples of Negative Sentences with Go:

  • You don't go to university.
  • John doesn't go to parties.
  • We don't go to work on the weekend.
  • It doesn't go fast.
  • They don't go to the beach.
  • She doesn't go to church.

Questions with Have and Go

To make a question in English with To Have and To Go, we normally use Do or Does at the beginning of the question.

Affirmative: You have a girlfriend.Question: Do you have a girlfriend?

You will see that we add DO at the beginning of the affirmative sentence to make it a question. We use Dowhen the subject is I, you, we or they.

Affirmative: She has a boyfriend.Question: Does she have a boyfriend?

When the subject is he, she or it, we add DOES at the beginning to make the affirmative sentence a question. Notice that we don't use the normal third person conjugation (has, goes) in questions. We use the base form of the infinitive as seen below.

Word Order of Questions with Do and Does

The following is the word order to construct a basic question in English using Do or Does.

Do/DoesSubjectVerb*The Rest of the sentence
DoI / you / we / theyhavea new bike?
Doeshe / she / it
Do/DoesSubjectVerb*The Rest of the sentence
DoI / you / we / theygoto school?
Doeshe / she / it

*Verb: The verb that goes here is the base form of the infinitive = The infinitive without TO before the verb. Instead of the infinitive To have it is just the have part.

Remember that the infinitive is the verb before it is conjugated (changed) and it begins with TO. For example: to have, to eat, to go, to live, to speak etc.

Examples of Questions with Have and Go:

  • Do you have a dictionary?
  • Does Mary have a dictionary?
  • Do we go to all the meetings?
  • Does she go to all the meetings?

Short Answers with Have and Go

In questions that use do/does it is possible to give short answers to direct questions as follows:

Sample QuestionsShort Answer(Affirmative)Short Answer(Negative)
Do you have a car?Do you go to church?Yes, I do.No, I don't.
Do I have time?Do I go to work today?Yes, you do.No, you don't.
Do you both have time?Do you both go to school?Yes, we do.No, we don't.
Do they have a car?Do they go to the pub?Yes, they do.No, they don't.
Does he have a car?Does he go to university?Yes, he does.No, he doesn't.
Does she have a car?Does she go to the gym?Yes, she does.No, she doesn't.
Does it have four wheels?Does it go slow?Yes, it does.No, it doesn't.

However, if a question word such as who, when, where, why, which or how is used in the question, you can not use the short answers above to respond to the question.

  • Usually we only add 'S' to a verb when we conjugate it in the third person but notice how To Have and To Go are slightly irregular (though they still both end in S).
  • Verb: The verb that goes here is the base form of the infinitive = The infinitive without TO before the verb. Instead of the infinitive To have it is just the have part.
  • if a question word such as who, when, where, why, which or how is used in the question, you can not use the short answers above to respond to the question.
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