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Note on Marriage

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A social phenomenon which establishes a kind of relation between male and female according to the social norms and values is known as marriage.It is a legal union of male and female as husband and wife.

Marriage has been considered as moral base of male and female relationship from the ancient time and has occupied important status in every society.

Types of Marriage

On the Basis of Number of Spouses

  • Monogamy: It is the process of being married only with one woman or man. It is the most practiced types of marriage in our society.
  • Polygamy: Polygamy is a type of marriage in which one man is married to two or more than two women in the same time. This is further divided into two types, sororal and non- sororal. In the sororal type of polygamy, all the wives are from the same parent whereas, in non- sororal type of polygamy, all wives belong to the different parent or are from different parents or family.
  • Polyandry: In this type, the woman is married to two or more than two men. This type of marriage is more common in Tibet, Africa, India and Mountain region of Nepal.

Polygamy

Polyandry

Here, a man gets married to more than one women.

Here, one woman is married to two or more than two men.

In polygamy types of marriage, usually, the husband is head of the family.

In polyandry type of marriage, usually, the wife is the head of a family.

They are further divided into two types, sororate, and non- sororate.

They are divided into fraternal and non- fraternal.

Here, the property is divided.

Here, the property is not divided.

It is found in modern society.

It is most common in Africa and India

On the Bais of Marriage Arrangement

  • Arrange Marriage: It is a type of marriage on which guardians of both male and female agreed to marry them according to social, religious and cultural norms.
  • Love Marriage: It is a type of marriage in which boy and a girl marry with their mutual understanding and agreement when they reach at the age of marriage.
  • Court Marriage: It is a type of marriage on which boy and girl go to the court and get married according to the law.

Arrange Marriage

Love Marriage
The marriage which is arrange by parents or by the guardians is called arrange marriage. The marriage which is done without asking to family members or parents is called love marriage.
In this type of marriage parents are indirect or direct involved. But in love marriage there is no involvement of parents.
The old parents they like arrange marriage . The young people they give preference to love marriage.
According to Nepal, the legal age for both male and female is 18 years. In case of love marriage, the minimum age for both male and female is 20 years.
In this marriage may be male and female may not know each other. In this typeof marriage the boy and girl fell in love before marriage.
We can find this types of marriage in the traditional rural society. We can see this types of marriage in the morden socity .
On the Basis of Social System
There are different castes and cultural in our country and they practice marriage according to their culture. Following types of marriage are some of the examples of it:
  • Betel-Nut Marriage: In this type of marriage, a betel nut is given to girl's guardians from boy's side.
  • Arranged Marriage: In this type of marriage, the hand of girl and boy is asked for marriage in agreement of guardians.
  • Elopement: In this type of marriage, boy and girl elope and get married.
  • Marry with sister-in-law: In this type of marriage, a man marries and accepts his elder's brother's wife.
  • Marry with widow: In this type of marriage, a widow willingly marries with a person of her choice.
  • Gandharva Marriage: In this type of marriage, one marries by showing his/her talent by dancing in festivals.
  • Jari Marriage: In this type of marriage, a man who takes away another man's wife has to pay money to another man as compensation.
  • Bel Bibaha: In this marriage, young Newari girls they married with the fruit called 'bel' And worshipped bel as their husband.

Age of Marriage

According to recent law of Nepal, male should be of 20 years and female should be of 18 years and requires their parents permission to get married.

Advantages of marriage at proper age

Following are the advantages of marriage at proper age:

  • Healthy child is born form physically, mentally, morally matured mother.
  • Both male and female get opportunity to be educated.
  • Both male and female get opportunity ti learn income generating skills and cab be employed easily.
  • There is development of knowledge and understanding in parents.
  • Parents get more opportunities to work in social and economical field.
  • The age of studying, learning and playing cab be fully utilized.
  • The size of family become small.

Disadvantage of early marriage

The disadvantage of early marriage for both male and female are as follows:

  • There is less opportunity for parents to get education.
  • Female reproductive organs have not been matured.
  • Parents are bounded in family relations without utilizing their childhood rights.
  • Females do not get opportunities to learn income generating skills.
  • There is lack of appropriate knowledge about reproductive process, family planning etc.
  • There is more possibility of unstable family relation due to early marriage.

