Note on Other Constitutional Organs

  • Note
  • Things to remember

Part 27 of the Nepal Constitution has defined 7 constitutional organs. This includes National Women Commission, National Dalit Commission, National Inclusion Commission, Indigenous Nationalities Commission, Madhesi Commission, Tharu Commission, and Muslim Commission.

National Women Commission

The article 252 of Nepal Constitution defines the women commission consisting of a Chairperson and four other members. Functions and duties of National Women Commission are to formulate policies and programs concerning the rights and interests of the women and submit them to the Government of Nepal for implementation, to monitor as to whether those have been implemented, and make suggestions for their effective compliance and implementation to the Government of Nepal. It also works in order to have women included in the mainstream of national development and equal participation in all organs of the state. It carries out study and research work on the legal provisions relating to gender equality, empowerment of women and women, make recommendations to the concerned bodies on reforms to be made on such laws, and monitor the same. It oversees cases against any persons or bodies on matters of violence against women or against women’s rights

National Dalit Commission

The article 255 of Nepal Constitution defines National Dalit Commission of Nepal, consisting of a Chairperson and four other members. The functions and duties of National Dalit Commission are to serve the overall situation of the Dalit community, identify areas of necessary policy, legal and institutional reforms in that field, and make recommendations to the Government of Nepal. It also formulates national policies and programs concerning the interests of the Dalit for the upliftment and development of the Dalit, putting an end to caste-based discrimination, oppression and discrimination, and submit such policies and programs to the Government of Nepal for their implementation, to monitor as to whether laws have been effectively implemented, and to have the Dalit community included in the mainstream of national development and ensure proportional participation in all organs of the State

National Inclusion Commission

The article 258 of Nepal Constitution defines National Inclusion Commission of Nepal, consisting of a Chairperson and four other members. The functions and duties of National Inclusion Commission is to conduct study and research works for the protection of the rights and interests of the communities, including Khas Arya, Pichhada class, persons with disabilities, senior citizens, labors, peasants, minorities and marginalized community, backward class, people of Karnali and the indigent class. It studies the status of implementation of the policies and laws adopted by the Government of Nepal for the inclusion of the community, class and region so that there is appropriate representation in the organs of the state.  It makes suggestions to the Government of Nepal about policies and programs to be pursued for the development and prosperity of the Karnali and backward regions, and makes recommendations for timely revisions of laws concerning minority and marginalized communities.

Indigenous Nationalities Commission

The article 261 of Nepal Constitution defines the Indigenous Nationalities Commission. The functions and duties of National Indigenous Commission are to conduct study and research works for the protection of the rights and interests of the indigenous nationalities. On the recommendation of the Constitutional Council, the President appoints the Chairperson and members of the Indigenous Nationalities Commission. This commission has a chairperson and 4 members.

Madhesi Commission

The article 262 of Nepal Constitution defines the Madhesi Commission. The functions and duties of the Madhesi Commission are to conduct study and research works for the protection of the rights and interests of the Madhesi nationalities. On the recommendation of the Constitutional Council, the President appoints the Chairperson and members of the Madhesi Commission. This commission has a chairperson and 4 members.

Tharu Commission

The article 263 of Nepal Constitution defines the Tharu Commission. The functions and duties of the Tharu Commission are to conduct study and research works for the protection of the rights and interests of the Tharu nationalities. On the recommendation of the Constitutional Council, the President appoints the Chairperson and members of the Tharu Commission. This commission has a chairperson and 4 members.

Muslim Commission

The article 262 of Nepal Constitution defines the Muslim Commission. The functions and duties of the Muslim Commission are to conduct study and research works for the protection of the rights and interests of the Muslim nationalities. On the recommendation of the Constitutional Council, the President appoints the Chairperson and members of the Muslim Commission. This commission has a chairperson and 4 members.

  • Part 27 of the Nepal Constitution has defined 7 constitutional organs.
  • This includes National Women Commission, National Dalit Commission, National Inclusion Commission, Indigenous Nationalities Commission, Madhesi Commission, Tharu Commission, and Muslim Commission.
  • The functions and duties of the these organs are to conduct study and research works for the protection of the rights and interests of their respective affiliations.
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Shiksha Gautam

Discuss the unavoidability of national women commission in the context of nepal


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