Note on Political Activities After 2062 B.S.

  • Note
  • Things to remember

After the restoration of democracy, the first Representative Assembly meeting was held on 15th Baishakh 2063 B.S. Girija Pd. Koirala became the Prime Minister in the new government. The Representative Assembly gave a historic announcement on 4th Jestha and made the following changes.

  1. Nepal was declared a secular country.
  2. His Majesty’s Government was replaced by Nepal Government.
  3. All the powers of the King were suspended. His property was made taxable.
  4. Royal Nepal Army was named Nepal Army.
  5. The existing National Anthem was suspended.

After this proclamation, there was a big change in the political situation of Nepal. On 2nd Ashad 2063 B.S., an 8-point Agreement was reached between the seven political parties and CPN Maoist. On 5th Mangsir 2063 B.S., the Comprehensive Peace Accord was signed by the Maoist representative Pushpa Kamal Dahal and the government representative Girija Pd. Koirala, under the UN mediation.

The Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 B.S. was promulgated on 1st Magh 2063 B.S. The election for Constituent Assembly was completed on 28th Chaitra 2064 B.S. CPN Maoist won the majority votes. The first meeting of the assembly declared Nepal as republic and abolished monarchy on 15th Jestha 2065 B.S. This ended the monarchy rule in Nepal that had run for centuries. King Gyanendra made a public announcement from Narayanhiti Palace and left the royal throne of his own accord in peaceful fashion. Two months later, Dr. Ram Baran Yadav was elected the first President of Nepal. CPN Maoist President Pushpa Kamal Dahal became the Prime Minister on 2nd Bhadra 2065 B.S.

Madhav Kumar Nepal became the Prime Minister of Nepal on 11th Jestha 2066 B.S. and Jhalanath Khanal became the Prime Minister on 23rd Magh 2067 B.S. Those governments had an essential role in completing the Comprehensive Peace Accord. Dr. Baburam Bhattarai became the Prime Minister on 12th Bhadra 2068 B.S. While on his term, the Constituent Assembly was dissolved on 14th Jestha 2069 B.S. The 4 years worth of agreements, cooperation and unity was uneventful to promulgate a constitution. An electoral government was formed led by Chief Justice Khila Raj Regmi for the sole purpose of conducting the second Constituent Assembly election on 1st Chaitra 2069 B.S. This government was successful in conducting the election.

The second Constituent Assembly election was held on 4th Mangsir 2070 B.S. Nepali Congress got the majority votes, and Sushil Koirala led the government formed on 27th Magh 2070 B.S. Cooperation between political parties, unity and nationalism towards the country speeded the constitution writing process. Nepal faced the worst natural disaster in the form of strong earthquakes on 12th and 29th Baishakh 2072 B.S., which affected more than 14 districts directly. This disaster got the political parties to forget their rivalries and work together in the rescue and reconstruction efforts. This event created the environment for constitution writing process and development of the country.

President Ram Baran Yadav announced the Nepal Constitution 2072 B.S. on 3rd Aswin 2072 B.S. The citizens received a constitution written by their representatives finally, which they had been waiting for since establishment of democracy in 2007 B.S. Nepal became a Federal Democratic Republic country.

The work of the Constituent Assembly was done, so it was converted into Administrative Assembly. Soon after the promulgation of constitution, Nepal had to face a blockade from India. A new government was formed led by Khadka Pd. Oli on 24th Aswin 2072 B.S.

S. No.

Date

Events

1

1st Magh 2063 B.S.

Interim Constitution 2063 B.S. and Interim Representative Assembly announcement.

2

28th Chaitra 2064 B.S.

First Constituent Assembly Election held.

3

15th Jestha 2065 B.S.

Democtratic Republic of Nepal announced.

4

6th Shrawan 2065 B.S.

Dr. Ram Baran Yadav elected the First President of Nepal by the CA.

5

31st Shrawan 2065 B.S.

New government formed led by CPN Maoist leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda).

6

9th Jestha 2066 B.S.

New government formed led by CPN UML leader Madhav Kumar Nepal.

7

20th Magh 2067 B.S.

New government formed led by CPN UML leader Jhalanath Khanal.

8

11th Bhadra 2068 B.S.

New government formed led by CPN Maoist leader Dr. Baburam Bhattarai.

9

14th Jestha 2069 B.S.

First Constituent Assembly dissolved.

10

1st Chaitra 2069 B.S.

Interim Electoral Government formed led by Chief Justice Khilaraj Regmi.

11

4th Mangsir 2070 B.S.

Second Constituent Assembly election held.

12

27th Magh 2070 B.S.

New government formed led by Nepali Congress leader Sushil Koirala.

13

12th Baishakh 2072 B.S.

Strong earthquake hit Nepal, big destruction of lives and property.

14

3rd Aswin 2072 B.S.

Nepal Constitution 2072 B.S. announced by President Yadav.

15

24th Aswin 2072 B.S.

New government formed led by CPN UML leader Khadka Pd. Oli.

16

11th Kartik 2072 B.S.

Bidya Devi Bhandari elected the second President of Nepal by the CA.

17

19th Shrawan 2073 B.S.

New government formed led by CPN Maoist Centre leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda).

 

  1. After the restoration of democracy, the first Representative Assembly meeting was held on 15th Baishakh 2063 B.S. Girija Pd. Koirala became the Prime Minister in the new government.
  2. Nepal was declared a secular country, His Majesty’s Government was replaced by Nepal Government, all the powers of the King were suspended, his property was made taxable, Royal Nepal Army was named Nepal Army, and the existing National Anthem was suspended.
  3. On 2nd Ashad 2063 B.S., an 8-point Agreement was reached between the seven political parties and CPN Maoist.
  4. On 5th Mangsir 2063 B.S., the Comprehensive Peace Accord was signed by the Maoist representative Pushpa Kamal Dahal and the government representative Girija Pd. Koirala, under the UN mediation.
  5. The Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 B.S. was promulgated on 1st Magh 2063 B.S.
  6. The first meeting of the assembly declared Nepal as republic and abolished monarchy on 15th Jestha 2065 B.S.
  7. Dr. Ram Baran Yadav was elected the first President of Nepal.
  8. CPN Maoist President Pushpa Kamal Dahal became the Prime Minister on 2nd Bhadra 2065 B.S.
  9. The second Constituent Assembly election was held on 4th Mangsir 2070 B.S.
  10. Nepal faced the worst natural disaster in the form of strong earthquakes on 12th and 29th Baishakh 2072 B.S.
  11. President Ram Baran Yadav announced the Nepal Constitution 2072 B.S. on 3rd Aswin 2072 B.S.
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