  • A social phenomenon which establishes a kind of relation between male and female according to the social norms and values is known as marriage.
  • But mainly three types of marriage are popular in our society: arrange marriage, love marriage and court marriage.
  • According to recent law of Nepal, male should be of 20 years and female should be of 18 years and requires their parents permission to get married.
  • Monogamy is the process of being married only with one woman or man.
  • Polygamy is a type of marriage in which one man is married to two or more than two women in the same time.
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Very Short Questions

Marriage involves the social sanction generally in the form of the civil or religious ceremony, authorizing two person of opposite sexes to engage in sexual and other consequent and co-related social-economic relation with each other, marriage is a prominent phenomenon of our life. Thus marriage is a cultural and social process which is established between the opposite sexes on mutual understanding. The types of marriage are:

  • Arranged marriage
  • Love marriage
  • Court marriage

There are seven types of marriage which are practiced in Nepal. They are:

  • Marriage by giving nut (supari bibaha)
  • Marriage by request ( magi bibaha)
  • Marriage by theft (chori bibaha)
  • Levirate marriage (bhauju behorne bibaha)
  • Widow marriage (bidhuwa bibaha)
  • Marriage by performance (gandharba bibaha)
  • Marriage by paying the fine (jari bibaha)

The three types of marriage are:

  • Arranges marriage
  • Court marriage
  • Love marriage
Love marriage: love marriage is performed by boys and girls. They meet and love each other. And they themselves decide to marry each other. This type of marriage is usually popular among western countries. Couple does not need the permission of their parents. This marriage is more enduring than other marriages.

The difference between monogamy and polygamy are:

Monogamy Polygamy
  • Monogamy is a practice or union of one man and one woman.
  • Polygamy is a practice or union of one person and another person of opposite sex.
  • It allows a person to marry one woman.
  • It allows one person to marry two or more person of opposite sex.
  • It is also known as single marriage.
  • It is also known as multiple marriages.
  • It is legal in Nepal.
  • It is illegal in Nepal.

The purposes of marriage are as follows:

  • To plan a family and care for the children.
  • To live in harmony and have love for one another.
  • To have a family and enjoy prosperity.

The Nepali meaning of levirate marriage is Bhauju Behorne bibaha. From the name itself, it is clear that the marriage is between Bhauju (sister in law) and Dewar (brother in law). This marriage is performed when elder brother dies and widow sister is law is married with the younger brother. This type of marriage is diminishing day by day. This is the unique marriage in Nepal society.

The major features of marriage are as follows:

  • To satisfy sex desire to bear children and to take care of the children.
  • Sexual relationship between male and female.
  • The motive is to pass domestic life.
  • Registered through any institution.
  • Pass heredity to the offspring and continue descendant.

The girls should not marry before 20 years and a boy before 25 years because of the following reasons:

  • Lack of opportunity of attaining education.
  • Physically and psychologically weak to bear child.
  • Female reproductive organs have not matured enough at below 20 years.
  • Economic problems if felt.

The benefits of marriage at proper age are as follows:

  • Healthy mother and children.
  • Less wastage of food.
  • Well-spaced births.
  • More-spaced births.
  • More attention to the family members.
  • Peaceful and happier life.

The disadvantages of early marriage are as follows:

  • Lack of opportunities of income generating skills.
  • Lack of proper physical and mental development.
  • Low opportunity of getting education for both boy and girl.
  • The body of women becomes weak due to the death of children at an early age.
  • Lack of knowledge of fertility process and family planning.

The advantages of marriage at proper age are given below:

  • Opportunity to get higher education.
  • Enough time is available for personality and career development.
  • There is less risk to the health of mother and infant in delivery.
  • Adequate opportunity to work in social and economic field.
  • Small and happy family is developed.
  • Opportunity to produce fewer children and birth spacing.
  • It helps to bring up the children and birth spacing.
  • It helps to develop the knowledge and awareness in parents to make the future of the children bright.

According to the data, the average life expectancy of Nepalese people on 1961 was 31 years. And the average life expectancy in the year 2001 is 60.8 years, which shows the tremendous growth over the past forty years. Average expectancy is directly related to the living standard of people. Due to the spread of education, availability of health services and facilities and rising standard of living, the average expectancy has increased in Nepal. People do not use junk food. They are attracted towards nutritious food. They got good education relating to their health. Due to these above mentioned reasons life expectancy is increasing in Nepal.

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  • Which of the following is a type of marriage on which guardians of both male and female agreed to marry them according to social, religious and cultural norms?

    Arrange marriage
    Love marriage
    Elopement
    Court marriage
  • What is the appropriate age of marriage for male and female according to recent law of Nepal?

    Male should be of 26 years and Female should be of 18 years
    Male should be of 20 years and Female should be of 18 years
    Male should be of 25 years and Female should be of 23 years
    Male should be of 30 years and Female should be of 20 years
  • Which of the following is a type of marriage in which one marries by showing his/her talent by dancing in festivals?

    Widow Marriage
    Court Marriage
    Gandharva Marriage
    Love Marriage
  • A social phenomenon which establishes a kind of relation between male and female according to the social norms and values is known as _____________.

    Marriage
    Mortality
    Migration
    Divorce
  • _____is a type of marriage, in which betel nut is given to girl's guardians from boy's side.

    Nut marriage
    Betel-nut marriage
    Almond marriage
    Betel marriage
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