The proof that a country gives its citizens their identification is Citizenship. This is also the constitutional basis as well. Nationality and Citizenship are different things. Citizenship relations can be broken, but nationality is always the same. There are two ways to get citizenship. First method is to get it on the basis of family ties. This is also known as the blood-relation based citizenship. The second method is birth based.
Difference between Nationality and Citizenship
Recognition of Citizenship
There are different norms related to citizenship. One can obtain a citizenship under the condition of birth within the country. Similarly, parental descent can be verified to acquire citizenship. In some countries the provision of dual citizenship has been given. Not having a citizenship is also a provision in Nepal. Similarly, a country can give out an honorary citizenship to citizens of other countries who are famous and have contributed to some common goal. In some countries, a second-class citizenship is given to its citizens. In that case, the citizen is barred from using some of the services and has fewer rights.
Provisions for obtaining a citizenship in Nepal Constitution
1. Descendent Citizenship
2. Naturalized Citizenship
3. Honorary Citizenship
The Government of Nepal may grant naturalized citizenship as prescribed to those foreign citizens, who have contributed specially for the upliftment of science, philosophy, art, literature, world peace, human welfare or Nepalese industry, finance or social development
4. Non-residential Citizenship
Foreigners having citizenship of a country apart from the SAARC members and having settled there, and being the descent of his/her father or mother, grandfather or grandmother being a Nepali citizen can receive a non-residential citizenship. Such citizens don’t have all the rights but do get the economic, social and cultural rights.